A headbutt is a strike with the head, typically involving the use of robust parts of the
craniumas areas of impact. Effective headbutting revolves around striking a sensitive area with a less sensitive area, such as striking the noseof an opponent with the forehead. It is known as a risky maneuver: a misplaced headbutt can cause more damage to the person delivering the headbutt than to the person receiving it.
From French "boter" = "to push or strike". Rams are well known for butting with their heads and horns. From this the terms
battering ramand hydraulic ramare derived. Many males in various animal species employ butting during courtship.
Headbutts can be used from close range such as from the clinch, or on the ground. They are typically applied to the head of the opponent, since the head is often a readily available target and has several sensitive areas. An effective headbutt can be performed with a forward, rising, sideways or backwards motion; each being effective from different positions.
Parts of the cranium with thick
boneand high local curvature make for good weapon areas, and these include the forehead near the hairline, the outboard curved part of the parietal bone, and the occiput. Ideal targets are usually the fragile areas of the head, including the bridge of the nose, the cheekbones, the hinge area of the jaw, the temple, and the top edge of the eye socket.
Hitting the opponent's
teethor mouthis likely to cause mutual damage. The chin of the enemy is also a generally bad position to headbutt unless striking from below up into the bottom of the chin, similar to an uppercut. With sufficient force, one could cause the opponent to bite through his or her tongue, or slam the opponent's teeth together so hard as to break them against each other. However, headbutting the chin hard enough to accomplish such a task is very difficult.
Headbutts are generally forbidden in most sports.
Headbutting has recently received some attention due to its use by some players during
FIFA World Cupmatches. Headbutting is considered illegal in association footballand is punishable by a red card. In the 1998 FIFA World Cup, Ariel Ortegaheadbutted Dutch keeper Edwin van der Sarin the Argentina vs. Netherlands quarterfinal match and was sent off. In the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Rafael Marquezheadbutted Cobi Jonesin the Round of 16 match between USA and lost 2-0. In the 2006 FIFA World Cupanother Dutch player, Mark van Bommelwas headbutted, this time by Luís Figoin the Portugal vs. Netherlands Round of 16match, but Figo received only a yellow card for his offense. In the final match against Italy, Frenchman Zinedine Zidaneheadbutted the Italian Marco Materazziin the chest, for which he received a red card and a subsequent three match ban (although the red card meant Zidane could play no further part in the match, the three-match ban had no effect since he had previously announced his intention to retire after the World Cup).
Headbutts are also used as displays of affection among humans. Typically, such headbutts will be aimed at the chest, stomach or arms and are done with force so as not to inflict pain. It is probable that the practice is influenced by pets, such as dogs and cats, nuzzling their owners.
* Moffatt, Gerald. [http://stickgrappler.tripod.com/rma/gmhead.html Headbutts or How to be a Nutter] . "stickgrappler.tripod.com". URL last accessed
February 2 2006.
* [http://www.hubbardtwppd.org/selfdefense/headbutt.htm Self Defense: The Standard Headbutt]
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Look at other dictionaries:
headbutt — also head butt, by 1946 (v.), from HEAD (Cf. head) (n.) + BUTT (Cf. butt) (v.). As a noun, recorded by 1967 … Etymology dictionary
headbutt — ► VERB ▪ attack (someone) using a forceful thrust with the head. ► NOUN ▪ an act of headbutting … English terms dictionary
headbutt — 1. noun /ˈhɛdbʌt/ A sharp blow delivered by driving the head into the opponent, generally by lowering the head and charging forward or by rapidly tilting the head backward and then forward. 2. verb /ˈhɛdbʌt/ To deliver a sharp blow by driving the … Wiktionary
headbutt — head|butt [ˈhedbʌt] v [T] to deliberately hit someone with your head … Dictionary of contemporary English
headbutt — see head butt … English dictionary
headbutt — v. hit a person using a strong thrust with the head n. act of headbutting; when a cat gets the attention of a person by rubbing his head into the person … English contemporary dictionary
headbutt — verb attack (someone) using a forceful and aggressive thrust with the head. noun an act of headbutting … English new terms dictionary
headbutt — verb (T) to deliberately hit someone in the stomach with your head … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
headbutt — /ˈhɛdbʌt/ (say hedbut) verb (t) 1. to butt (someone) using one s head as a weapon. –noun 2. an act of butting with the head. –headbutter, noun –headbutting, noun … Australian English dictionary
headbutt — verb butt with the head The soccer player headbutted his oponent and was sent off the field • Hypernyms: ↑butt, ↑bunt • Verb Frames: Somebody s somebody … Useful english dictionary