1926 World Series
Infobox World Series Expanded
caption = Babe Ruth registers the last out of the 1926 World Series as he is called out on an attempt to steal second base.
year = 1926
St. Louis Cardinals(4)
champion_games = 89–65, .578, Games ahead: 2
New York Yankees(3)
runnerup_games = 91–63, .591, Games ahead: 3
date = October 2–10
Graham McNameeand Phillips Carlin[cite book | last=Patterson | first=Ted | title=The Golden Voices of Baseball| publisher= Sports Publishing LLC| location=Champaign, Illinois| year = 2002|isbn=1-58261-498-9| pages=p. 29 ] [cite book | last=Smelser | first=Marshall | title=The Life That Ruth Built: A Biography| publisher= Bison Books| location=New York | year = 1993|isbn=0-8032-9218-X| pages=p. 337 ]
Bill Dinneen, Hank O'Day, Bill Klem, George Hildebrand
HOFers = Cardinals:
Grover Cleveland Alexander, Jim Bottomley, Chick Hafey, Jesse Haines, Rogers Hornsby(player-manager), Billy Southworth.
Miller Huggins(manager), Earl Combs, Lou Gehrig, Tony Lazzeri, Herb Pennock, Babe Ruth, Waite Hoyt.
‡ elected as a manager.
The 1926 World Series was the championship series of the 1926
Major League Baseball(MLB) season, featuring the St. Louis Cardinalsagainst the New York Yankees. The Cardinals defeated the Yankees four games to three in the best-of-seven series, which took place from October 2 to October 10, 1926 at Yankee Stadiumand Sportsman's Park.
The Cardinals and Yankees earned their places in the series by having the best win–loss records in the National and
American Leagues, respectively. This was the first World Series appearance for the Cardinals—the first of 10 World Series championships in Cardinals history. The Yankees were making their fourth World Series appearance in six seasons; [cite web|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/alltime/season?year=1923|title=1923 MLB Season|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher= ESPN] after this series, they would play in another 35 World Series. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/NYY/|title=New York Yankees Team Index|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
In Game 1, pitcher
Herb Pennockled the Yankees to a 2–1 win over the Cardinals. In Game 2, pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexanderevened the Series for the Cardinals with a 6–2 victory. Cardinals pitcher Jesse Hainesthrew a complete game shutoutin Game 3, which gave St. Louis a 2–1 series lead. In the Yankees 10–5 victory in Game 4, Babe Ruthhit three home runs, a World Series record equaled only twice since. According to newspaper reports, Ruth had promised a sickly boy named Johnny Sylvester to hit a home run for him in Game 4. After Ruth's three-home run performance, the boy's condition had miraculously improved. The newspapers' account of the story is disputed by contemporary baseball historians, but it remains one of the most famous anecdotes in baseball history. Pennock was again the winning pitcher for the Yankees in the team's 3–2 victory in Game 5.
The Yankees led the series 3–2, and Cardinals player-manager
Rogers Hornsbychose Alexander as the starting pitcher in Game 6 and used him as a relief pitcherin Game 7. Behind Alexander, the Cardinals won the final two games of the series, thus giving them the championship. In Game 7, the Yankees were losing 3–2 in the bottom of the ninth inning, their last opportunity to score in a regular game. Ruth walked with two outs. Bob Meuselcame to bat next, but Ruth, who had a 50% career success rate at stealing bases, [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/r/ruthba01.shtml|title=Babe Ruth Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] decided to try stealing second base. Meusel swung and missed Alexander's pitch, and catcher Bob O'Farrellthrew the ball to second baseman Hornsby, who tagged Ruth out, ending the game and giving the Cardinals the World Series championship.cite book | last=Eig | first=Jonathan | title=Luckiest Man: the Life and Death of Lou Gehrig| publisher= Simon & Schuster| location=New York | year = 2005|isbn=0-7432-4591-1| pages=p. 80 ]
The Cardinals won the 1926 National League pennant after finishing with a league-best record of 89 wins and 65 losses, two games ahead of the runner-up
Cincinnati Reds. The previous season, the Cardinals ended the regular season fourth in the National League after posting a record of 77 wins and 76 losses. During the first half of the 1926 season, they traded outfielder Heinie Mueller to the New York Giants in exchange for outfielder Billy Southworth. They also picked up future Hall of Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander, after the Chicago Cubshad placed him on waivers. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/STL/1926_trans.shtml|title=1926 St. Louis Cardinals Trades and Transactions|accessdate=2008-03-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] The Cardinals' pitching staff was led by Flint Rhem, who pitched 20 wins and had a 3.21 earned run average(ERA), far surpassing his eight wins and 4.92 ERA of the previous season. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/STL/1925.shtml|title=1925 St. Louis Cardinals Statistics and Roster|accessdate=2008-03-20
publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] Offensively, the Cardinals were led by
Jim Bottomley, Rogers Hornsby—who had a batting averageof over .400 the season before—and catcher Bob O'Farrell, the winner of the season's National League Most Valuable Player Award. This was the first World Series appearance in Cardinals team history. [cite news| last=Harrison|first=James R.|title = Baseball Classic To Start Saturday | work = The New York Times| date = 1926-09-26|page=S1]
The contest for first place in the National League was heated. During the second and third weeks of September, both the Cardinals and the Reds had multi-game winning streaks and swapped positions in the league standings for win–loss record on a daily basis. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/CIN/1926_sched.shtml|title=1926 Cincinnati Reds Schedules, Box Scores and Splits|accessdate=2008-03-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] On September 17, the Cardinals went one game ahead of the Reds and continued building their lead in the standings in the coming days as the Reds lost several games in a row. The Cardinals concluded the season with a loss to the Reds on September 26, but still finished two games ahead in the . [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/STL/1926_sched.shtml|title=1926 St. Louis Cardinals Schedules, Box Scores and Splits|accessdate=2008-03-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
