Anura Bandaranaike


Anura Bandaranaike

Infobox MP
honorific-prefix = The Honourable
name = Anura Bandaranaike
honorific-suffix =


caption =Anura Bandaranaike as Speaker of the Parliament
order = Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Higher Education, Tourism and National Heritage
order2 = Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka
constituency_MP =Nuwara Eliya
parliament =Sri Lanka
majority =
term_start =1977
term_end =2008
predecessor =
successor =
birth_date = February 15, 1949
birth_place = Attanagalle, Sri Lanka
death_date = March 16, 2008
death_place = Colombo, Sri Lanka
nationality = Sri Lankan
party = Sri Lanka Freedom Party
otherparty =
spouse =
partner =
relations =
children =
residence =
alma_mater =
occupation =Politician
profession =
net worth =
religion = Buddhist


website =
footnotes =

Anura Priyadarshi Solomon Dias Bandaranaike (February 15, 1949 – March 16, 2008) was a Sri Lankan politician, served as Speaker (2000-2001), and in several cabinet ministries as Foreign Minister briefly in 2005, Minister of Higher Education (1993 - 1994), Minister of Tourism (April 2004 – January 2007), Minister of National Heritage (2007) and Leader of the Opposition (1983 - 1988). He last served as a member of parliament from the opposition.

Early life

He was the son of former Prime Ministers Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike and Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike and the younger brother of former President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga and Sunethra Bandaranaike, philanthropist. His father, Solomon, while serving as prime minister, was assassinated when Bandaranaike was 10 years old.

His family has a long history in the socio-political arena of the country. His grandfather, Sir Solomon Dias Bandaranike was the Maha Mudaliyar (the chief native interpreter and advisor to the Governor) during British colonial rule. Despite these family connections, Bandaranaike missed the chance of becoming the President of Sri Lanka on several occasions. He attended Royal College, Colombo and proceeded to the University of London, to read for a degree in History at University College London, but returned to Sri Lanka without graduating to enter politics.

Political career

Bandaranaike was elected to Parliament in 1977 from the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) although it faced a crushing defeat that year and has been a member of parliament up until his death in 2008. Became the leader of the opposition from 1983 to 1988. Leaving his family's party in 1993 to join the United National Party (UNP), he served as Minister of Higher Education from 1993 to 1994. Serving in the opposition from 1994 to 2000, he was elected as Speaker of the 11th Parliament. He rejoined SLFP in 2001 to contest the elections in December that year, although the SLFP with its coalition faced a massive defeat Bandaranaike was elected to Parliament. When the SLFP led alliance of UPFA won the elections in 2004 with support of the JVP, Bandaranaike became Minister of Tourism, Industry and Investment in the new government. Following the assassination of foreign minister Lakshman Kadirgamar in August 2005, Bandaranaike was appointed as Foreign Minister, amidst increased tension throughout the country. He dropped his position as minister of industry and investment, but remained tourism minister. The party chose Mahinda Rajapakse over Bandaranaike as its candidate for the presidential election in 2005. Following Rajapakse's election victory it had been widely predicted that Bandaranaike would be appointed Prime Minister or remain as foreign minister.

However he was accused of playing a "negative"/"non supportive" role in the campaign and was offered only the tourism ministry instead. In a cabinet reshuffle in January 2007, Anura also lost the tourism ministry but remained as national heritage. On 9 February 2007, he was sacked as the minister of national heritage, together with ministers Mangala Samaraweera and Sripathi Sooriyarachchi after falling out with the Mahinda Rajapakse, the party leader. Less than two weeks later, after reconciling with Rajapakse, Bandaranaike agreed to come back into the government, again being sworn in as Minister of National Heritage. On the 14 December 2007 he crossed over to the opposition benches thus leaving his ministerial posts. Despite being in politics for over a quarter of a century, he has only been in a governing side for about 5 years.cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4173570.stm|title=FM chosen from Sri Lankan dynasty|publisher=BBC News|date=22 August 2005] cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4241464.stm|title=Sri Lanka ruling party sparks fly|publisher=BBC News|date=13 September 2005] cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/news/story/2007/09/070930_burma_bahila.shtml|title=Anura: Boycott Burmese products|publisher=BBC News|date=30 September, 2007]

Death

He died on 16 March 2008 in Colombo at his official residence, "Visumpaya" following a period of prolonged illness for which he was hospitalized for several months. A few weeks prior to his death he had taken 3 months leave from parliament.

