Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto
"Vittorio Veneto" was the lead ship of the Italian "Vittorio Veneto"-class
battleships, that served in the Regia Marinaduring World War II. She was named after the Italian victory at Vittorio Veneto, during World War I.
"Vittorio Veneto's" keel was laid in 1934 at "Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico",
Trieste; she was launched on 25 July 1937, and her construction was completed in 1940, after Italy had entered in war against Franceand the United Kingdom.
"Vittorio Veneto" was designed by General Umberto Pugliese, and was the first battleship to exceed the limits of the
Washington Treaty(35,000 tons of displacement). In 1942, "Vittorio Veneto" was the first Italian battleship to be equipped with a radardevice, a "Gufo" E.C. 4".
"Vittorio Veneto" took part in the battle of Cape Teulada (
27 November 1940), where her firepower (19 shells in 7 salvos from long range) caused the seven-cruiser British squadron to withdraw.
During a mission of
26 March– 29 March 1941, "Vittorio Veneto" participated in the dramatic events of the battle of Cape Matapan, fought along the Peloponnesuscoast, where, after scaring off a squadron of British cruisers near the island of Gavdosand inflicting minor damage on them, she was hit by a torpedo-bomber and obliged to return to Italy; the Italian fleet adopted an exceptional formation on five lines to protect the "Vittorio Veneto", but a second aircraft attack, and a subsequent night battle, caused the sinking of three heavy cruisers and two destroyers to British battleship gunfire. Despite taking on 4,000 tons of water due to the extensive torpedo damage, the battleship was able to reach Taranto, but remained about five months out of service.
During the war in the
Mediterranean Sea, "Vittorio Veneto" took part in 56 war missions, eleven of which had as their mission the hunting of enemy ships.
1 September: operation "Hats";
29 September: operation MB 5;
11 November: Battle of Taranto;
27 November: Battle of Cape Spartiventoor Battle of Cape Teulada;
8 February: bombardment of Genoa;
27 March: Battle of Gavdos island;
28 March: Battle of Matapan. The commander of the ship was "Capitano di Vascello" Giuseppe Sparzani and the commander of the Italian fleet, flagship "Vittorio Veneto", was "Ammiraglio di Squadra" Angelo Iachino;
27 September: convoy "Albert" to Malta;
14 December: cancelled Italian convoys in the Mediterranean Sea;
15 June: "Vittorio Veneto" also participated in the Battle of Mid-June, where she and the "Littorio" successfully fenced off a large British convoy from Alexandriaby their mere presence at sea;
9 September: surrender of the Italian fleet.
After the armistice of
8 September 1943, "Vittorio Veneto" was sent to Egypt, and was interned in the Great Bitter Lake, in the Suez Canal; a proposal to allow the battleship to fight side-by-side with the Allies in southern France and in the Pacific Ocean was dismissed because of political and operational considerations. After the war she was taken by the United Kingdom as war compensation. "Vittorio Veneto" was eventually returned to Italy where she was dismantled, in 1948.
* [http://web.ukonline.co.uk/aj.cashmore/italy/battleships/vittorioveneto/vittorioveneto.html Vittorio Veneto statistics]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vittorio Veneto — This article is about the Italian city, for the World War I battle see Battle of Vittorio Veneto. For the WW2 battleship see Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto Infobox CityIT img coa = Vittorio Veneto Stemma.png official name = Comune di Vittorio … Wikipedia
Italian battleship Littorio — Littorio was an Italian Vittorio Veneto class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was named after the Lictor ( Littorio in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces , which was adopted as the symbol … Wikipedia
Italian battleship Roma (1940) — Roma was an Italian Vittorio Veneto class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. She was built in 1940 and commissioned in 1942.Last cruise and sinkingOn September 8 1943 Roma , together with most of the remaining Italian … Wikipedia
Italian battleship Roma — Roma was the name of three battleships of the Regia Marina : * Roma (1865), a steam battleship of the Roma class; * Roma (1909), a steam battleship of the Vittorio Emanuele class; * Roma (1940), a battleship of the Vittorio Veneto class … Wikipedia
Italian battleship Impero — The Impero was an Italian Littorio class battleship of the Regia Marina during World War II. Designed by Umberto Pugliese, she was the fourth ship of her class and named after the Italian word for Empire, in this case referring to the newly… … Wikipedia
Italian cruiser Zara — Zara was an Italian Zara class heavy cruiser, which served in the Regia Marina during World War II.Her keel was laid down 1928 at O.T.O. , La Spezia; she was launched on 27 April 1930, and her construction was completed in 1931. It sank on 29… … Wikipedia
Veneto — Infobox Region of Italy name = Veneto fullname = Regione Veneto isocode = capital = Venice status = Region governor = Giancarlo Galan ( Forza Italia House of Freedoms ) zone = Northern Italy province = 7 municipality = 581 language = Italian,… … Wikipedia
Italian Navy — For other uses, see Italian Navy (disambiguation). Italian Navy Marina Militare Coat of Arms of the Italian Navy … Wikipedia
Littorio class battleship — The Littorio (or Vittorio Veneto ; the two ships were laid down on the same date) was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy, the most modern used by Italy during World War II. The Littorios were developed in response to the… … Wikipedia
Fast battleship — Historically, a fast battleship was a battleship of which the design featured an emphasis on speed which was unusual, compared to the normal practice of the time. The term is especially appropriate when applied to a design which was not only… … Wikipedia