The Yankees had the best record in the American League with 91 wins and 63 losses, finishing three games ahead of the
Cleveland Indians. [cite web|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/alltime/season?year=1926|title=1926 MLB Season|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher= ESPN] They improved on their 69-win season in 1925 by making Lou Gehrigtheir permanent starting first baseman and trading for rookiesecond baseman Tony Lazzeriin the offseason. Gehrig, Lazzeri, Babe Ruthand Earle Combsled the offense. Yankee pitchers Herb Pennockand Urban Shockercombined for 42 wins in the season. The Yankees were making their fourth World Series appearance in six years; they had previously won the World Series in 1923. [cite web|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/alltime/season?year=1923|title=1923 MLB Season|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher= ESPN]
In early September 1926, thousands of
Cleveland Indiansfans, confident that their team would win the American League pennant despite being six games behind the Yankees, filed requests to reserve World Series tickets. [cite news| title =Indians Fans Plan For World Series | work = The New York Times| date = 1926-09-01|page=16] By September 2, the Indians were two games behind the Yankees, but then lost three of their final four games to finish the season three games behind them. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/CLE/1926_sched.shtml|title=1926 Cleveland Indians Schedules, Box Scores and Splits|accessdate=2008-03-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
On September 11, Commissioner of Baseball
Kenesaw Mountain Landismet with representatives from four of the top teams in the American and National Leagues. The group decided that the first two games of the World Series—scheduled for October 2 and October 3—would be played in the stadium of the American League pennant winner.cite news| title = World's Series Opening Is Set for Oct. 2; First Two Games in American League City | work = Associated Press| date = 1926-09-12|page=S1] The third, fourth and fifth games would be played in the National League pennant winner's stadium, followed by the final two games at the American League stadium. Landis and the representatives also agreed that each game was to start at 13:30 local time.
bookmakers named the Yankees a 15-to-1 favorite to win the World Series over the Cardinals, while others, like New York's top betting commissioners, thought the teams were evenly matched.cite book | last=D'Amore | first=Jonathan | title=Rogers Hornsby: A Biography| publisher= Greenwood Press| location=Westport, Connecticut| year = 2004|isbn=0-313-32870-6| pages=p. 66 ] One writer from " The New York Times" claimed that "there is little justification for installing either team as favorite". [cite news|title=Yanks Have Shade on the Cardinals|last=Harrison|first=James R.|date= 1926-10-01|work= The New York Times|page=17|accessdate=2008-05-27] Regardless of the odds, players from both teams expressed confidence regarding their team's chances of winning the championship. Hornsby said, "We're going to come through winners. We have the better pitching staff, the better hitters and the greater experience. That's what it takes to win. ... We're going to beat the Yankees. Any of my ball players will tell you that, and we expect to do it." [cite news|title=Huggins Looks for Yanks to Get the Jump; Hornsby Confident Cardinals Will Win|date=1926-10-02|work= The New York Times|page=12|accessdate=2008-06-22] Yankees manager Miller Hugginsstated:
Herb Pennock(1–0)|LP= Bill Sherdel(0–1)|SV=| Yankee Stadiumwas filled with 61,658 fans on October 2, there to watch the inaugural game of the 1926 World Series. Those who could not get tickets for the game gathered at City Hall to watch the game's progress being charted on two large scoreboards.Eig (2005), p. 75.] Before the start of the game, United StatesSenator Robert F. Wagner, who represented New York, threw out the ceremonial first pitchand seated himself in the box seat next to New York Citymayor Jimmy Walker. Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landisand former heavyweightchampion of the world Jack Dempseywere also present. The Cardinals selected left-handed pitcher Bill Sherdelto start Game 1. During the regular season, Sherdel pitched nearly 235 innings, attaining 16 wins and 12 losses. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/s/sherdbi01.shtml|title=Bill Sherdel Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] The Yankees' pitcher was Herb Pennock, the team's only 20-game winner that season. The future Hall of Fame pitcher, nicknamed "The Knight Of Kennett Square", had a 3.62 ERA in 266.3 innings [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/p/pennohe01.shtml|title=Herb Pennock Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] and had finished third in the American LeagueMost Valuable Player Award voting, behind winner George Burns and runner-up Johnny Mostil. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/awards_1926.shtml#ALmvp|title=Awards Voting for 1926: 1926 American League Most Valuable Player|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
leadoff hitter Taylor Douthitstarted the offense in the first inning by hitting a double into left field. Douthit advanced to third baseafter Billy Southworthhit a slow-moving ground ball to Yankee second baseman Tony Lazzeri. Rogers Hornsbyfollowed by hitting another ground ball right to Pennock, who threw it to first baseman Lou Gehrigfor an out. Cardinals first baseman "Sunny Jim" Bottomley hit a bloop single, which allowed Douthit to score. In the bottom of the inning, Sherdel walked Earle Combs, Babe Ruth and Bob Meusel, putting runners on each base. At his first batting attempt, Lou Gehrig grounded the ball to shortstop Tommy Thevenow, who tossed the ball to Hornsby. Hornsby threw to first base, but the Yankees sluggerreached the base before Bottomley could get him out. Combs scored on the play, giving Gehrig his first World Series run batted in(RBI). In the bottom of the third inning, Babe Ruth singled. On a Bob Meusel bunt, Ruth slid into second base and split his pants. Radio announcer Graham McNameeexclaimed, "Babe is the color of a red brick house". [cite news |title=Cards Fans Jam Streets Getting Game by Radio |work= St. Louis Post-Dispatch|date=October 3, 1926 |accessdate=2007-05-20 ] Doc Woods, the team's trainer, sewed up Ruth's pants on the ballfield, much to the amusement of the audience. [cite news |title=New York 2, St. Louis 1; First of Series |work= The Sheboygan Press|date=October 3, 1926 |accessdate=2008-06-24]
