Precision (information retrieval)

In the field of information retrieval, precision is the percent of retrieved documents that are relevant to the search:

: mbox{precision}=frac{|{mbox{retrieved documents}}

Precision takes all retrieved documents into account, but it can also be evaluated at a given cut-off rank, considering only the topmost results returned by the system. This measure is called precision at n or P@n.

Precision is also used with recall, the percent of "all" relevant documents that is returned by the search. The two measures are sometimes used together in the F1 Score (or f-measure) to provide a single measurement for a system.

Note that the meaning and usage of "precision" in the field of Information Retrieval differs from the definition of accuracy and precision within other branches of science and technology.


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