official_name = Lancaster, California
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Lancaster in
Californiaand Los Angeles County
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Los Angeles
R. Rex Parris
established_title = Incorporated
November 22, 1977
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 94.2
area_total_km2 = 243.9
area_land_sq_mi = 94.0
area_land_km2 = 243.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
area_water_km2 = 0.5
area_water_percent = 0.19
population_as_of = 2008
U.S. Census, 2000
population_total = 145,243
population_density_km2 = 487.6
population_density_sq_mi = 1,263.0
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 34 |latm = 41 |lats = 13 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 09 |longs = 15 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 719
elevation_ft = 2359
website = http://www.cityoflancasterca.org
postal_code = 93534-93536, 93539, 93584
area_code = 661
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-40130
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652741
Lancaster is the eighth-largest city in
Los Angeles Countyand the 9th fastest growing city in the United States. Lancaster is located approximately 70 miles (112.5km) north (by road travel) of the city of Los Angelesin Southern California's Antelope Valley. It is separated from the Los Angeles Basinby the San Gabriel Mountain Range to the south and from Bakersfieldand the San Joaquin Valleyby the Tehachapi Mountain Range to the north. The City of Lancaster has grown from 37,000 residents at the time of incorporation in 1977, to an estimated 145,243 residents in 2008 [ [http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1_2006-07/documents/E-1table.xls California Department of Finance 2008 Population Estimate] ] , and is the second-largest city on the California side of the Mojave Desert. As of the 2007 population estimate, the "Palmdale / Lancaster, CA Urbanized Area" (a US Census Bureau defined term) has a population of 446,342.
The community of Lancaster California was settled in the late 19th century by M.L. Wicks, a real estate developer who purchased six sections of land from the
Southern Pacific Railroad(now merged into the Union Pacific Railroad). The origin of the city's name is debated among historians, but it is presumed to be named after Lancaster, Pennsylvaniaor Lancaster, England.
Early in its history, Lancaster was little more than a whistle-stop on the Southern Pacific Railroad between
San Franciscoand Los Angeles, with one hotel, the Gilwyn (known today as the Western Hotel), and a handful of homes. The settlement grew quickly, however, and by 1890, Lancaster was quite prosperous. The town experienced another small boom at the turn of the 20th century when gold and boraxwere discovered simultaneously in the mountains around the Antelope Valley.
The real establishment of the City of Lancaster, however, came with the advent of the
Aerospace Industry. As early in flight history as 1930, the Air Force began conducting flight tests at Muroc Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base) and Lancaster has grown steadily since that time. It is home to many employees of Edwards Air Force Base, as well as to employees of Boeing, Lockheed, and Northrop, all of which have plants in Palmdale at U.S. Air Force Plant 42.
Until it was incorporated, the area was under the political influence of Los Angeles County. Citizens in the area felt a need for better interaction with their policy making body and local control, but feared annexation by nearby Palmdale, (which had already incorporated itself into a city in 1962) and with the work of the local body called Citizens for Incorporation, independent cityhood became a reality for Lancaster in 1977.
The first wave of home buyers to Lancaster from the L.A. area came in the 1970s, known as "escapees" and employees in the booming
aviationindustry. The city grew astoundingly, with the population doubled throughout the 1980s, from 45,000 people to 97,000 by 1990 to make Lancaster a large suburban city.
Since incorporation in 1977, the City of Lancaster has grown in size and diversity. Today, Lancaster, California is the largest city named Lancaster in the world. For a list of others, see
Lancaster (disambiguation). With inexpensive land and business-friendly policies, the City today attracts national and local companies in many businesses and industries as well as families pursuing the American Dream of homeownership in a close community. Throughout its recent growth, the City of Lancaster has retained a family-focused hometown spirit. The median age for residents is 31. The city morphed into one of a bedroom community for urban professionals who drive to work in Los Angeles. The city has also been recently named one of the top 100 most dangerous cities in the United States, ranking "80th". [ [http://www.cqpress.com/pages/153 CQ Press: Safest City Press Release ] ] Until recently, the home values continued to soar to new highs, but have remained fairly affordable compared to most of Southern California. The so called "housing bubble", fueled mostly by subprime mortgage failures, has recently caused a dramatic spike in foreclosures within the city, and thus some property values have begun to fall. [ [http://www.realtytrac.com/MapSearch/MapSearch/MapSearch.aspx?txtCity=Lancaster&txtCity=CA Welcome to RealtyTrac ] ]
Geography and climate
Lancaster is located at coor dms|34|41|13|N|118|9|15|W|city (34.686980, -118.154062).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 94.2 square miles (243.9 km²), of which, 94.0 square miles (243.5 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.19%) is water.
elevationis convert|2500|ft|m above sea level on a high, flat valley surrounded by pristine mountain ranges. The average daytime high in the summertime right around convert|95|°F|°C and the average winter daytime high in the low 60s. Overnight lows during the coldest months (December-March) can dip in the low 20's Fahrenheit. The Antelope Valley is known for its clean air and blue skies. With an average rainfall of less than eight inches (203 mm) , days of sunshine are the norm even in winter, when surrounding mountain ranges are dusted by snow.