The score remained tied at one apiece until the sixth inning, just as it began to rain. Ruth lined a single past third baseman
Les Bell. Meusel hit a sacrifice bunt, advancing Ruth to second base. Gehrig followed with a single, scoring Ruth and giving the Yankees the lead. Lazzeri lined a shot into left field, and Gehrig dove into third base headfirst, but was tagged outby Bell.Eig (2005), p. 76.] Lazzeri advanced to second base, on the play. Bell committed an error while trying to field Joe Dugan's ground ball, resulting in runners at first and third base. Hank Severeidhit a grounder to shortstop Thevenow, who threw the ball to Hornsby. Hornsby then made a force playto end the inning. In the ninth inning, Bottomley singled off Pennock. However, the Cardinals could not advance Bottomley, and the game ended as a 2–1 win for the Yankees. Gehrig was the Yankees' offensive leader for the game, batting in both of the team's runs. Pennock pitched a complete game, striking out four batters and giving up three hits. Pennock had also held the Cardinals to hits in only two of the nine innings. Cardinals losing pitcher Sherdel threw for seven innings, giving up two runs and six hits, while striking out one batter. [cite news |title=Alexander's Crafty Right Arm Rallies Cardinal Title Hopes |url=http://www.paperofrecord.com/paper_view.asp?PaperId=834&RecordId=1&PageId=7773485&iDateSearchId= |work= The Sporting News|date=October 4, 1926 |accessdate=2007-05-21 ]
Grover Alexander(1–0)|LP= Urban Shocker(0–1)|SV=
Billy Southworth(1), Tommy Thevenow(1)|HomeHR=|
The second game was played the next day, October 3, at Yankee Stadium in front of a crowd of 63,600.cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1926_WS.shtml|title=1926 World Series - STL vs. NYY|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
Urban Shockerwas the starting pitcherfor the Yankees. With 19 wins and 11 losses, Shocker had the second-best pitching record on the team, behind the Game 1 starter, southpaw Herb Pennock. Shocker had a 3.38 ERA in 258 innings, along with 59 strikeouts in the 1926 season. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/s/shockur01.shtml|title=Urban Shocker Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] The Cardinals' Game 2 starter was 39-year-old Grover Cleveland "Old Pete" Alexander, a veteran player in his 16th major league season. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/a/alexape01.shtml|title=Pete Alexander Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] That season, he posted numbers considerably lower than the pitching season statistics from his prime in the late 1910s with the
Philadelphia Philliesand Chicago Cubs. Alexander had compiled a 12–10 record in 200 innings, while posting a 3.05 ERA and 48 strikeouts, compared to the nearly 250 strikeouts he had in 1915 with the Phillies. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1915.shtml|title=1915 Philadelphia Phillies Statistics and Roster|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
The Cardinals were first to bat in the game. After giving up a double to
Rogers Hornsby, Shocker got a groundout from Jim Bottomleyto end the run-scoring threat. In the Yankees' half of the inning, Mark Koeniggrounded into a double play, and Babe Ruthfollowed by striking out. The Cardinals threatened again in the second inning, after singles by catcher Bob O'Farrelland shortstop Tommy Thevenow. However, Alexander came to the plate and popped up to Koenig to end the inning. The Yankees scored first in the bottom of the second inning. Bob Meuselhit a single into center field, and Lou Gehrig followed by hitting a grounder to Alexander, which advanced Meusel to second base. Tony Lazzerithen hit a single to left field that scored Meusel from second. Joe Duganfollowed with a single of his own, moving Lazzeri to third base. On the following play, Yankees catcher Hank Severeid struck out, and Lazzeri then attempted to steal home plate. Alexander made an error on his throw to catcher Bob O'Farrell, and Lazzeri was able to slide into home plate for the second Yankees run of the inning. O'Farrell then threw the ball to Thevenow, but the tag was late and Dugan was called safe at second base. The inning ended when Alexander struck out Shocker.
In the third inning,
Taylor Douthithit an infield single to shortstop Koenig, and Billy Southworth followed with a single to left field, advancing Douthit to second base. Hornsby laid down a sacrifice bunt to Shocker, moving each runner up a base. Bottomley hit a single into left field, scoring both Douthit and Southworth. The next two batters, Les Belland Chick Hafey, hit into outs to conclude the inning. In the top of the seventh inning. Bob O'Farrell lined a double, and Tommy Thevenow followed with a single into left field. Pitcher Alexander popped up to Lazzeri, and Douthit followed with a fly ballto left field. Southworth then hit a three-run home run, giving the Cardinals a 5–2 advantage over the Yankees. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/s/southbi01.shtml|title=Billy Southworth Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] Hornsby then grounded out to Koenig to end the inning. Gehrig, Lazzeri and Dugan all grounded out in the bottom of the seventh inning. In the top of the eighth, Bottomley hit a single into right field. Yankees manager
Miller Hugginscame out of the dugout and took Shocker out of the game, calling in Bob Shawkeyfrom the bullpento replace him. Shawkey struck out the first two batters he faced, and Bottomley was tagged out after attempting to steal second base. The Yankees could not produce any runs in their half of the inning.
