Atlit


Atlit
Atlit
PikiWiki Israel 3723 Newe Yam Atlit Bay .JPG
Atlit coastline
Hebrew עַתְלִית
Also spelled

Atlith (unofficially)

Founded 1903
District Haifa
Coordinates 32°41′14″N 34°56′18″E / 32.68722°N 34.93833°E / 32.68722; 34.93833Coordinates: 32°41′14″N 34°56′18″E / 32.68722°N 34.93833°E / 32.68722; 34.93833
Population 5,300[1] (2008)
Atlit is located in Israel
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Atlit

Atlit (Hebrew: עַתְלִית‎‎) is a coastal town located south of Haifa, Israel. Originally an outpost of the Crusaders, it fell in 1291. The modern village was founded in 1903 under the auspices of Baron Edmond de Rothschild. The population today is 5,300.[1] The Atlit detainee camp is nearby.

Contents

History

Nineteenth century map

Atlit Yam is an ancient submerged Neolithic village off the coast of Atlit, Israel. Atlit-Yam provides the earliest known evidence for an agro-pastoral-marine subsistence system on the Levantine coast.[2]

Atlit shows evidence of human habitation since the early Bronze Age. The Crusaders built Chateau Pelerin, one of the largest citadels in the Holy Land, and one of the last remaining Crusader outposts to withstand the assaults of Baibars (see also: Fall of Ruad). Atlit remained in Crusader hands until 1291. The ruins of the citadel are still visible in modern times.

In 1880, the Survey of Western Palestine notes the existence of a small Arab village of mud huts with a population of 200. In 1903, Jewish settlers build a nearby village which they also called Atlit. During the British Mandate of Palestine, the Arab and Jewish villages were treated statistically as part of the same community. In 1938 there were 508 Arabs and 224 Jews. The Arab presence underwent a sharp decline in the 1940s due to land sales, so that by 1944/5 there were only 150 Arabs still living there (90 Muslims and 60 Christians) alongside about 2,000 Jews. The circumstances under which the remaining Arabs left in 1948 are unknown.[3]

Atlit was declared a local council in 1950, but in 2004 was incorporated in the Hof HaCarmel Regional Council as one of a handful of Regional Committees.

Atlit detainee camp was used by the British authorities to detain Jewish immigrants to Palestine.[4] It is now a museum of the Ha'apala. A base of Israel's naval commando is located nearby.

Former Knesset member Pesah Grupper lives in Atlit, and was head of its local council in 1959-1962, and 1969-1971.

Neighborhoods

Neighborhoods in Atlit are Neve Moshe, Yamit, Giv'at HaPrahim, Giv'at HaBrekhot, Giv'at Sharon, Shoshanat HaYam, HaGoren, Yafe Nof, Argaman, Hofit, Savyonei Atlit and Allon. Atlit is in immediate vicinity of the villages Neve Yam and Ein Carmel.

See also

  • Atlit naval base

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atlit — Basisdaten hebräisch: ‏עתלית‎ Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Atlit — (עתלית) est une municipalité de type agricole située sur la côte méditerranéenne, aux pieds du mont Carmel. Elle est fondée en 1903 sur les terres du baron de Rothschild, et le nom qui lui est donné se réfère au fort médiéval de Atlit, bâti sur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • `Atlit — Original name in latin ‘Atlit Name in other language Atlit, Athlit, Athlith, Atlit, ‘Athlt, ‘Athlth, ‘Atlit State code IL Continent/City Asia/Jerusalem longitude 32.68889 latitude 34.94236 altitude 22 Population 4500 Date 2012 05 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Atlit — n. town in northern Israel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Atlit Railway Station — Infobox Station name=Atlit תחנת עתלית type= image size= image caption= address=Flagicon|ISR Atlit, Israel coordinates= line= other= platform= levels= tracks= parking= bicycle= baggage check= passengers= pass year= pass percent= pass system=… …   Wikipedia

  • Atlit detainee camp — The Atlit detainee camp was a camp for Jewish illegal immigrants seeking refuge in Palestine during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine. Atlit is located on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, 20 km south of Haifa. The camp, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Atlit Yam — The final Pre pottery Neolithic B site of Atlit Yam in Israel dates between 6900 and 6300 BC. Today, it lies between 8 12 m beneath sea level in the Bay of Atlit at the mouth of the Oren river on the Carmel coast. It covers an area of ca. 40.000… …   Wikipedia

  • Atlit camp — camp near Haifa used by the British to confine illegal Jewish immigrants to Palestine …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Festung Atlit — p3 Château Pèlerin Festung Atlit (Château Pelerin) Alternativname(n): Chastel Pelerin, Castrum peregrinorum, Pilgerburg, Festung Atlit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Athlit — p3 Château Pèlerin Festung Atlit (Château Pelerin) Alternativname(n): Chastel Pelerin, Castrum peregrinorum, Pilgerburg, Festung Atlit …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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