Mahallat

Mahallat
محلات
—  city  —
Khorheh ruins near Mahallat.
Mahallat is located in Iran
Mahallat
Coordinates: 33°54′40″N 50°27′11″E / 33.91111°N 50.45306°E / 33.91111; 50.45306Coordinates: 33°54′40″N 50°27′11″E / 33.91111°N 50.45306°E / 33.91111; 50.45306
Country  Iran
Province Markazi
County Mahallat
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 - Total 35,319
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 - Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Mahallat (Persian: محلات, also Romanized as Maḩallāt; also known as Mahallāt Bāla and Maḩallāt-e Bālā)[1] is a city in and the capital of Mahallat County, Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 35,319, in 10,285 families.[2]

In ancient times it was an important location for Zoroastrianism. It has a cold climate, and strong winds during spring and summer. The city is one of the major producers and exporters of flowers in Iran. Every September the city holds a flower festival. In addition, the area surrounding the city is rich with travertine deposits, which are refined into tiles in nearby factories.

There are remains of Hellenistic architecture from Alexander the Great's time in Mahallat as well as fire temple ruins back from the Zoroastrianism era. The city is famous for a large warm water spring flowing from mountains in North into the plain areas of South used for agriculture as well as the urban water supply. There are also hotsprings not so far from the city which has been a source of local tourism since old times due to its assumed medical benefits. Dialect spoken in Mahallat is a version of bigger branch of dialects spoken in central Iran (Yazd, Isfahan, Khonsar) with several words having an eye-catching connection to old Persian.

Mahallat was formerly divided into three major parts. The northern part was Mahallat-e Bala, the area of the Sadat-e Mahallat, the families descending from the prophet Mohammad. In the middle Mahallat-e Ghaleh, originally a vast open space with fields, but in the 18th century two brothers from Sabzevar and their soldiers and servants built castles here and developed the area. The family was later known as Amiri, Amirkhani, Elahi and Khosrovani (Mahallati). The southern part was named Mahallat-e Pain and this was where the Aga Khan built his huge castle.

The First Iranian to become a US citizen, Hajj Sayyah Mahallati and Aga Khan II, a religious leader were born in Mahallat.


References

  1. ^ Mahallat can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3073407" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. http://www.amar.org.ir/DesktopModules/FTPManager/upload/upload2360/newjkh/newjkh/00.xls. 

External links



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