official_name = City of Sunnyvale, California
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Santa Clara County and the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Santa Clara
leader_name = Anthony (Tony) Spitaleri
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 58.6
area_land_km2 = 55.8
area_water_km2 = 1.8
area_total_sq_mi = 22.6
area_land_sq_mi = 21.9
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 131760
population_density_km2 = 2318.7
population_density_sq_mi = 6006.5
median_family_income_as_of = 2000
median_family_income = 81634
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 37 |latm = 22 |lats = 19 |latNS = N
longd = 122 |longm = 1 |longs = 34 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 39
elevation_ft = 128
postal_code = 94085-94090
area_code = 408
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-77000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1656344
website = http://www.sunnyvale.ca.gov/
Sunnyvale (IPA| [sʌniveil] or IPA| [sʌnivɛl] ) is a city in Santa Clara County,
California, United States. It is one of the major cities that make up the Silicon Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 131,760.
The city is bordered by the
San Francisco Bayand San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfieldto the northwest, Mountain View to the west, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, and Santa Clara to the east. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101.
As part of the
Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is headquartersto several high-techcompanies such as Maxim Integrated Products, Juniper Networks, Palm, Inc., AMD, NetApp, Spansion, Yahoo!, Mirapoint, and Ariba. Sunnyvale is also home to several aerospace/defense companies; Lockheed Martinhas a major facility in Sunnyvale, and Honeywell, Northrop GrummanElectronic Systems - Marine Systems (location of the Hendy Iron Works Museum), and Spirent Communications also have offices in Sunnyvale. Sunnyvale is also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station, where its main building locally know as the "The Blue Cube" is its most prominent feature. The base, named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challengerastronaut Ellison Onizuka, is the primary artificial satellitecontrol facility of the United States armed forces.
Sunnyvale is one of the few U.S. cities to have a single unified
Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters, police officers, and EMTs, so they can respond to an emergency in any of the three roles.
Library services for the city are provided by the
Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center.
Sunnyvale is located at coor dms|37|22|7.56|N|122|2|13.4|W|GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.6 km²), of which, 21.9 square miles (55.8 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (3.05%) is water. The elevation is 130 feet above sea level.
Like most of the San Francisco Bay area, Sunnyvale has a mild, temperate climate and, as can be inferred from the name, is quite bright even on overcast days. Average daytime summer temperatures hover between convert|85|F|lk=on and convert|95|F, and during the winter, average daytime temperatures rarely go below convert|45|F.
May 4 1998, during an unusually strong thunderstorm, Sunnyvale and its neighbor Los Altos were hit by two freak tornadoesof nearly F2 intensity, causing upwards of $4 million in property damage. No serious injuries were reported. Tornadoes are virtually unheard of in the San Francisco Bay Area, and these were even stranger because they exhibited anticyclonic rotation. [ [http://tornado.sfsu.edu/geosciences/StormChasing/Cases/Sunnyvale/Sunnyvale.html "Sunnyvale and Los Altos, CA Tornadoes"] , San Francisco State University, Department of Geosciences ] [ [http://www.svcn.com/archives/sunnyvalesun/05.06.98/CoverStory.html "Hit and Run: Freak tornado injures no one, but leaves behind costly damage,"] , The Sun (Sunnyvale's Newspaper), May 6, 1998]
On February 5, 1976, measurable snowfall occurred in Sunnyvale and most of the
San Francisco Bay Area.
When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the
Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone. In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was built by Ohlone converts to Christianity.
In 1842, "Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas" was granted to Estrada and Inez Castro. Portions of the land given in this grant later developed into the cities of Mountain View and Sunnyvale. Two years later, in 1844, another land grant was provided to Lupe Yñigo, one of the few Native Americans to hold land grants. His land grant was first called "Rancho Posolmi", named in honor of Posolmi village of the
Ohlonethat once stood in the area. "Rancho Posolmi" was later known as "Rancho Ynigo".
