Union of Uzhhorod
The Union of Uzhhorod was the
1646decision of 63 RuthenianOrthodox priests from the south slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, then within the Kingdom of Hungary, to join the Catholic Churchon terms similar to the Union of Brestfrom 1596in the lands of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Signed in the Castle of
Uzhhorodon April 24by the Roman Catholic bishopJakusits of Eger, the union was initiated on the Ruthenian side by the Basilian monastic order under the leadership of the monk Petro Parfenii(Peter Parthenius). The agreement allowed that the Eastern Byzantine church rite would be preserved and that the new " Uniate" priests would be elevated to the status of Roman Catholic clergy. As Orthodox clergy their status had been that of vassals with the requisite feudal duties.
The Basilian monks, led by Parfenii, agreed to the Union of Uzhhorod based on the following understandings:
* Preservation of eastern rites
* The right to choose bishop, subject to the approval of Rome
* Being granted the privileges of the Roman-Catholic clergy
There have been no original copies of the Union of Uzhhorod found in church or civil archives. The Union is documented in a petition dated
January 16, 1652in which six archdeans petition Vatican to confirm Petro Parfenii as the Bishop of Mukacheve.
The Union was approved by the Synod in
Tyrnov(1648), however the Vatican did not ratify these conditions at that time, because Parfenii was an orthodox bishop. Only in 1655, when Rome made Parfenii its bishop of Mukachevedid the Union extend to the East. By 1721, the Union encompassed the entire Carpathian region.
Sovietauthorities "revoked" the Union, creating the Orthodox Eparchy of Mukachiv-Uzhhorod, under the Patriarch of Moscow. In the late 1980s the Uniate church was re-established in Transcarpathia, following the easing of Soviet religious persecution.
Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Ruthenian Catholic Church
History of Christianity in Ukraine
*cite book | author=Magocsi, Paul Robert and Ivan Pop | title=Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture| location=Toronto | publisher=University of Toronto Press | year=2005 | id=ISBN 0-8020-3566-3
*cite book | author=Warzeski, Walter C. | title=Byzantine Rite Rusins in Carpatho-Ruthenia and America | location=Pittsburgh | publisher=Byzantine Seminary Press | year=1971 | id=ISBN none
*Ludvik Nemec, The Ruthenian Uniate Church in Its Historical Perspective, "Church History", Vol. 37, No. 4. (Dec., 1968), pp. 365-388. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0009-6407%28196812%2937%3A4%3C365%3ATRUCII%3E2.0.CO%3B2-L JStor.org]
* [http://www.simkovich.org/religion.htm Simkovich.org: Union of Uzhorod details and related history]
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