References

External links

* [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/gen1001.html The Bandaranaike Ancestry]
* [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/gen3060.html The Ratwatte Ancestry]
* [http://internet-moneys.com/data/Political_families_of_the_world Political Families of The World]
* [http://www.parliament.lk/handbook_of_parliament/speakers.jsp Website of the Parliament of Sri Lanka - list of Speakers]
* [http://www.parliament.lk/handbook_of_parliament/speakers.jsp Website of the Parliament of Sri Lanka - list of Leaders of the Opposition]
* [http://www.srilankafreedomparty.org/ Sri Lanka Freedom Party's official Website]

Succession box
title = Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka
before = Lakshman Kadirgamar
after = Mangala Samaraweera
years = 2005

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anura Bandaranaike — Anura Priyadarshi Solomon Dias Bandaranaike (15 février 1949, Colombo 16 mars 2008, Colombo) est un homme politique srilankais, porte parole du gouvernement (2000 2001), ministre des affaires étrangères en 2005, ministre de l éducation supérieure …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anura Bandaranaike — (* 15. Februar 1949 in Colombo; † 16. März 2008 ebenda) war ein sri lankischer Politiker. Leben Bandaranaike wurde als Sohn von S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike und dessen Frau Sirimavo Bandaranaike, beide Premierminister in Sri Lanka, geboren. Seine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bandaranaike — might be one of the following people *Sir Solomon Dias Bandaranike was the Head Mudaliyar (chief native interpreter and adviser) to the Governor one of the most powerful personalities in British colonial Ceylon. *Solomon Bandaranaike (1899 ndash; …   Wikipedia

  • Bandaranaike — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anura Bandaranaike (1949–2008), Politiker aus Sri Lanka Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (* 1945), Premierministerin und Präsidentin von Sri Lanka Sirimavo Bandaranaike (1916–2000), Premierministerin von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bandaranaike, Sirimavo R.D. — ▪ prime minister of Sri Lanka in full  Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike  born April 17, 1916, Ratnapura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] died October 10, 2000, Colombo, Sri Lanka  stateswoman who, upon her party s victory in the 1960 Ceylon general… …   Universalium

  • Bandaranaike, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias — ▪ 2001       Sri Lankan political leader (b. April 17, 1916, Ratnapura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka] d. Oct. 10, 2000, Gampaha, Sri Lanka), became in 1960 the first woman in the world to serve as a prime minister. She was a member of a family dynasty… …   Universalium

  • Sirimavo Bandaranaike — Infobox Prime Minister imagesize =71px order =7th Prime Minister of Ceylon term start =July 21 1960 term end =March 27 1965 monarch = Queen Elizabeth II predecessor =Dudley Shelton Senanayake successors =Dudley Shelton Senanayake order2 = 9th… …   Wikipedia

  • Solomon Bandaranaike — Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (* 8. Januar 1899; † 26. September 1959) war von 1956 bis 1959 Premierminister von Ceylon, dem heutigen Sri Lanka. Biografie Er wurde am 8. Januar 1899 geboren. Sein Vater Sir Don Solomon Dias Bandaranaike… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike — (* 8. Januar 1899; † 26. September 1959) war von 1956 bis 1959 Premierminister von Ceylon, dem heutigen Sri Lanka. Biografie Er wurde am 8. Januar 1899 geboren. Sein Vater Sir Don Solomon Dias Bandaranaike und seine Mutter Lady Eslin Daisy… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sunethra Bandaranaike — is a Sri Lankan philanthropist and former politician. She is the eldest daughter of former Prime Ministers Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike and Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike and sister of former President Chandrika Bandaranaike… …   Wikipedia


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