Murrieta, California

City of Murrieta
—  City  —
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°34′10″N 117°12′9″W / 33.56944°N 117.2025°W / 33.56944; -117.2025Coordinates: 33°34′10″N 117°12′9″W / 33.56944°N 117.2025°W / 33.56944; -117.2025
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Government
 – City Council Mayor Kelly Bennett
Rick Gibbs
Randon Lane
Douglas McAllister
 – City Manager Rick Dudley
 – Treasurer / Finance Director Suzanne Wellcome
 – City Clerk Kay Vinson
Area[1]
 – Total 33.613 sq mi (87.058 km2)
 – Land 33.577 sq mi (86.964 km2)
 – Water 0.036 sq mi (0.094 km2)  0.11%
Elevation 1,096 ft (334 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 103,466
 – Rank 4th in Riverside County
62nd in California
265th in the United States
 – Density 3,078.2/sq mi (1,188.5/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 – Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92562-92564
Area code(s) 951
FIPS code 06-50076
GNIS feature ID 1667919
Website http://www.murrieta.org/
Westward view of Murrieta/Temecula.

Murrieta is a city in southwestern Riverside County, California, United States. The population of Murrieta was 103,466 at the 2010 census. Murrieta experienced over a 100% population increase between 2000 and 2010 according to the most recent census, making Murrieta one of the fastest growing cities in the state. Largely residential in character, Murrieta is considered a commuter town, with many of its residents commuting to jobs in San Diego County, Orange County, the more commercialized neighboring city of Temecula to the south, and Camp Pendleton.

Murrieta is bordered by Temecula to the south and the newly incorporated cities of Menifee and Wildomar to the north.

Murrieta is distinct from Rancho Murieta, a census-designated place (CDP) and guard-gated community in Sacramento County, California, United States, which was founded by Esequial Murrieta, unrelated to Southern California bandit Joaquin Murrieta.

Contents

History

For most of its history Murrieta was not heavily populated. Its gently rolling hills dotted with native trees (such as the now-threatened Engelmann Oak) encouraged a Spaniard named Esequial Murrieta to purchase the Rancho Pauba and Rancho Temecula Mexican land grants, comprising 52,000 acres (210 km2) in the area, intending to bring his sheep raising business to California. Instead, he returned to Spain and turned the land over to his younger brother, Juan Murrieta (1844–1936), who brought 100,000 sheep to the valley in 1873.[2][3] Using the ample meadows to feed his sheep.

Others discovered the beauty of the valley after the construction of a depot in 1882 that connected Murrieta to the Southern California Railroad's transcontinental route. By 1890 some 800 people lived in Murrieta.[4]

It is said that Juan Murrieta used the natural hot springs to bathe his sheep; eventually the hot springs became a focal point for the town. Murrieta residents capitalized on the springs by developing them into the Murrieta Hot Springs Resort, which attracted visitors from all over the country. Today much of the site (about 50 acres) is home to a Bible college and conference center, owned by Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa, which has invested millions of dollars into restoring and rebuilding the old resort rooms.[5]

When the trains stopped in 1935, tourists - the lifeblood of the town - were much harder to come by. The boom that Murrieta had experienced due to the train and the hot springs gradually died, leaving Murrieta as a small country town.[6]

Although US Route 395 did pass through Murrieta, it wasn't until Interstate 15 was built in the early 1980s that another boom began to take hold. By the late 1980s suburban neighborhoods were being constructed, and people migrated to the Murrieta area from San Diego, Riverside, and Orange Counties as the population grew rapidly.[7]

In 1990 residents began a campaign for cityhood that resulted in the establishing of the City of Murrieta on July 1, 1991. By then the population had increased from 2,200 in 1980 to 24,000.