In the ninth inning,
Sad Sam Jones, a 22-year veteran in the American League, [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/j/jonessa01.shtml|title=Sam Jones Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] replaced
Dutch Ruether, who had replaced pitcher Shawkey. Jones gave up an inside-the-park home runto Thevenow. Thevenow had only two other home runs in his career, both of which were inside-the-park and during the 1926 regular season.cite web
url=http://www.baseballlibrary.com/chronology/byyear.php?year=1926|title=The Chronology - 1926: October|accessdate=2007-05-23|publisher=The Idea Logical Company, Inc] Jones then walked Douthit and Hornsby and gave up a single to Southworth. With the bases loaded and two outs in the top of the ninth inning, Bottomley hit a fly ball to center fielder Earle Combs. The Yankees did not score in the bottom of the ninth inning, and lost the game to the Cardinals by a 6–2 score.cite book | last=Levenson | first=Barry M. | title=The Seventh Game: The 35 World Series That Have Gone the Distance| publisher= McGraw-Hill Professional| location=New York | year = 2004|isbn=0-07-141271-9| pages=p. 35 ] Alexander pitched a
complete game, allowed hits in only two of the nine innings and did not allow a Yankee hit after the third inning. He also had a series-high 10 strikeouts, allowing four hits, one earned runand one walk. Meanwhile, the Yankees' starter Shocker allowed 10 hits and five earned runs, including a home run, in seven innings of work. Shawkey had a perfect inning with two strikeouts, while Jones gave up two hits and allowed two walks in the ninth inning.
Jesse Haines(1–0)|LP= Dutch Ruether(0–1)|SV=
After Game 2 ended on October 3, the Yankees and Cardinals boarded trains to St. Louis,
Missouri. The mayor of St. Louis, Victor J. Miller, ordered that the workday end by three the next afternoon so that the city could welcome the Cardinals at Union Station. The Cardinals players were treated like champions by fans and citizens alike. Just outside the station, Mayor Miller stood at a podium and presented club manager and player Rogers Hornsby with a brand new Lincoln sedan priced at US$4,000 [Adjusted for inflation, $4,000 in 1926 has the buying power of $48,547.57 in 2008. cite web| title = Consumer Price Index Inflation Calculator | publisher = United States Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics| url = http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/cpicalc.pl |accessdate = 2008-05-29 ] and paid for by the city's top businessmen. Each member of the Cardinals' team received a new hat, a new pair of shoes, and an engraved white-gold watch valued at a manufacturer's price of $100. As the Cardinals were receiving special treatment from the people of St. Louis, fans were lining up outside Sportsman's Park with the hope of being able to purchase tickets to Game 3 for a price of $3.30.Eig (2005), p. 77.]
Sportsman's Park was filled with 37,708 people on October 5, 1926 for Game 3. On the mound for the Cardinals was
right-handed knuckleballpitcher Jesse Haines, a future Baseball Hall of Famer with a 13–4 record and 3.25 ERA in 183 innings in 1926. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/h/haineje01.shtml|title=Jesse Haines Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] Starting for the Yankees was southpaw pitcher
Dutch Ruether, who had a 14–9 record with a 4.60 ERA in 1926. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1926_WS.shtml/|title=Dutch Ruether Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-21|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
The game was
rain delayed for 30 minutes during the top half of the fourth inning. Once the game resumed, the Cardinals came to bat and scored the first runs of the game. Les Bell, a .325 hitter with 17 home runs that season, led the Cardinals with a single to center field. Chick Hafey dropped a sacrifice bunt straight to Ruether, who then threw it to second baseman Tony Lazzeri. Bell beat Lazzeri's tag at second base and was called safe by the umpire. Bob O'Farrell was walked, and Tommy Thevenow hit a grounder to Lazzeri, who tossed it to Mark Koenig for the force out at second base. Koenig tagged O'Farrell out, but made an error in his throw to first baseman Lou Gehrig, which resulted in a run. Then, Haines hit a Ruether pitch for a two-run home run.
The Cardinals were leading the Yankees 3–0 by the end of the inning. The Yankees failed to produce any offense in the fifth inning, but the Cardinals added to their lead by picking up a run when Billy Southworth beat the tag at home following a Jim Bottomley grounder to second base. Ruether was then replaced by Bob Shawkey, who closed out the inning by yielding two weak infield groundouts. The Yankees picked up one hit in each of the next two innings, but could not produce any runs. Yankees pitcher
Myles Thomascame in to pitch a hitless ninth inning. With one out in the bottom of the ninth inning, Lou Gehrig hit a line drivesingle into right field, but Lazzeri grounded into a double play, ending the game as a 4–0 Cardinals victory. Haines pitched a complete game shutout, and only gave up five hits total, two of which came from Gehrig.
Waite Hoyt(1–0)|LP= Art Reinhart(0–1)|SV=
Babe Ruth3 (3)|HomeHR=|
Future Baseball Hall of Famer
Waite Hoytstarted Game 4 for the Yankees at Sportsman's Park on October 6, 1926. Hoyt had a 16–12 record with a 3.85 ERA in 218 innings for the 1926 season. This was Hoyt's fourth World Series with the New York Yankees, and he entered the 1926 Series with over 35 innings of pitching experience in the championship series. [cite web
url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/h/hoytwa01.shtml|title=Waite Hoyt Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-22|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc] He was opposed by
Flint Rhem, the Cardinals' 20-game winner who had led the team with both a .741 winning percentage and 258 innings pitched. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/r/rhemfl01.shtml|title=Flint Rhem Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-22|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
In the first inning, after striking out Earle Combs and Mark Koenig, Rhem gave up a solo home run to Babe Ruth. Bob Meusel was then walked, but was tagged out at home after attempting to score on a Lou Gehrig single. The Cardinals came into the bottom of the first with two straight singles to put runners at first and third base. Rogers Hornsby singled in Taylor Douthit to tie the game at 1–1 and moved Billy Southworth to second base. Jim Bottomley flied out to left field, and Les Bell followed with a sacrifice fly to center fielder Combs. With the go-ahead run at third base, Hornsby stole second, but Chick Hafey struck out to end to the Cardinals' run-scoring threat. Two innings later, Ruth came up to the plate with two outs and hit Rhem's pitch for a solo home run, his second of the game. Gehrig led off the next inning with a strikeout. Tony Lazzeri followed with a walk, and Joe Dugan hit a run-scoring double. Catcher Hank Severeid hit a single into center field, and Dugan ran towards home. He was tagged out at the plate by catcher Bob O'Farrell. The Yankees' starter Hoyt struck out to end the inning.