In 1844, Martin Jr. and Mary Murphy left
Missouriand traveled by wagonalong the California Trailto successfully cross the Sierra Nevada. In 1850, Martin Murphy Jr. bought a piece of "Rancho Pastoria de las Borregas" for $12,500. Murphy established a wheat farm and "Bay View". Murphy had the first frame house, which was shipped from New England, in Santa Clara County built. When he died in 1884, his land was divided among his heirs.
In 1860, The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad agreed to use "Murphy Station" and was allowed to lay tracks on "Bay View". "Lawrence Station" was later established on the southern edge of "Bay View".
In the 1870s, county property tax laws, imports and soil degradation caused wheat farming to become uneconomical in Santa Clara County. Small fruit orchards replaced the large wheat farms. In 1871, James and Eloise Dawson established the first fruit cannery in Santa Clara County. Fruit agriculture and canning soon became a major industry in the county. The invention of the refrigerated rail car further increased the viability of an economy based upon fruit. The fruit orchards become so prevalent that in 1886, the San Jose Board of Trade called Santa Clara County the "Garden of the World".
In the 1880s, Chinese workers made up 48% of the farm labor in Santa Clara County. This percentage reduced over time after the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed. In the following decade, the 1890s, multitudes of immigrants from
Italy, the Azores, Portugal, and Japanarrived to work in the orchards.
In 1897, Walter Everett Crossman bought 200 acres (809,000 m²) and began selling real estate. He advertised the area as "Beautiful Murphy". Later, in the 1900s, real estate developer Walter Crossman described it as "the City of Destiny".
Also in 1897, Encina school opened as the first school in Murphy. Previously, children in the town had to travel to Mountain View for school.
In 1901, the residents of Murphy were informed they could not use the names Encinal or Murphy for their post office. They decided to use the name Sunnyvale for the name of their town.
Sunnyvale continued to grow and in 1904,
dried fruitproduction began. In 1906, the Joshua Hendy Iron Worksrelocated from San Francisco to Sunnyvale after the company's building was destroyed by fire after the 1906 earthquake. The ironworks was the first non-agricultural industry in the town. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works switched from producing mining equipment to other products such as marine steam engines. In this same year, Libby, McNeill & Libby, a Chicagomeat-packing company, decided to open its first fruit packing factory in Sunnyvale. Today, a water tower painted to resemble the first Libby's fruit cocktail can label identifies the former site of the factory.
In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted to incorporate, and Sunnyvale finally became an official city.
Fremont High School first opened in 1923. It served as a military base before the school opened and through WWII; planes flying to/from Moffett field, which opened in 1933, commonly stopped here for fuel top-offs. A 1948 yearbook shows a military aircraft parked at one of the buildings as students watch nearby. Fremont High School has old military buildings on its campus including a
Quonset hutinstalled after WWII, now used as a wrestling team facility.
In 1939, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, the forerunner of
NASA) began research at Ames Laboratory.
came to Sunnyvale to fill this void of workers.
Following the war, the fruit orchards and
sweetcornfarms were cleared to build homes, factories and offices. In 1956, the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed moved its headquarters to Sunnyvale. In 1969, AMDwas founded and based in Sunnyvale.
The first prototype of "
Pong", one of the first arcade videogames, was installed in Sunnyvale in September 1972, in a bar named Andy Capps, [ [http://www.arcade-history.com/?n=pong&page=detail&id=2007 "Pong, video game"] at arcade-history.com] [Scott Cohen, "Zap! The Rise and Fall of Atari", ISBN 0070115435 (McGraw-Hill, 1984)] now Rooster T. Feathers. [ [http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&ct=res&cd=1&url=http%3A%2F%2Fsunnyvale.ca.gov%2FNR%2Frdonlyres%2FC16EEEB1-3A82-41D5-90EF-7D16321DC754%2F0%2Fsvalebikeflyer.pdf&ei=XRuqSKD6JoSs8ASYwLgo&usg=AFQjCNHIoLlnlDRCdNQVJTcI6AWI2-e1Nw&sig2=J5kI_wJvwQ6As6-gKphQdQ City of Sunnyvale Heritage Bicycle Tours] ]
By 2003, the few remaining orchards owned by C.J. Olson and the commercial orchards next to Las Palmas Park were demolished and replaced with homes and shops. However, there are still city-owned orchards, such as the Heritage Orchard next to the Sunnyvale Community Center.