With family income above the national average (average family income in Lancaster is $61,298), and housing prices below the state average (the median home price in Lancaster is $302,000), 70% of residents in the City of Lancaster own their own home.
Lancaster has also seen a large growth in business over the past decade, with the establishment of large
distribution centersfor national companies such as Rite Aid, Michaels and Sygma, as well as smaller local businesses and national restaurant chains. The City government has made local business a top priority, offering businesses low-priced land and a streamlined development process with less red tape.
The ‘’’Lancaster Redevelopment Agency ‘’’ is a successful and active
redevelopmentand economic development program in California. It has made a commitment to attracting and retaining a prosperous business community through policies initiated by elected officials and carried out by its staff assisting the business community. The Redevelopment Agency has designated five areas as business and industrial parks in the City of Lancaster: Fox Field Industrial Corridor (adjacent to the General William J. Fox Airfield), North Lancaster Industrial Center, Lancaster Business Park, Enterprise Business Park and the North Valley Industrial Center. The Redevelopment Agency has also been involved in attracting retailand dining to Lancaster Town Center, Front Row Center, and other retail centers throughout the City.
Another focus of the Agency and the City has been the revitalization of Downtown Lancaster. With historic buildings interspersed with modern amenities such as a [http://www.colapublib.org/libs/lancaster/ library] and [http://www.lpac.org/ performing arts center] downtown businesses formed the [http://www.lancasteroldtownsite.com/ Lancaster Old Town Site] (LOTS). LOTS has resulted in the renovation of business facades and attraction of new businesses including
boutiquesand restaurants in the Old Town Area.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 118,718 people, 38,224 households, and 27,674 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 487.6/km² (1,263.0/mi²). There were 41,745 housing units at an average density of 171.5/km² (444.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.82% White, 16.01% African American, 1.02% Native American, 3.81% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 11.11% from other races, and 5.00% from two or more races. 24.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 38,224 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,127, and the median income for a family was $48,276 (Based on [http://www.muninetguide.com/states/california/municipality/Lancaster.php Merrit Research] . Males had a median income of $40,710 versus $27,619 for females ( +/- $3,000 per year). The
per capita incomefor the city was $16,935. 16.4% of the population and 13.8% of families were below the poverty line. 21.9% of those under the age of 18 and 7.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The City of Lancaster is operated on a
City Council/ City Managersystem of government. This system of government provides accountability and responsiveness to the electorate, while maintaining the stability necessary for implementation of a long-term vision.
The Lancaster City Council consists of an elected
Mayorand four elected Council Members. As the City's legislativeand policy entity, the Mayor and Council Members are responsible to the residents of Lancaster for all municipal programs and services as well as for any legislative matters concerning the City. The Council approves and adopts ordinances, resolutions and contracts and enacts regulations and policies. It appoints the City Manager and City Attorney as well as members of commissions and citizen advisory committees that provide broad perspective in the decision-making process. Members of the Council also serve as directors of the Lancaster Redevelopment Agency, the Financing Authority and the Housing Authority.
City Council meetings are held the 2nd and 4th Tuesday of each month, with special or adjourned meetings scheduled as needed. City Council meetings are open to the public and include opportunities for residents to voice concerns and suggestions.
The office of
City Manageris an appointed, long-term professional position. With oversight and direction from the City Council, the City Manager sets and implements policy for the City of Lancaster. The City manager leads the management team to achieve the goals and directives set forth in the City's General Plan and to develop and implement a long-term vision for City growth and achievement.
Assistant City Managers are appointed by the City Manager to manage coordinate, control and direct Administrative Services, and to ensure achievement of operating department goals and objectives.
In April 2008, R. Rex Parris was elected Mayor. Following the election, Mark Bozigian was appointed City Manager.
Law enforcement in Lancaster is provided by contract with the
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. The City built a state-of-the-art Sheriff's Station on Lancaster Boulevard in the heart of the City's downtown, and the partnership between the City and the Sheriff's Department has led to the rise of several innovative law-enforcement programs aimed at combating crime in Lancaster.
