Henry Holland Buckman
Henry Holland Buckman (1858-1914) was an attorney from
Duval County, Florida, who became a legislatorin the Florida Legislatureand served on the Judiciary Committee. Buckman is known for being the author of the Buckman Act, a 1905 law that created the foundation for higher education in the state of Florida and reorganized higher education into three institutions, segregatedby race and gender, as follows:
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical Universityfor African Americans
Florida State Universityfor Caucasian women
University of Floridafor Caucasian men
The gender separation aspect of the Buckman Act was overturned by the Florida Legislature in 1947 when all universities were made
coeducational. The racial segregation aspect of the Buckman Act was overturned by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Buckman was also instrumental in establishing a state road system in Florida and developing the St. Johns River channel.
Buckman Hallat the University of Florida and the Buckman Bridgein Jacksonville, Floridaare both named for Representative Buckman.The "Henry H. Buckman Lock" is part of the Cross Florida Barge Canalproject, also named in honor of Buckman.
* [http://www.buckman.com/ Buckman website]
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