In 2003 the enclosed "Sunnyvale Town Center Mall", built in 1979, was slated to be replaced by a mixed-use shopping and residential development (somewhat akin to a smaller-version Santana Row in San Jose); and was expected to extend the success of S. Murphy Avenue and reestablish a "downtown" for Sunnyvale. The proposed "Silicon Valley Wave Mall" project stalled in 2005. In 2007, the City Council approved the transfer of the project and the property to a new developer. Primary demolition has been finished, and the new parking garage west of Macy's is structurally complete and is slated to open in October of 2008. Five-story office towers are underway and tractors are constantly at work on the project. The two anchor stores (Macy's and Target) at either end of the vacant land are still open for business. In addition, there is still the adjacent block-long traditional downtown area on S. Murphy Avenue (between Evelyn and Washington) with popular restaurants and stores. The new project is to be called "The Shops at Downtown Sunnyvale" and is scheduled to open Fall 2009. Advertising of the apartments to be located on upper levels of buildings has begun and planning is underway for further apartments on the site of demolished components of the adjacent "Town and Country Center." To be Dubed "The Terraces" [ [http://www.retailwestinc.com Retail West Inc ] ]
In September 2008, the
Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museumwas dedicated and opened to the general public.
of any race.
There were 52,539 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 41.3% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.5 males.
Under the 2000 Census, the median
incomefor a household in the city was $74,409, and the median income for a family was $81,634, but under the Census Bureau's 2006 estimates, these figures have risen to $79,926 and $98,568, respectively. [ [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US0660018&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US06%7C16000US0660018&_street=&_county=sunnyvale&_cityTown=sunnyvale&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2006_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null®=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Sunnyvale city, California: 2006 American Community Survey] (U.S. Census Bureau)]
Under the 2000 Census, males had a median income of $65,165 versus $43,051 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $36,524. About 3.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Sunnyvale is located in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat
Elaine Alquist, and in the 22nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Sally Lieber. Federally, Sunnyvale is located in California's 14th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +18 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo. The mayor and vice-mayor of Sunnyvale are not directly elected. Instead they are selected from the city council members by the city council, serving two-year and one-year terms, respectively.
Sunnyvale has several neighborhoods, and while they are not "official" enough to be named on a map, they are the principal designations that are used by the many neighborhood associations recognized by the city. [ [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Office+of+the+City+Manager/Community+Resources/Community+Outreach/2)+Neighborhood+Associations.htm City of Sunnyvale Neighborhood Associations] ] These neighborhoods include
* Birdland - a residential area with streets named after birds, primarily containing single family homes, occupying the south-easternmost section of the city.
* Lakewood Village - a residential area in the north-eastern section of the city surrounding Lakewood Park, and primarily consisting of single family homes and mobile homes.
* Heritage District - a residential and commercial area in the central part of the city, including the downtown shopping area commonly referred to as the Town Center.
* Cherry Chase - a residential area primarily consisting of single-family homes in the western part of the city, centered around the Cherry Chase Elementary School.
The City of Sunnyvale maintains a neighborhood association registry.
