Hollister, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hollister, California
settlement_type = City


imagesize =
image_caption =
image_



imagesize =
image_caption =
image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in San Benito County and the state of California


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = California
subdivision_name2 = San Benito
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
established_date =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 17
area_total_sq_mi = 6.6
area_land_km2 = 17
area_land_sq_mi = 6.6
area_water_km2 = 0
area_water_sq_mi = 0
elevation_ft = 289
elevation_m = 88
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 34,413
population_metro =
population_density_km2 = 2024.3
population_density_sq_mi = 5214.1
timezone = Pacific (PST)
utc_offset = -8
latd = 36 |latm = 50 |lats = 50 |latNS = N
longd = 121 |longm = 23 |longs = 54 |longEW = W
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 95023-95024
area_code = 831
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-34120
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1658766
footnotes =
website =
were the first known inhabitants of the Hollister region.

The town, then located in Monterey County, was founded November 19, 1868 originally as the San Justo Homestead Association, established by William Welles Hollister (1818-1886), a group that originally intended to name it San Justo. An association member, Napa vintner Henry Hagen, objected. Hagen argued that place names in California were dominated by Spanish saint names, and suggested that the state should have a town named after someone less holy. The City was incorporated on August 29, 1872. The western portion of San Benito County, including Hollister, was separated from Monterey County in 1874. The county was expanded eastward in 1887 to include portions taken from Merced and Fresno Counties.

Geology

Hollister is well-known among geologists because it portrays one of the best examples of aseismic creep anywhere in the world. The Calaveras Fault (a branch of the San Andreas Fault system) bisects the city north and south, roughly along Locust Ave./Powell St. The streets running east/west across the fault have significant visible offsets. The fault runs directly under several houses. Even though they are visibly contorted the houses are still habitable as the owners have reinforced them to withstand the dislocation of their foundations. Although there was extensive damage in the town after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, this was due to a slip of the San Andreas Fault and was not related to the aseismic creep on the Calaveras Fault.

Hollister is one of at least three California towns claiming the title of "Earthquake Capital of the World" [http://erp-web.er.usgs.gov/reports/abstract/1997/nc/g3125.htm] , two others being Coalinga and Parkfield.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 34,413 people, 9,716 households, and 8,044 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,237.7 people per square mile (2,022.4/km²). There were 9,924 housing units at an average density of 1,510.5/sq mi (583.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.11% White, 1.36% African American, 1.13% Native American, 2.80% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 29.97% from other races, and 5.44% from two or more races. 55.06% of the population were Hispanic or of Latino of any race.

There were 9,716 households out of which 52.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 3.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,104, and the median income for a family was $57,494. Males had a median income of $41,971 versus $28,277 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,857. About 6.9% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Hollister is located in the 12th Senate District, represented by Republican Jeff Denham, and in the 28th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Anna M. Caballero. Federally, Hollister is located in California's 17th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D +17 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2007-10-20] and is represented by Democrat Sam Farr.

Media

Print

Hollister has two local newspapers, both published by the Gilroy-based Mainstreet Media Group:
*The "Hollister Free Lance" is issued Tuesdays and Fridays.
*"The Pinnacle" is issued Fridays.

Broadcast

Two radio stations are licensed to Hollister:
*KMPG, at 1520 AM daytime, plays regional Mexican music;
*KHRI, at 90.7 FM, is an affiliate of Air 1 playing contemporary Christian music;
*KXSM, at 93.5 FM, broadcasts a regional Mexican format.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Major highways

*State Route 25 runs northwestward to Gilroy and southeastward to Pinnacles National Monument and Coalinga (the latter via State Route 198). Route 25 through Hollister was until 1984 defined under State law as a segment of State Route 180. [cite web |author=Daniel P. Faigin |url=http://cahighways.org/025-032.html#025 |title="Routes 25 through 32" |accessdate=2008-02-12 |format= |work=California Highways ]
*State Route 156 runs westward to Monterey Bay and northeastward to Los Banos in the Central Valley (via State Route 152).

Public transportation

*San Benito County Express provides local service within Hollister, regional service to San Juan Bautista and Gilroy, on-request "Dial-a-Ride" service, and paratransit. [cite web |url=http://www.sanbenitocountyexpress.org/intercounty.html |title="San Benito County Express - Intercounty" |accessdate=2008-02-12 |format= |work= |publisher=San Benito County Express]
*Amtrak California operates a bus connection to Merced's stop on the San Joaquins passenger rail line. [cite web |url=http://amtrakcalifornia.com/rail/go/amtrak/routes/san_joaquins/route-map/index.cfm |title="Amtrak California - San Joaquins Route Map" |accessdate=2008-02-12 |format= |work= |publisher=Amtrak California]

Aviation

*Hollister Municipal Airport is a general aviation facility.

Healthcare

The State of California, Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development defines "Hazel Hawkins Memorial Hospital" as a General Acute Care Hospital in Hollister with Basic emergency care as of 08/22/2006. The facility is located in California Health Service Area 8 near (NAD83) latitude/longitude of coor dms|36|50|02|N|121|23|10|W.

Motorcycle Rally

The city has been the site of annual motorcycle rallies around July Fourth for many years. The riot at the 1947 event was the basis for the 1954 film "The Wild One". The rally took its present incarnation in 1997, and is known as the Hollister Independence Rally. The event was canceled in 2006 due to lack of funding for security, but returned in 2007. The format of the rally in 2007 differed markedly from previous rallies, with vendors on San Benito Street instead of motorcycles. The bikes were pushed to side streets. [http://www.ktvu.com/news/7105424/detail.html] [http://www.horsepowerpromotions.com/bikes/07HOLLISTER/hollister.html]

ister Cities

* Takino, Hyōgo

References

External links

*Virtual tours of the Calaveras Fault:* [http://www.amsky.com/~rsduhamel/hollister A Virtual Tour of Hollister, California and the Calaveras Fault] :* [http://sepwww.stanford.edu/oldsep/joe/fault_images/Hollister.html A walking tour of the Calaveras fault in Hollister, California] :* [http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/ghayes/holliste.htm Geology Dept., Modesto Junior College]


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