Between 1991 and 2007 the city's population further increased to an estimated 97,257 residents, and at the 2010 United States Census was 103,466, making it the largest city in Southwest Riverside County.[8]


Geography

Murrieta is located at 33°34′10″N 117°12′9″W / 33.56944°N 117.2025°W / 33.56944; -117.2025 (33.569566, -117.202453).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.6 square miles (87.1 km²), of which, 99.89% of it is land and 0.11% is water.

Climate

Climate data for Murrieta, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 67
(19)
66
(19)
72
(22)
73
(23)
78
(26)
83
(28)
91
(33)
91
(33)
89
(32)
79
(26)
74
(23)
66
(19)
77.4
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
41
(5)
45
(7)
48
(9)
52
(11)
55
(13)
62
(17)
61
(16)
57
(14)
52
(11)
46
(8)
40
(4)
50
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.22
(81.8)
4.16
(105.7)
.94
(23.9)
.73
(18.5)
.24
(6.1)
.01
(0.3)
.07
(1.8)
.01
(0.3)
.14
(3.6)
1.32
(33.5)
1.18
(30)
3.54
(89.9)
15.56
(395.2)
Source: weaathercurrents.com [10]

Murrieta has a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csa). Murrieta has plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.[11]

The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 77 - 91°F and lows of 44 - 60°F. The period of November through March is somewhat rainy, as shown in the table to left.[12]

The city is also subject to the phenomenon typical of a microclimate: temperatures can vary as much as 18°F (10°C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes gives overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but usually gives sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.

Murrieta averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Snowfall is extremely rare in the city basin, but the nearby mountains slopes typically receive snowfall every winter.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[13] reported that Murrieta had a population of 103,466. The population density was 3,078.1 people per square mile (1,188.5/km²). The racial makeup of Murrieta was 72,137 (69.7%) White, 5,601 (5.4%) African American, 741 (0.7%) Native American, 9,556 (9.2%) Asian, 391 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 8,695 (8.4%) from other races, and 6,345 (6.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26,792 persons (25.9%).

The Census reported that 103,037 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 291 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 138 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 32,749 households, out of which 15,863 (48.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 20,577 (62.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,814 (11.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,642 (5.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,626 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 192 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,208 households (15.9%) were made up of individuals and 2,248 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15. There were 26,033 families (79.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.51.

The population was spread out with 31,471 people (30.4%) under the age of 18, 9,891 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 28,144 people (27.2%) aged 25 to 44, 23,555 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,405 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

There were 35,294 housing units at an average density of 1,050.0 per square mile (405.4/km²), of which 23,110 (70.6%) were owner-occupied, and 9,639 (29.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.8%. 73,518 people (71.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29,519 people (28.5%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 44,282 people, 14,320 households, and 11,699 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,560.0 people per square mile (602.2/km²). There were 14,921 housing units at an average density of 525.6 per square mile (202.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.6% White, 3.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.8% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.5% of the population.

There were 14,320 households out of which 47.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.1 and the average family size was 3.4.

33.7% of the population of the city was under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $78,883, and the median income for a family was $90,930.[15] Males had a median income of $49,107 versus $32,468 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,290. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Murrieta is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, and in the 64th and 66th Assembly Districts, represented by Republicans John J. Benoit and Kevin Jeffries respectively. Federally, Murrieta is located in California's 45th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3[16] and is represented by Republican Mary Bono Mack. The current mayor of Murrieta is Randon Lane.

Economy

Top employers

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[17] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Murrieta Valley Unified School District 1,900
2 Southwest Healthcare System 1,500
3 Target 500
4 City of Murrieta 401
5 Wal-Mart 340
6 The Home Depot 295
7 Oak Grove Center 245
8 County of Riverside 220
9 Sam's Club 220
10 Lowe's 200