The southern half of Sunnyvale is predominantly residential, while most of the portion of Sunnyvale north of U.S. Highway 101 is zoned for industrial use. [ [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/NR/rdonlyres/13C6FE4D-96D6-48D7-86A9-7545A56A336D/0/ZoningNorthof101.pdf City of Sunnyvale Zoning Map] , north of 101]
The far eastern section of El Camino Real in Sunnyvale has a significant concentration of businesses owned by South Indian immigrants. [ [http://www.hindu.com/mag/2004/05/02/stories/2004050200610800.htm A `Little Madras' here too ....] , "The Hindu", Online edition of India's National Newspaper,
May 2, 2004(article about the South Indian business district along El Camino Real in Sunnyvale)]
The area of the city bounded by Fremont Avenue & Cupertino to the South, and Los Altos to the West, is considered to be more desirable to reside as measured by home values.Fact|date=July 2007
There are many parks in the Sunnyvale Area. These include Las Palmas Park, [Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, [http://www.sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Parks+and+Recreation/Parks/Las+Palmas+Park.htm Las Palmas Park] ] Ortega Park, [Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, [http://www.sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Parks+and+Recreation/Parks/Ortega+Park.htm Ortega Park] ] Washington Park [Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Parks+and+Recreation/Parks/Washington+Park.htm Washington Park] ] near downtown, two public golf courses, [Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Parks+and+Recreation/Parks/Golf+Courses.htm Sunnyvale Golf Courses] ] and Baylands Park, [Sunnyvale Department of Parks and Recreation, [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Parks+and+Recreation/Parks/Baylands/ Baylands Park] ] site of the annual
Sunnyvale is served by the
Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority(both light railand buses) and the Caltraincommuter rail. The SR 85, US 101, SR 237, and I-280 freeways run through the city. A segment of State Route 82 runs through the center of the city, following the path of historic El Camino Real. Sunnyvale has also been listed by the League of American Bicyclistsas a [http://www.bicyclefriendlycommunity.org/AllBicycleFriendlyCommunities.htm Bicycle Friendly Community] at the bronze level, having multiple on-street and off-street bike lanes, bicycle-activated traffic signals, and bicycle accommodations on both VTA and Caltrain. The [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/City+Council/Boards+and+Commissions/Bicycle+and+PED/ Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee] advises the city council on the continued development of the bicycle plan for the city.
Sunnyvale has wide and well maintained roads. Most large streets, such as El Camino Real, have a large, landscaped center median.
For commercial passenger air travel, Sunnyvale is well served by three nearby international airports. The closest, Norman Y. Mineta
San Jose International Airport(SJC) is a 9.5 mile drive from downtown Sunnyvale by car. It is also accessible by Caltrain, VTA light rail and VTA bus (with both the Caltrain and Light Rail stations requiring transfer to a free shuttle bus to get to the airport terminal). The next closest is San Francisco International Airport(SFO), which is 27.7 miles by car. SFO is also transit accessible via Caltrain and Bay Area Rapid Transit(BART). The Metropolitan Oakland International Airport(OAK), which is 37.5 miles by car. Access to Oakland airport by public transit is possible via multiple transfers.
Sunnyvale has consistently ranked as one of the safest ten cities (for cities of similar size) in the United States according to the FBI's crime reports. From 1966 to at least 2004, Sunnyvale never placed below fifth in safety rankings among U.S. cities in its population class. [ [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/News+Releases/2004+News+Releases/July+to+December/11-08.htm City of Sunnyvale News Release No. 11-08] ,
November 22, 2004] In 2005, Sunnyvale ranked as the 18th-safest city overall in the U.S., according to the Morgan Quitno Awards. [Morgan Quitno Awards, [http://www.morganquitno.com/cit05pop.htm#CITIES "11th Annual America's Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities"] (undated)] In spite of this ranking, Sunnyvale does have some gangcrime. The primary sources of this type of crime is the Norteño affiliated Varrio Via Sol, and the Sureñoaffiliated Sunnyvale Sur Trece. [ [http://www.svcn.com/archives/sunnyvalesun/20050427/sv-cover.shtml "Gang Related: Sunnyvale is trying to prevent gang involvenment" (sic)] , The Sun, April 27, 2005]
The gang activity is considered far below that of street gangs located in Southern California and is addressed by the city through after-school programs and a "Zero Tolerance" policy for gang-related crimes. [ [http://www.usmayors.org/USCM/best_practices/community_policing_2006/gangBP_2006.pdf "Best Practices of Community Policing in: Gang Intervention and Gang Violence (2006)"] , U.S. Conference of Mayors: Best Practices Center (2006), at pp. 133-34]
A long standing legend of Sunnyvale is of a ghost that haunts the town's Toys 'R' Us store. A purported psychic, Sylvia Browne, claims to have made contact with the ghost on the 1978 TV show "That's Incredible" and has named him Johny Johnson. She claims that he had been a farm hand who worked in the orchard where the toy store now stands. She says he bled to death from an accidental, self-inflicted axe injury to his leg. [ [http://www.snopes.com/horrors/ghosts/toysrus.htm "Haunted Toys 'R' Us"] , snopes.com,
January 16, 2007, citing Gina Boubion, "Ghost Lets Playful Side Show in Pranks at Haunted Toy Store", The Houston Chronicle, April 26, 1993, p. A2; and Dan Koeppel, "Ghost Sightings Aren't Spooking Sales at Toys 'R' Us", Chicago Tribune, June 23, 1991, p. C8] [ Ghost Research Society, [http://www.ghostresearch.org/ghostpics/toys_r_us.html Toys 'R Us Ghost] ]
* Francie Larrieu Smith (Olympic runner) attended Fremont High School.