The Cardinals responded by scoring three runs in the bottom of the fourth inning. With one out and no runners on the bases, Hafey hit a single. O'Farrell followed and hit a ground ball towards Koenig that he bobbled, enabling O'Farrell and Hafey to reach first and second base, respectively. Tommy Thevenow followed with a double to right field that got by Meusel, scoring Hafey and moving O'Farrell to third base. Cardinals' manager Rogers Hornsby then put in left-handed
infielder Specs Toporczerto pinch-hit for Rhem, who was done pitching for the game. Toporczer hit a fly ball to Earle Combs in center field, upon which O'Farrell promptly tagged up to score another Cardinal run. With the game tied at three apiece and a runner at second base, Douthit hit a double in the outfield, which scored Thevenow. Southworth followed with a single to left fielder Ruth, and Douthit immediately tried to score. Ruth threw from left field to catcher Hank Severeid, who tagged Douthit out at home plate.
To start the top of the fifth inning, Art Reinhart was put in as pitcher. Reinhart walked Combs and followed by giving up a run-scoring double to Koenig. He then walked Ruth and Meusel in succession to load the bases for Gehrig. Reinhart walked Gehrig, allowing Koenig to score and keeping the bases loaded with no outs.
Hi Bellreplaced Reinhart as pitcher, but he was not able to suppress the Yankees' offense. Lazzeri hit a sacrifice fly to right field, which scored Ruth and moved Meusel up to third base. Dugan then hit a weak groundball; he was thrown out at first by catcher O'Farrell, but Meusel scored and Gehrig went to second base. Bell then balked, moving Gehrig to third base. Severeid was walked, and pitcher Hoyt ended the inning by hitting into a force playat second base.
The Yankees expanded on their three-run lead in the next inning. After the entire Yankees lineup batted in the fifth inning, Combs was back at the plate to start the sixth. Combs hit an infield single past shortstop Thevenow. Koenig followed by striking out. Ruth, with two home runs already in the game, came up to the plate. The count on Ruth went up to three balls and two strikes before he hit a long home run. Ruth's three home runs was a feat equaled again by Ruth in 1928, and by Yankees slugger
Reggie Jacksonin 1977. [cite web|url=http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/postseason/mlb_ws_recaps.jsp?feature=1977|title=World Series History: 1977 World Series|accessdate=2007-05-20|publisher= MLB.com] As one of the game announcers (either McNamee or Carlin) [cite book | last=Smelser | first=Marshall | title=The Life That Ruth Built: A Biography| publisher= The New York Times Book Company| location=New York | year = 1975|isbn=0-8129-0540-7| pages=pp. 337–338 Smelser writes that radio transcripts did not indicate who—either Graham McNameeor Phillips Carlin—announced Ruth's third home run.] described the situation:
quote|The Babe is up. Two home runs today. One ball, far outside. Babe's shoulders look as if there is murder in them down there, the way he is swinging that bat down there. A high foul into the left-field stands. That great big bat of Babe's looks like a toothpick down there, he is so big himself. Here it is. Babe shot a bad one and fouled it. Two strikes and one ball. The outfield have all moved very far towards right. It is coming up now. A little too close. Two strikes and two balls. He has got two home runs and a base on balls so far today. Here it is, and a ball. Three and two. The Babe is waving that wand of his over the plate. Bell is loosing up his arm. The Babe is hit clear into the center-field bleachers for a home run! For a home run! Did you hear what I said? Where is that fellow who told me not to talk about Ruth anymore? Send him up here.
Oh what a shot! Directly over second. The boys are all over him over there. One of the boys is riding on Ruth's back. Oh, what a shot! Directly over second base far into the bleachers out in center field, and almost on a line and then that dumbell, where is he, who told me not to talk about Ruth! Oh, boy! Not that I love Ruth, but oh, how I love to see a shot like that! Wow! That is a world's series record, three home runs in one world's series game and what a home run! That was probably the longest hit ever in Sportsman's Park. They tell me this is the first ball ever hit in the center-field stand. That is a mile and half from here. You know what I mean. [Smelser, pp. 337–338.]
It was measured at over convert|430|ft|m and had cleared the convert|20|ft|m wall in center field, crashing through the window of an auto dealer across the street from the stadium. Locals claimed it was the longest home run ever hit in St. Louis. Meusel then hit a single in right field, but was tagged out as he tried to head for second base. Gehrig followed with a double to the opposite side, but could not score when Lazzeri popped up to Thevenow to end the inning.
In the seventh inning, the Yankees faced a new pitcher, this time a southpaw named
Bill Hallahan, who served as both a starter and reliever for the Cardinals. After Severeid singled and subsequently advanced on a sacrifice bunt by Hoyt, he scored on a double hit into left field by Combs. The Yankees led 10–4 and did not get any more runs or hits in the eighth or ninth inning. The Cardinals came up to bat in the bottom of the ninth inning with Hoyt trying to hold on to his six-run lead. Hornsby singled to right field and advanced to second base on the following play. He then ran home to score a run on a Les Bell single to center field. Hafey then popped up in foul territory, and Severeid made the catch. The game ended with a 10–5 score. Waite Hoyt pitched a complete game, allowing two earned runs on 14 hits while striking out eight batters. The Cardinals' five pitchers combined to give up 10 Yankee runs and 14 hits. With the series tied at two games apiece, both teams anticipated Game 5, which featured a rematch between Herb Pennock and Bill Sherdel.
