- Bolivian boliviano
currency_name_in_local = boliviano boliviano es icon
image_1 = Bolivianos moneda.png
image_title_1 = 10 centavos to 5 bolivianos
iso_code = BOB
using_countries = BOL
inflation_rate = 12%
inflation_source_date = " [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2092.html The World Factbook] ", 2007 est.
subunit_ratio_1 = 1/100
symbol = Bs.
used_coins = 10, 20, 50 centavos, 1, 2, 5 Bs.
used_banknotes = 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 Bs.
Banco Central de Bolivia
issuing_authority_website = www.bcb.gov.bo
The boliviano (
ISO 4217code: "BOB") is the currencyof Bolivia. It is divided into 100 centavos. Boliviano was also the name of the currency of Bolivia between 1864 and 1963.
The first boliviano was introduced in 1864. It was equivalent to eight "soles" or half a "scudo" in the former currency. Initially, it was subdivided into 100 "centécimos" but this was altered to centavos in 1870. The name "bolivar" was used for an amount of ten bolivianos.
The boliviano was initially pegged at a rate of 1 boliviano = 5
French francs. On December 31, 1908, the currency was put on a new gold standard, with 12½ bolivianos = 1 British pound. A series of devaluations relative to the pound followed:
In 1940, multiple exchange rates to the
U.S. dollarwere established (40 and 55 bolivianos = 1 dollar). However, the boliviano continued to fall in value. In 1963, it was replaced by the "peso boliviano" (ISO 4217: BOP) at a rate of one thousand to one.
In 1864, copper 1 and 2 centecimos, and silver frac|20, frac|10, frac|5 and 1 boliviano were introduced. In 1870, silver 5, 10 and 20 centavos were introduced, followed by silver 50 centavos in 1873 and copper 1 and 2 centavos in 1878. In 1883,
cupro-nickel5 and 10 centavos were introduced. Because these were similar in size to the silver 10 and 20 centavos coins, some were officially punched with a centre hole. Larger 5 and 10 centavos coins were issued from 1892. The 50 centavos was last struck in 1879, whilst the 1 and 2 centavos were last struck in 1883.
The last 5 centavos were struck in 1935, whilst, in 1937, cupro-nickel 50 centavos were introduced, followed in 1942 by issues of zinc 10 and 20 centavos and bronze 50 centavos. These were the last issues below 1 boliviano. In 1951, bronze 1, 5 and 10 bolivianos were issued.
In 1873, the first boliviano banknotes were issued by the "Banco Nacional de Bolivia" in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 bolivianos. 20 and 40 centavos notes were added in 1875. Notes were also issued by the Banco Agricola, the "Banco de Bolivia y Londres", the "Banco del Comercio", the "Banco Francisco Argandoña", the "Banco Industrial de La Paz" (later the "Banco Industrial"), the "Banco Mercatil" and the "Banco Potosi", with denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 bolivianos. The last issue of these private banks was made in 1911.
In 2003, the Treasury introduced notes in denominations of 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10 and 20 bolivianos. In 1911, the "Banco de la Nación Boliviana" began issuing notes. The first issue, in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 bolivianos, was overprinted on notes of the Banco de Bolivia y Londres. Regular issues, in the same denominations, followed later the same year. In 1928, the "Banco Central" took over paper money issuance, with notes for 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 bolivianos. 5000 and 10,000 bolivianos notes followed in 1942.
Following many years of rampant inflation, the peso boliviano was replaced in 1987 by a new boliviano at a rate of one million to one. At that time, 1 new boliviano was roughly equivalent to 1 U.S. dollar.
In 1988, stainless-steel 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 centavos and 1 boliviano (dated 1987) coins were introduced, followed by stainless-steel 2 bolivianos in 1991. Copper-plated steel 10 centavos were introduced in 1997 and bi-metallic 5 bolivianos in 2001. The 2 and 5 centavos coins are no longer in circulation. The 2 boliviano coin has been minted in two sizes, both of which remain legal tender. The smaller 2 boliviano coin is almost the same as the 1 boliviano coin, leading to potential confusion, although the 2 boliviano coins are
undecagonal whilst the 1 boliviano coins are round.
In 1987, peso boliviano banknotes were overprinted with denominations in centavos and bolivianos to produce provisional issues of 1, 5, 10 and 50 centavos, 1, 5 and 10 bolivianos. Regular issues followed the same year in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 bolivianos. The 2 bolivianos note was replaced by a coin in 1991, with the same happening to the 5 bolivianos in 2001, although the Bolivian central bank still lists the 5 bolivianos note as "in circulation" [http://www.bcb.gov.bo/sitio/monedas/monedas.html] .
Economy of Bolivia
*numis cite SCWC|date=1991
*numis cite SCWPM|date=1994
*numis cite SCWPM|date=1990.s
Standard numismatics external links
world_coin_gallery_1_url = Bolivia
world_coin_gallery_1_name = Bolivia
banknote_world_1_url = bolivia
banknote_world_1_name = Bolivia
gfd_1_url = Bolivia
gfd_1_name = Bolivia
gfd_data_1_url = 6128
gfd_data_1_name = Bolivia Boliviano
show_gfd_excel = Y
* [https://www.bcb.gov.bo/sitio/monedas/monedas.html Monedas y Billetes de Bolivia] , Banco Central de Bolivia (Flash file, in Spanish)
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