Teri Hatcher(actress on television's " Desperate Housewives" and "") was raised in Sunnyvale. She attended Mango Junior High School (now known as Sunnyvale Middle School) and Fremont High School.
Brian Boitano(Olympic figure skater) is from Sunnyvale and attended Ponderosa Elementary School.
Andrew Fire(2006 Nobel Laureatein medicine) grew up in Sunnyvale, where he attended Fremont High School, Mango Junior High School (now Sunnyvale Middle School), and Hollenbeck Elementary School (now Challenger Private School).
Landon Curt Noll(astronomer, cryptographer and mathematician) youngest to world record for the largest known prime3 times.
Troy Tulowitzki(Major League Baseball player for the Colorado Rockies) grew up in Sunnyvale. He attended Columbia Middle School and Fremont High School.
Tully Banta-Cain(linebacker for the San Francisco 49ers) attended Fremont High School.
Peter Ueberroth(former Major League Baseball Commissioner and organizer of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games) attended Fremont High School (Sunnyvale, California).
unnyvale in popular culture
* Sunnyvale is a subject of interest for "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" and "Angel" fans, as "Sunny"d"ale" is the name of the show's fictional town. One of the show's authors even created a faux website that gave Sunnydale the same
ZIP Codeas Sunnyvale.
*In the 1980s movie "
WarGames", the game company "Protovision" and NORAD's space division are located in Sunnyvale.
*Sunnyvale was the location of the GAP store in the famous
Gap Girls Saturday Night Liveskits starring Chris Farley, Adam Sandler, and David Spade.
*Sunnyvale's name was also used in the movie
* Sunnyvale was the setting for the 1993 made-for-TV movie "I Can Make You Love Me" starring
Brooke Shieldsand Richard Thomas. The film was based on the real-life office shooting that occurred on February 17, 1988 at Sunnyvale defense contractor ESL. Richard Farley, a disgruntled former employee who was obsessed with co-worker Laura Black, shot and killed 7 workers and wounded 4 more before surrendering to authorities.
* Sunnyvale Trailer Park is the fictional setting of the popular Canadian television comedy series
Trailer Park Boys.
San Jose, California
Santa Clara, California
* [http://www.sunnyvale.ca.gov/ City of Sunnyvale]
* [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Library/Community+Profile.htm Sunnyvale Community Profile]
* [http://www.sunnyvalelibrary.org/ Sunnyvale Public Library]
* [http://sunnyvale.ca.gov/Departments/Library/Timeline.htm Sunnyvale Historical Timeline]
* [http://www.tka.org/ The King's Academy]
* [http://www.elcaminohospital.org/library El Camino Hospital Health Library & Resource Center]
* [http://www.topix.com/city/sunnyvale-ca Sunnyvale Community News]
* [http://www.heritageparkmuseum.org Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum]
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