San Fernando, California
official_name = City of San Fernando
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of San Fernando in Los Angeles County,
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Los Angeles
leader_name = Nury Martinez [cite web | url = http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/city_government/city_council/members/index.shtml | title = City of San Fernando: City Government | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
1911-08-31[cite web | url = http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc | title = Incorporation Dates of California Cities | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_total_km2 = 6.18
area_total_sq_mi = 2.38
area_land_km2 = 6.18
area_land_sq_mi = 2.38
area_water_km2 = 0.00
area_water_sq_mi = 0.00
area_water_percent = 0.00
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes = [cite web | url = http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=San%20Fernando%20city&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010 | title = San Fernando city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
population_total = 23,564
population_density_km2 = 3814.9
population_density_sq_mi = 9880.7
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 34 |latm = 17 |lats = 14 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 26 |longs = 20 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 326
elevation_ft = 1070
postal_code = 91340, 91341, 91344-91346 [cite web | url = http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=San%20Fernando | title = USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
area_code = 818 [cite web | url = http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=San%20Fernando | title = Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results | accessdate = 2007-01-18]
website = [http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/ http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/]
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-66140
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652786
San Fernando is a city located in northwestern
Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 23,564 at the 2000 census. The city was named for the nearby Mission San Fernando Rey de España, and is completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, with the districts of Sylmar to the north, Lake View Terrace to the east, Pacoima to the south, and Mission Hills to the west. It is served by the Golden State, Foothill, Ronald Reagan, and San Diego freeways.
While most of the towns in the surrounding
San Fernando Valleyagreed to annexation by Los Angeles in the 1910s, eager to tap the bountiful water supply provided by the newly opened Los Angeles Aqueduct, San Fernando's abundant groundwatersupplies allowed it to remain a separate city. Even as the San Fernando Valley transformed itself from an agricultural area to a suburban one in the decades after World War II, San Fernando retained its independence.
As with much of the San Fernando Valley east of the
San Diego Freeway, the city of San Fernando has seen a significant demographic shift in recent years; declining birth-rates, an aging population of middle-class whites, who once dominated the area in the 1950s, has contributed to the movement into other parts of the San Fernando Valley. There has also been movement into the Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys to the north. Income levels have declined as a result. Latinosbecame the majority. Since late 2004, the city has been going through a series of planning development projects, that can be academically identified as gentrification.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 23,564 people, 5,774 households, and 4,832 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 3,822.7/km² (9,880.7/mi²). There were 5,932 housing units at an average density of 962.3/km² (2,487.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.76% White, 0.98% African American, 1.69% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 49.35% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 89.28% of the population.
There were 5,774 households out of which 52.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.07 and the average family size was 4.33.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,909, and the median income for a family was $40,138. Males had a median income of $26,068 versus $22,599 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $11,485. A major issue state and federal governments need to combat is that about 15.3% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
San Fernando is served by the
Los Angeles Unified School District.
San Fernando is served by:
* [http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/OMelveny_EL O'Melveny Elementary School]
* [http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Morningside_EL/ Morningside Elementary School]
* San Fernando Elementary School
* [http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/San_Fernando_MS San Fernando Middle School]
San Fernando High School
Valley Region High School 5 will open in San Fernando in 2011 [http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=56.40032] .
County of Los Angeles Public Librarysystem operates the San Fernando Library.
In the state legislature San Fernando is located in the 20th Senate District, represented by Democrat
Alex Padilla, and in the 39th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Felipe Fuentes. Federally, San Fernando is located in California's 28th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +25 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Howard Berman.
San Fernando has its own police department, while relying on the Los Angeles Fire Department for their services;a similar idea is also in effect in
Signal Hill, where it relies on the Long Beach Fire Department, while maintaining its own police force.
* [http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/ San Fernando official website]
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