One successful program that has arisen from this partnership is the establishment of Community Service Officers (CSOs). The CSOs are employees of the City of Lancaster who receive training through the Sheriff's Department. They patrol the community and assist the Sheriff's Department in routine matters in order to free regular law enforcement for emergency situations.
Another program, LAN-CAP, the acronym for the Lancaster Community Appreciation Project, was established by
David Berger Deputy District Attorneyto create a dedicated, target-oriented task force of deputies who police the rental communities. Funding for the program is derived from a business license fee levied on commercial landlords. Revenue generated this way, combined with the city's funding, provides eight deputies and a sergeant who have responsibility for rental communities. The LAN-CAP Crime Free Rental Housing Program draws on an established formula for making rental communities a safer place for renters and included landlord training, routine inspection and rental property certification.
The City of Lancaster also makes use of technology in law enforcement, allowing citizens to file Police Reports with the Sheriff's Department through the City's website. [ [http://www.cityoflancasterca.org City of Lancaster : Home ] ] These and other programs are reducing response times to law enforcement incidents.
In the state legislature Lancaster is located in the 17th Senate District, represented by Republican
George Runner, and in the 36th Assembly District, represented by Republican Sharon Runner. Federally, Lancaster is located in California's 22nd and 25th congressional districts, which have Cook PVIs of R +16 and R +7 respectively [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and are represented by Republicans Kevin McCarthy and Buck McKeon respectively.
Recreation and culture
The City of Lancaster has changed from the sleepy railroad
water stopof the 19th century to a bustling modern city with many cultural and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors.
The Essex House Hotel is a restored 1920s vintage mansion turned into a top-notch inn for Hollywood celebrities, but the building has been converted to a museum under the California Historic Site program in 1992. The Essex house was also the headquarters of the "
Flat Earth Society" (now defunct) in the 1910s for over 1,000 members with antiscience filled and outdated theories, many of them were celebrities and businessmen.
The City of Lancaster is also home to the Lancaster
Aerospace Walk of Honor. Established in 1990 by the Lancaster City Council, the Aerospace Walk of Honor celebrates test pilots who were associated with Edwards Air Force Base. Recognition is awarded for distinguished aviation careers marked by significant and obvious achievements beyond one specific accomplishment. The sidewalk monuments are dedicated to a distinguished group of internationally known experimental test pilots. Five honorees are inducted each year in a special ceremony held in September.
Today, the City has over convert|600|acre|km2 of developed or planned parkland, including playground and picnic areas as well as tournament-level sports facilities at Big 8 Softball Complex and the Lancaster National Soccer Center. The Prime Desert Woodland Preserve, located in West Lancaster, is a facility dedicated to preserving the pristine beauty of the High Desert and educating residents about their environment through nature walks and educational programs at Woodland's unique Interpretive Center. Forrest Hull Park, located near the southern border of the city on its west side and across the street from
Paraclete High School, is a popular dog parkwhere local residents frequently gather to allow their dogs to play and exercise together.
In 1996, the City constructed the Lancaster Municipal Stadium (now
Clear Channel Stadium) which has been home to the Lancaster JetHawks, a Class-A minor-league baseball team, for the last decade.
For residents and visitors seeking a cultured evening out, the Lancaster Performing Arts Center provides a varied array of fine arts from
community theatreproductions to classical musicand various forms of dance. It also draws celebrity performers from across the country and around the world, including renowned singers, dancers and musicians of all genres as well as comedians and variety shows. [ [http://www.lpac.org/ Lancaster Performing Arts Center in Beautiful Downtown Lancaster, CA ] ]
Lancaster's location in Southern California's high desert also offers easy access to a variety of outdoor activities year around. In the winter, the local mountains offer
skiingand snow boardingwithin easy driving distance. In the summer, access to interstate freeways gives residents the opportunity for day-trips to the Pacific Coast, while perennial blue skies allow hiking, backpacking and cyclingyear-round.
This city also has a skateboarding park located on the east side of Lancaster.Skate University (spelled as shown) is associated with the local rideshop, [http://www.pharmacyboardshop.com/ Pharmacy Boardshops] .