Babe Ruth and Johnny Sylvester
The 1926 World Series produced one of the most famous anecdotes in baseball history, involving Babe Ruth and Johnny Sylvester. Sylvester was an 11-year-old boy from Essex Fells,
New Jersey, who was supposedly hospitalized after falling off a horse. Sylvester asked his father to get him a baseball autographed by Babe Ruth. Prior to the start of the World Series, the boy's parents sent urgent telegrams to the Yankees in St. Louis, asking for an autographed ball. Soon, the family received an airmailpackage with two balls, one autographed by the entire St. Louis Cardinals team and the other with signatures from a number of Yankees players and a personal message from Ruth saying, "I'll knock a homer for you on Wednesday".cite news|url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE0DD1531F932A25752C0A966958260|title= Johnny Sylvester, the Inspiration For Babe Ruth Heroics, Is Dead|last=Thomas|first=Robert, Jr.|date=1990-01-11|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-05-15] After Ruth hit three home runs in Game 4 on Wednesday, October 6, newspapers reported that Sylvester's condition had miraculously improved. After the World Series had ended, Ruth made a highly publicized visit to Sylvester's home, in which the boy said to Ruth, "I'm sorry the Yanks lost the series". [cite news|title='Dr.' Babe Ruth Calls On His Boy Patient|date= 1926-10-12|work=The New York Times|pages=p. 1] In the spring of 1927, Sylvester's uncle visited Ruth and thanked him for saving the boy's life. Ruth asked how the boy was doing and asked the uncle to give the boy his regards. After the man left, Ruth, who was seated next to a group of baseball writers, said, "Now who the hell is Johnny Sylvester?" [cite book|last=Creamer|first=Robert W.|authorlink=Robert Creamer|title=The Norton Book of Sports|editor=George Plimpton|publisher= W. W. Norton & Company|location=New York|year=1992|pages=p. 380|isbn=0-393-03040-7] [Eig (2005), p. 81.]
There have been many alternate versions of this event. One version, which was later portrayed in the "
The Babe Ruth Story", claims that Ruth went to Sylvester's hospital bed and promised him in person that he would hit a home run for him. On October 9, Ruth followed up on Sylvester and told him he would "try to knock you another homer, maybe two today". Differing newspaper reports from October 1926 claimed that Sylvester suffered from blood poisoning, a spinal infection, a sinus condition, or had a condition requiring a spinal fusion. Contemporary analyses dispute whether Sylvester was ever hospitalized, dying, or if Ruth's three home runs had actually saved the boy's life, as claimed by the newspapers.
Herb Pennock(2–0)|LP= Bill Sherdel(0–2)|SV=|
Game 5, played at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis on October 7, featured a rematch between Game 1 starters Herb Pennock and Bill Sherdel. Pennock had pitched a
complete gamethree-hitter in the 2–1 Yankees victory, while Sherdel had pitched seven innings, giving up two runs and six hits.
Through the first three innings of the fourth game, both pitchers held the opposing team to no runs and a limited number of hits. In the bottom of the fourth inning, the Cardinals cracked through Pennock's tough pitching. Jim Bottomley began by hitting a one-out double past left fielder Babe Ruth. Les Bell followed with a single to right field, scoring Bottomley. Chick Hafey then hit a fly ball caught in
foul territoryby Ruth, and Bell was called out while attempting to steal second base. In the top of the sixth inning, Pennock hit a line drivedouble into left fieldpast Hafey. Cardinals' catcher Bob O'Farrell threw to Tommy Thevenow in hopes of picking off Pennock, who was standing a considerable distance away from second base. Thevenow made an error with his tag on Pennock, and Pennock was safe at second base. Earle Combs, the Yankees lead-off hitter, followed by drawing a walk. With runners at first and second base, Koenig hit a single to left fielder Hafey. Pennock scored on the play, and Combs moved to second base. Ruth then struck out, and Bob Meusel followed by hitting a sacrifice flyto right fielder Billy Southworth, on which Combs promptly advanced to third base. Lou Gehrig drew a walk to load the bases for Tony Lazzeri, who ended the inning by hitting a fly ball to center fielder Wattie Holm.
The Cardinals came back to take the lead in the bottom of the seventh inning. Bell led the inning by hitting a double into left field. After a Hafey fly out, O'Farrell hit a single to Ruth in left field, and Bell ran from second base to home to score the run and give the Cardinals a 2–1 advantage. In the top of the ninth inning, the Yankees tied up the game. Gehrig lined a double to left field, and Lazzeri bunted a single, advancing Gehrig to third base.
Ben Paschalwent in as a pinch-hitter for Joe Dugan and singled into center field, scoring Gehrig and advancing Lazzeri to second base. Severeid laid down a weak bunt, and Cardinals catcher O'Farrell threw to third base to make the force out on Lazzeri. With runners at first and second base, Pennock hit a groundball to shortstop Thevenow, who tossed it to second base to get the force out on Severeid. With Pennock at first base and Paschal at third base, Combs grounded to second base, ending the Yankees' hope of taking the lead. The Cardinals could not break the 2–2 tie in the bottom of the ninth inning, so the game went into extra innings.
The Yankees immediately took advantage of Sherdel in the top of the tenth inning. Koenig led things off by singling into left field. Sherdel threw a wild pitch to Ruth, and Koenig advanced to second base. Ruth then walked, and Meusel followed with a sacrifice bunt straight to pitcher Sherdel. Meusel was out at first, but Ruth and Koenig were safe at second and third base, respectively. Gehrig was intentionally walked, loading the bases. Lazzeri hit a fly ball to left field, and Koenig tagged up on the play to score a run and give the Yankees a one-run lead.
