:"Distinguish from the word
holism, which describes properties of systems."In contemporary modern English "-holic" is a suffixthat can be added to a subject to denote an addictionto it. The term is derived from alcoholism, one of the first addictions to be widely identified both medically and socially.
It should be noted that the word "alcoholism" is broken up into the root, "alcohol", and the suffix "-ism", not "alco" and "-holism". The suffix "-holism" is truly a new invention, having taken the syllable "hol" directly from the root word. The morphemic breakdown of the word "alcohol" is actually from Arabic "al", meaning "the" and "kuhul" meaning "paint". [ [http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=alcohol&searchmode=none Online Etymology Dictionary : alcohol] ]
:(Another example of false splitting of a compound word is splitting '
helicopter' (correctly etymologically 'helico-pter' = "turning wing") into 'heli + copter', from which came ' heliport' and 'jetcopter [ [http://airstarintl.com/turbine.html jetcopter] ] '.)
The term "-holism" is not an accepted medical term, but is a fairly prominent
neologism. As such, despite its widespread usage, it lacks a formal definition. The term can be used in many ways ranging from describing a physical or psychological dependency to something (ex. sexaholism [ [http://www.authorsden.com/visit/viewarticle.asp?AuthorID=1367&id=16843 Sexaholism: The Closet Addiction (article) by Niki Collins-Queen on AuthorsDen:January 29, 2005] ] [ [http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a742021601~db=all~jumptype=rss Sexaholism: A Perspective - Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention:(Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, Volume 13, Issue 1 January 2006 , pages 69 - 94)] ] ), to a tendency to do something obsessively (ex. workaholism[ [http://www.managementhelp.org/prsn_wll/wrkholic.htm] (blank page?)] , shopaholism [ [http://web.mit.edu/cultureshock/fa2003/essays/prachi.html Culture Shock:Shopaholism (by Prachi Thanawala}] ] ). "-Holism" can also be used by someone to express a strong passion for or interest in something. For example, professional wrestler Chris Jerichowould refer to his fans as Jerichoholics [ [http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/archive/celebrityduets WWE: Inside WWE > News > Archive > Chris Jericho to rock Celebrity Duets:By: Jen Hunt Written: August 23, 2006] ] .
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