Cârţa, Harghita

Cârţa is also a commune in Sibiu County, Romania.
Cârţa
Karcfalva
—  Commune  —
Fortified church
Location of Cârţa, Harghita
Coordinates: 46°32′0″N 25°45′0″E / 46.533333°N 25.75°E / 46.533333; 25.75
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 – Mayor Tibor Gábor (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 – Total 78.36 km2 (30.3 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 – Total 5,486
 – Density 36.26/km2 (93.9/sq mi)
Ethnicity[1]
 – Hungarians 99.58%
 – Romanians 0.38%
Religion
 – Roman-Catholic 98.61%
 – Reformed 0.61%
 – Orthodox 0.34%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537035
Area code(s) +40 266

Cârţa (Hungarian: Csíkkarcfalva or Karcfalva, Hungarian pronunciation: [’tʃiːkkɒrtsfɒlvɒ]), is a commune in Romania, located in Harghita County. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The commune is composed of two villages:

  • Cârţa / Karcfalva
  • Ineu / Csíkjenőfalva
  • Tomeşti has been an independent commune since 2004.

Contents

History

The village belonged to the Székely seat of Csíkszék, then from 1876 until 1918 to the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics

It has a population of 5,486, of which 5,464 (99.58%) are Székely Hungarians, forming an absolute majority.

Landmarks

  • Its Roman Catholic church dedicated to honour of Virgin Mary was built around 1448 by rebuilding an older church from donation of John Hunyadi. It was altered in 1720, 1796 and in 1922. Its fortified walls were built in the late 18th, early 19th centuries. The design of the defense corridors is unique in the Székely Land. The church tower was heightened in 1720 and covered with tin sheets in 1850. A great number of pagan ritual objects were found here in 1796 when the church was being altered.
  • Madicsa, a village notable of its mineral water source, lies 4.4 km west of the village. There is a mineral water bath in the village.

Famous people

Twinnings

Hungary Helvécia

External links

References


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