Public services

Transportation

Murrieta is served by two major interstate freeways. I-215 runs through the eastern portion of the city, and I-15 runs through the western portion of the city. US Route 395 passes through the city and California State Route 79 defines much of the city's eastern border. The Riverside Transit Agency provides limited public transportation options with routes connecting in several areas of the city.[18] Proposals currently exist which may position the city to play host to the high speed rail that voters approved in 2008 with Prop 1A.[19] This active HSR station is projected to handle 8,000 daily riders. The program-level HSR route alignment has placed this station between Murrieta and Temecula near the I-15 and I-215 freeway interchange.[20]

The neighboring unincorporated community of French Valley hosts the largest general aviation airport in southwest Riverside County.[21]

Public safety

Murrieta had an all-volunteer fire department for almost 39 years. In 1987 it became a fully-fledged municipal fire prevention district, the only one in southwestern Riverside County.

The Murrieta Fire Department also has been the primary paramedic service provider for the city since 2000.

The Murrieta Police Department was created in 1992, with the encouragement of Riverside County Sheriff Cois Byrd; it is the only municipal police department in Southwest Riverside County. As of 2011 the department had about 100 officers, headed by Chief of Police Mark Wright.

Crime

Murrieta is the safest city in Riverside County and in 2009 Murrieta was listed as the second safest city (over 100,000 in population) in the United States, behind Irvine, California.[22]

Health

Murrieta has two hospitals. The new Loma Linda Medical Center and Rancho Springs Medical Center.

Education

The city of Murrieta is served by the Murrieta Valley Unified School District (MVUSD). The district contains eleven elementary (K-5) schools, three middle (6-8) schools, three comprehensive high (9-12) schools (Murrieta Valley High School, Vista Murrieta High School, Murrieta Mesa High School), one continuation school (Creekside High School), and one independent study school. Because of the explosive growth in the area, an additional elementary school, middle school, and high school have been proposed. Murrieta Mesa High School opened its doors in the 2009-2010 school year to its first classes of freshmen and sophomores.[23] The Calvary Chapel Bible College, built upon the old Murrieta Hot Springs resort, and its affiliated private comprehensive (K-12) school Calvary Chapel Murrieta also serve the Murrieta community. The Menifee campus of Mt. San Jacinto College is the nearest community college and the University of California, Riverside (UCR) is the nearest public university. The city is also the location of a University of Phoenix learning center, as well as an Azusa Pacific University satellite campus.

Cemetery

Laurel Cemetery (also known as Murrieta Cemetery) is located near the southwest city limits.[24][25]

The Golden Triangle

Situated between Murrieta Hot Springs Road and the junction of I-15 and I-215, a triangle-shaped piece of commercial real estate dubbed the "Golden Triangle" has been subject to numerous proposed commercial ventures in recent decades, though it remains undeveloped. The most recent plans set forth called for the development of a first-class upscale shopping destination on the site. The plans included a multi-screen movie theater, outdoor plaza, multiple restaurants, a 250 room hotel with a conference center, 24-hour entertainment facility, parking garages holding upwards of 4,700 cars, and multi-level commercial office buildings. The area is also a proposed site for a train station on California's planned high speed rail system. Previous failed plans for the site have included an indoor shopping mall (eventually lost to Temecula as The Promenade), amusement park, ice rink, museum, and sports stadium. The failure of previous plans to come to fruition has made the site controversial and plans for the site are often publicly scrutinized. Nevertheless, if completed, the proposed $300 million-plus plans would make the site the largest shopping area in Murrieta and a regional hub for business and commerce.[26] The proposal stalled as the national recession took hold, but is expected to resume once the property owner secures new financial backing.[27]

Veterans Memorial

The Town Square, which is still under development and is home to the Murrieta Police Department, Murrieta Public Library, City Hall, and a senior center, is also home to a new memorial for military veterans. At a cost of $2 million, with the city providing $500,000 in start up fees, the memorial features an honor garden, memorial obelisk, and a World War II memorial wall.[28]

