official_name = Bishop, California
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Inyo County and the state of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Inyo
area_total_km2 = 4.5
area_total_sq_mi = 1.8
area_land_km2 = 4.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.8
area_water_km2 = 0
area_water_sq_mi = 0
elevation_ft = 4147
elevation_m = 1264
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 3575
population_density_km2 = 794.4
population_density_sq_mi = 1986.1
timezone = Pacific (PST)
utc_offset = -8
latd = 37 |latm = 21 |lats = 54 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 23 |longs = 42 |longEW = W
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
postal_code = 93514-93515
area_code = 760
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-06798
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0277475
Bishop is a city in Inyo County,
California, USA. The population was 3,575 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Bishop Creek, flowing out of the Sierra Nevada: the creek was named after Samuel Addison Bishop, a settler in the Owens Valley.
Bishop is known as the "Mule Capital of the World" and a week long festival called [http://www.muledays.org Mule Days] has been held since 1969 on the week of Memorial Day, celebrating the contributions of pack mules to the area. The festival attracts many tourists, primarily from the Southern California area.
Bishop is well known in the
rock climbingcommunity. Near the city are numerous climbing spots that attract visitors from around the world. There are over 2,000 boulderingproblems in Bishop. There are two main types of rock: volcanic and quartz. Rock climbers come to Bishop for the scenery and inspiration.
Bishop was the home of
Galen Rowell, and his wife Barbara, before their untimely death at the Eastern Sierra Regional Airport. Stuntman and NASCARdriver Stanton Barrettalso calls Bishop home. Matt Williams, former Major League Baseball 3rd baseman and slugger, was also born in Bishop.
actor Robert Bray, who portrayed forest rangerCorey Stuart in CBS's "Lassie" from 1964-1968 and Simon Kane in ABC's "Stagecoach West" from 1960-1961, retired to Bishop, where he died in 1983 at the age of sixty-five. Former child actor Richard Eyer, who played Bray's son in "Stagecoach West", is a teacherin Bishop.
The town is the nearest town to
Deep Springs College.
Geography and Climate
Bishop lies at the northern end of the
It is on U.S. Route 395, the main north-south artery through the Owens Valley, connecting the Inland Empire to
Reno, Nevada. US 395 also connects Bishop to Los Angeles via State Route 14 through Palmdale. Bishop is also the western terminus of U.S. Route 6. The Paiutetribe controls land just west of the town.
Bishop is immediately to the east of the Sierra Nevada. Numerous peaks are within a short distance of Bishop, including
Mount Humphreys(13,986'), White Mountain Peak(14,242') is visible to the northeast.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.5 km²), all of it land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,575 people, 1,684 households, and 831 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 2,042.5 people per square mile (788.8/km²). There were 1,867 housing units at an average density of 1,066.7/sq mi (411.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.62% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.49% from other races, and 5.37% from two or more races. 17.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,684 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.6% were non-families. 44.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
incomefor a household in the city was $27,338, and the median income for a family was $34,423. Males had a median income of $23,433 versus $24,545 for females. The per capita incomefor the city was $17,660. About 14.0% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
In the state legislature Bishop is located in the 18th Senate District, represented by Republican
Roy Ashburn, and in the 18th Assembly District, represented by Republican Bill Maze. Federally, Bishop is located in California's 25th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +7 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2007-10-20] and is represented by Republican Buck McKeon.
* [http://www.bishopweb.com Bishop Community/Information Webpage]
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