Mike Gazella, in place of Joe Dugan at third base, was hit by a pitch from Sherdel. With the bases loaded again, Severeid popped up to second baseman Rogers Hornsby to end the Yankee rally. The Cardinals got a single from Thevenow in the bottom of the tenth inning, but they could not score any runs. The game ended with the Yankees winning by a score of 3–2. Both Pennock and Sherdel pitched 10-inning complete games. Sherdel gave up nine hits and two earned runs, while walking five and striking out two. Pennock finished the game giving up just seven hits and two runs, while striking out four batters.
Grover Cleveland Alexander(2–0)|LP= Bob Shawkey(0–1)|SV=
The teams moved back to
Yankee Stadiumfor Game 6. Over 48,000 fans came into Yankee Stadium on October 9 to see if the Yankees could win their second World Series in franchise history. The game's pitching matchup was between Grover Cleveland Alexander and Bob Shawkey, both of whom had made appearances in previous games in the series. Shawkey had come in as relief in Games 2 and 3, while Alexander had pitched a complete game against the Yankees in the Cardinals' Game 2 victory. In the 1926 season, Shawkey had made most of his pitching appearances in relief, and had been an occasional starter on the Yankees rotation. He started 10 of his 29 total pitching appearances and posted an 8–7 record with a 3.62 earned run average. [cite web|url=http://www.baseball-reference.com/s/shawkbo01.shtml|title=Bob Shawkey Statistics|accessdate=2007-05-22|publisher=Sports-Reference, Inc]
The game was lopsided from the start. In the top of the first inning, Shawkey gave up three runs on three hits, with the runs coming from a Jim Bottomley double and Les Bell single. Alexander encountered a minor setback in the fourth inning. To open up the bottom of the inning, Bob Meusel launched a triple into left field and scored on the following ground out by Lou Gehrig. Alexander shut down the Yankees for the rest of the inning, and the Cardinals held on to a 3–1 lead. In the top of the fifth inning, the Cardinals expanded their two-run lead. Tommy Thevenow hit a single to left fielder Babe Ruth. Alexander laid down a sacrifice bunt and was tagged out by first baseman Gehrig, but was successful in advancing Thevenow to second base. Wattie Holm, substituting for Taylor Douthit as center fielder, followed by hitting a single into center field, scoring Thevenow on the play. Billy Southworth and Rogers Hornsby followed with groundouts in the infield to end the inning.
The Cardinals scored again in the top of the seventh inning. Thevenow again led the inning by hitting a single into left field. Alexander bunted right in front of the plate. Yankees catcher Hank Severeid made the throw to second baseman Tony Lazzeri, but Lazzeri made an error on the play, and both runners were safe at their respective bases. Holm followed by hitting a weak grounder that led to a force out of Thevenow at third base. With runners at first and second base, Southworth lined a double right by Ruth, scoring Alexander and sending Holm to third base. Urban Shocker, the starter in Game 2, then came in to relieve Shawkey as pitcher. Shocker gave up a single to Hornsby into center field, allowing Holm and Southworth to score. Bottomley then hit a grounder to shortstop Mark Koenig, who stepped on second base to get Hornsby out on the force play. Bell followed with a two-run home run, extending the Cardinals' lead to 9–1. Chick Hafey lined a double into left field, but Bob O'Farrell ended the inning by striking out. In the bottom of the seventh inning, the Yankees scored one run on an Earle Combs single to cut the Cardinals' lead to seven runs.
In the eighth inning, Myles Thomas came in to relieve Shocker, who had given up three hits and two unearned runs in less than an inning of work. Meanwhile, Alexander shut down the Yankees offense for the rest of the game. In the top of the ninth inning, the Cardinals increased their lead back to eight runs after Hornsby had an RBI groundout, scoring Southworth. Alexander finished with his second complete game of the series and gave up only two runs on eight hits, while striking out six batters. The three Yankee
pitchers combined to give up 13 hits, seven earned runs, three unearned runs, and one home run.
Jesse Haines(2–0)|LP= Waite Hoyt(1–1)|SV= Grover Cleveland Alexander(1)
The deciding Game 7 was played on October 10, 1926, at Yankee Stadium in front of a crowd of 38,093 people. The game featured two future Baseball Hall of Famers, who were both winners in their respective pitching appearances earlier in the series. Jesse Haines took to the mound for the Cardinals; he had pitched in relief in Game 1 and threw a complete game shutout against the Yankees in Game 3. Waite Hoyt had pitched a complete game 10–5 Yankees victory in Game 4.
The Yankees scored the first run of the game in the third inning on a Babe Ruth solo home run into the right field
bleachers. In the following half inning, the Cardinals came back to take a 3–1 lead over the Yankees. Jim Bottomley lined a one-out single into left field to start the Cardinals' fourth inning rally. Les Bell just barely made it to first base after shortstop Mark Koenig accidentally kicked the ball while trying to field it. With runners at first and second base, Chick Hafey hit a bloop single into left field, which loaded up the bases for catcher Bob O'Farrell. This time, left fielder Bob Meusel made an error by dropping O'Farrell's fly ball, so Bottomley scored to tie the game, and the bases remained loaded. Tommy Thevenow followed with a two-run single to right fielder Ruth. Haines struck out the next batter, and Wattie Holm hit into a force play at second base. All three runs in the inning were charged as unearned on Hoyt, due to the two Yankee errors.