Each spring, the California Poppy Festival draws upward of 60,000 guests to Lancaster City Park to celebrate springtime. The
California Poppy Reserve, convert|20|mi|km west of Lancaster, boasts one of California's most abundant crops of the state flower, and the Poppy Festival has become a popular event not only for Lancaster residents, but also for visitors from around the world. The California Poppy Festival began as an Earth Daycelebration and has grown into an event with over 55 acres of activities and extensive wildflowerinformation. [ [http://www.poppyfestival.com/ The California Poppy Festival ] ]
"Celebrate Downtown Lancaster", a street fair and farmers’ market, is held several times throughout the summer and features family-friendly activities, street musicians and a variety of specialty vendors.
There are three elementary school districts in Lancaster:
Eastside Union School District, Westside Union School District, and Lancaster School District.
The city has taken an active role in education through its "Lancaster CARES" after-school program created in collaboration with the Lancaster School District. CARES provides learning and enrichment activities as well as mentors and positive adult role models to give children the encouragement and personal attention essential to building future leaders.
Antelope Valley Union High School Districtcovers all high schools in Lancaster. There are also several private schools in the City including Desert Christian Schooland Paraclete High School.
Colleges and universities
Lancaster is home to
Antelope Valley Collegeas well as a satellite campus of California State University, Bakersfield.
The city has spearheaded the development of the [http://www.engr.csufresno.edu/~luc/ Lancaster University Center] to provide local students with a chance to receive a first-rate education in
engineeringand technology. The $3.5 million reconstruction of Challenger Hall, located at the old Antelope Valley Fairgrounds, gave the new campus 13 classrooms, 2 of which are high tech distance learning rooms and 2 of which are lab classrooms, as well as office space. Through partnerships with California State University, Bakersfield, California State University, Fresno, and local aerospacecompanies, students in Lancaster can receive a first-rate education and a Bachelor's of Science Degree without leaving the area.
Lancaster is also home to
West Coast Baptist College, an unaccredited Independent Fundamental BaptistBible college offering graduate and undergraduate degrees in Pastoral studies, evangelism, missions, church ministries, music, Christian education, youth ministry, and secretarial studies. West Coast opened in 1995, and now has about 850 students.
Antelope Valley Press
*Daily News – Antelope Valley
*KTPI 1340 Adult Standards
KWJL1380 Mexican Oldies
KCRY88.1 FM NPR (KCRW Santa Monica)
KTLW88.9 FM Religious/Christian
KGBM89.7 FM Religious/Christian (simulcast of Hollister KHRI 90.7)
*K211EY 90.1 FM Religious/Christian (simulcast of Victorville
*K216FA 91.1 FM Religious/Christian (simulcast of Twin Falls
KWTD91.9 FM Religious/Christian (simulcast of Bishop KWTW88.5)
KLKX93.5 FM The Quake Classic Rock
KFXM-LP96.7 FM Oldies
KTPI-FM97.7 FM Country
KKZQ100.1 FM The Edge Modern Rock
KRAJ100.9 FM The Heat Hip Hop
KSRY103.1 FM Modern Rock (simulcast of Los Angeles KYSR98.7)
KGBB103.9 FM Adult Hits
KLOA-FM104.9 FM Country
KVVS105.5 Kiis FM (simulcast of Los Angeles KIIS102.7)
KGMX106.3 FM Adult Contemporary
KCEL106.9 FM Regional Spanish
Surge RadioOnline Radio Local Indie Bands/Underground Music
Directory of locally based TV stations, otherwise they get all Los Angeles area on cable and sometimes, through the airwaves.
* KAVL 3 Independent/News.
K67AO12 rebroadcast of KABC-TVchannel 7 (ABC) Los Angeles.
* KLNC 28 City's cable channel.
* KPAL 38 Home Shopping/ Christian programming.
* TBN 53 relay of KTBN channel 40 Los Angeles, Christian programming.
KHIZ64 Independent, based in Victorville, convert|40|mi|km away.
* Raymond Allen former
Kevin Appierformer MLB Player
Judy Garlandformer actressand singer
Douglas Fairbanksformer actor, producer, and screenwriter
Mary Pickfordformer actress
George Runner politician- currently a Republican State Senator
Sharon Runnerpolitician - currently Assemblywoman
Jim Slatonformer MLB Player
John Wayneformer actor
Adam Wheeler- olympian wrestler
Frank Zappa musician
Don Van Vlietaka Captain Beefheart musician
* [http://www.cityoflancasterca.org/ Lancaster official website]
* [http://lacdcs.com/station-end-page-11.html LA County Disaster Communications Service ( DCS ) Lancaster Station]
* [http://wxnet.net/ Current Weather]
* [http://www.avchambers.com/ Lancaster Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.colapublib.org/history/antelopevalley/ AV Community History in Words and Pictures: Los Angeles County Public Library]
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