Entertainment

Golf

Murrieta has three golf courses within the city limits. Bear Creek Golf & Country Club is located within the gated residential community of Bear Creek. It is a private 18-hole course designed by Jack Nicklaus at which Presidents Ronald Reagan and Gerald Ford have played.[29] The California Oaks Golf Course is located within The Colony, a gated senior residential community, and is a public 18-hole course.[30] SCGA Golf Course is an SCGA members public 18-hole course located on the east side of the city.[31]

Television station

The area of southwest Riverside County is served by the TV station Channel 27. Due to financial hardship, the station has recently laid off a portion of its employees.[32]

Youth sports

Murrieta has several youth sports programs, affording area children extra-curricular sports options such as soccer, baseball, football (flag, Jr. All-American, and Pop Warner), street hockey, and cheerleading.[33] Southern California Golf Schools also offer the Southern California Junior Golfers Players' Club.[34]

Other diversions

Murrieta has a Mulligan Family Fun Center, with miniature golf, go kart racing, laser tag, and an arcade.[35] A movie theater and additional go kart track, Pole Position, also offer additional entertainment options in the city. Annually, both Murrieta and neighboring Temecula share the Rod Run, a classic car event where classic car owners and enthusiasts can showcase and enjoy hundreds of classic cars.

Outside the city limits there are the Santa Rosa Plateau, Temecula Valley Wine Country, and Lake Skinner. The Santa Rosa Plateau, an ecological reserve which is jointly owned by county and state governments, a private conservation group, and the local water district, is just outside the city to the west. Visitors can observe endangered wildlife, both flora and fauna (including the threatened Engleman Oak).[36] Temecula Valley Wine Country is located approximately 10 miles southeast of Murrieta, and has over 30 wineries. Lake Skinner offers sailing, fishing, swimming, horseback riding, hiking, and developed campsites. The lake hosts the annual Temecula Valley Balloon & Wine Festival, with live entertainment, hot air balloon rides, and wine tasting.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Murrieta History
  3. ^ Juan Murrieta 1844-1936
  4. ^ Murrieta History
  5. ^ Murrieta, California (Images of America Series) ISBN 0738546690
  6. ^ Murrieta History
  7. ^ California Highways (www.cahighways.org): Routes 9 through 16
  8. ^ Murrieta History
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Murrieta California Climate Summary Weather Currents Retrieved 2009-06-03
  11. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=159227&refer=. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  12. ^ www.weather.com
  13. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/STTable?_bm=y&-context=st&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S1901&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-CONTEXT=st&-tree_id=307&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=16000US0650076&-format=&-_lang=en factfinder.census.gov
  16. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Riverside Transit Authority
  19. ^ High Speed Rail
  20. ^ HSR Station Concepts through the Inland Empire
  21. ^ French Valley Airport
  22. ^ Murrieta.org police
  23. ^ Murrieta Unified School District
  24. ^ 33°32′32″N 117°13′19″W / 33.5422479°N 117.2219790°W / 33.5422479; -117.2219790 USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
  25. ^ Laurel Cemetery Find A Grave
  26. ^ Triangle development moving forward
  27. ^ Landowner, consultants recommit to The Triangle
  28. ^ http://www.murrieta.org/veteransmemorial/index.asp
  29. ^ [2]
  30. ^ [3]
  31. ^ [4]
  32. ^ TV Station cuts back
  33. ^ Murrieta Community Services
  34. ^ Southern California Golf Schools
  35. ^ Family Fun Center
  36. ^ Santa Rosa Plateau Ecological Reserve
  37. ^ http://www.nctimes.com/news/local/article_14a8c625-dcce-51a9-92d5-7b1f08d69174.html
  38. ^ http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1138361/index.htm
  39. ^ http://www.pe.com/sports/breakout/stories/PE_Sports_Local_S_hope_sidebar_24.4843e34.html
  40. ^ Tyree Washington
  41. ^ http://wn.com/Ben_Jackson_(gamer)
  42. ^ http://www.pe.com/columns/carllove/stories/PE_News_Local_S_slove24.40c6cb7.html

External links



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