In the sixth inning, the Yankees cut the Cardinals lead. With two outs, Joe Dugan hit a single. Hank Severeid followed with a double, scoring Dugan, before pinch-hitter Ben Paschal grounded to Haines to end the inning. Game 1 and 5 winner Herb Pennock came in relief for Hoyt in the seventh inning. He yielded only one hit in the inning and limited the Cardinals to their 3–2 lead. In the bottom half of the inning, the Yankees loaded up the bases with Earle Combs, Ruth and Lou Gehrig. At this point, there were two outs, and Haines had developed a blister on his pitching hand, and could no longer pitch in the game.cite book | last=Stout | first=Glenn | title=Yankees Century: 100 Years of New York Yankees Baseball| publisher=
Houghton Mifflin| location=New York | year = 2002|isbn=0-618-08527-0| pages=p. 118 ]
Rogers Hornsby had to determine who he would put in to replace Haines as pitcher. Although Grover Cleveland Alexander had pitched a complete game the day before and may have spent the night drinking, [cite web|last=Finkel|last=Jan|url=http://bioproj.sabr.org/bioproj.cfm?a=v&v=l&pid=140&bid=945|title=The Baseball Biography Project: Pete Alexander|accessdate=2008-03-18|publisher=
Society for American Baseball Research] Hornsby decided to trust him after Alexander said he "had it in easy in there" in Game 6 and would be ready whenever Hornsby needed him. The first two pitches thrown by Alexander to batter Tony Lazzeri went for a strike and a ball, respectively. On the third pitch, Lazzeri hit a fly ball down the left field line. The ball initially appeared to be going into the stands for a grand slam, but at the last minute, it curved several feet into the stands in foul territory.Stout (2002), p. 119.] Alexander then threw a fastball that Lazzeri swung late at and missed for strike three, ending the inning and the Yankees' threat.
Alexander retired the Yankees in order in the eighth inning. The Cardinals did nothing offensively in the top of the ninth inning, so it was up to Alexander to preserve the Cardinals' game in the bottom of the ninth. Alexander got the first two batters of the inning, Combs and Dugan, to ground out to third baseman Bell. With two outs and no runners on base, Alexander faced Ruth. Ruth had hit a solo home run and walked three times in the game. Manager Hornsby walked to the mound to talk with Alexander. Alexander told Hornsby that he would rather face Ruth than intentionally walk him. Alexander's first pitch to Ruth fell in for a solid strike in the middle of the plate. Alexander's next pitch fell outside of the
strike zonefor ball one. Ruth then fouled the next pitch, making the count one ball and two strikes. Alexander's next two pitches fell too low for balls two and three, making it a full count.Levenson (2002), p. 37.] The following full count pitch was noted by " New York Herald Tribune" sportswriter W. O. McGeehan: "The count went to three and two, Ruth was swaying eagerly. The soupbone creaked again. The ball seemed a fraction of an inch from being a strike. Ruth paused a moment. Even he was uncertain. Then he trotted down to first."
With two outs and Ruth at first base, left fielder Bob Meusel came up to the plate. Meusel was a .315 hitter that year and had batted in 81 runs in just over 100 regular season games. Meusel also had success in Game 6 against Alexander, with a double and triple. Just as Meusel was about to take his first pitch, Ruth made the bold move of trying to steal second base. Ruth was known as a good but overly aggressive baserunner, with about a 50% success rate at stealing bases in his career, and his attempt surprised many people throughout the stadium. Meusel swung and missed at the pitch, and Cardinals
catcherBob O'Farrell immediately threw the ball to second baseman Hornsby. Hornsby reached for the ball, and laid the tag immediately on Ruth. Ruth was called out, and the game was over. As the game announcer described it, "Ruth is walked again for the fourth time today. One strike on Bob Meusel. Going down to second! The game is over! Babe tried to steal second and is put out catcher to second!" [Smelser (1975), p. 340.]
As Hornsby recalled later, Ruth "didn't say a word. He didn't even look around or up at me. He just picked himself up and walked away". Ruth's failed attempt to steal second base ended the game and the 1926 World Series; it is, as of 2008, the only time a World Series has ended with a runner being caught stealing. [cite journal|last=Vass|first=George|year=2001|month=February|journal=
Baseball Digest|title=Obscure Records Part of the Game's Attraction |url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCI/is_2_60/ai_69057362|accessdate=2007-10-03] Ruth explained later that he attempted to steal second base because he thought no one would expect it. He hoped that by getting to second base, he could have an easier chance at scoring if Meusel hit a single into the outfield.
The Cardinals went back home to St. Louis to a rapturous fan reception, having won their first World Series championship. Each member of the championship team collected $5,584.51, while the Yankees' players were given $3,417.75 each.D'Amore (2004), p. 71.]
St. Louis Cardinals(4) vs. AL New York Yankees(3)
St. Louis Cardinals
New York Yankees
Total attendance: 328,051cite web|url=http://www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/wsshares.shtml|title=World Series Gate Receipts and Player Shares|accessdate=2007-05-24|publisher=Baseball Almanac] Average attendance: 46,864 | Winning player’s share: $5,585 Losing player’s share: $3,418
* [http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/mlb/history/postseason/mlb_ws_recaps.jsp?feature=1926 1926 World Series at "WorldSeries.com (MLB.com)"]
* [http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1926/YPS_1926.htm 1926 World Series box scores and play-by-play at Retrosheet.org]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
World Series — This article is about the annual championship series of Major League Baseball. For other uses, see World Series (disambiguation). The Commissioner s Trophy MLB Postseason Division series American League … Wikipedia
World Series 2008 — Team Siege Regular Season Philadelphia Phillies 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 2009 — Team Siege Regular Season New York Yankees 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series — Baseball Trophäe World Series bezeichnet das Finale der US amerikanischen Baseball Profiligen. In den World Series treffen jährlich im Oktober die Sieger der National League und der American League aufeinander. Der Sieger der World Series ist… … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 2003 — Team Siege Regular Season Florida Marlins 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 1989 — Team Siege Regular Season Oakland Athletics 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 1991 — Team Siege Regular Season … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 2010 — Team Siege Regular Season San Francisco Giants 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 1919 — Team Siege Regular Season Cincinnati Reds 5 96–44, 6 … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Series 2002 — Team Siege Regular Season Anaheim Angels 4 … Deutsch Wikipedia