List of Grand Lodges

This is a chronological list of "regular" or "mainstream" Masonic Grand Lodges as recognized by the United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE). A Grand Lodge (or "Grand Orient" as it is called in some jurisdictions) is the governing body that supervises "Craft", or "Blue Lodge", Freemasonry in a particular jurisdiction or geographical area. All Lodges holding a dispensation, warrant or charter from a UGLE-recognized Grand Lodge in their jurisdiction are widely considered to be legitimate. Non-UGLE-recognized Grand Lodges and Lodges are controversial and are widely considered to be "irregular" and illegitimate (see General list of masonic Grand Lodges).

Freemasonry Prior to 1717

During the middle ages, lodges of operative freemasons were regulated by statutes that were imposed by the Crown and/or by Parliament. In 1598, and again in 1599, William Schaw, the Master of Work to King James VI of Scotland, promulgated what have become known as "The Schaw Statutes," which effectively regulated not just the operative aspects of the craft, but also the speculative aspects as well. This in turn encouraged the speculative aspects of Freemasonry so that the earliest records of speculative Freemasonry, and the earliest records of non-operative Freemasons, appear in the records of Scottish lodges. As a result of the well-regulated nature of Scottish lodges, there was no need for, and indeed no thought of, a superior regulatory body.

However, due to the decline of Freemasonry in London, in 1717 members of four lodges in London elected to form what they called a "Grand Lodge" to supervise the fraternity and grant charters to new lodges. Masonic lodges observed the time immemorial right of Masons to meet and form their own lodges if they so desired. In London, where there was little regulation over purely speculative lodges, this led to some degree of chaos, as it was difficult to check the credentials of a visitor who claimed to be a Mason. This was especially a problem for the new, higher class, speculative Masons of London who wished to separate themselves from some members of the fraternity who they did not wish to socialize with, such as Irish and Scottish Masons who were lower class workmen in the city.

"Original" Grand Lodges formed by "Time Immemorial" Lodges

The following Grand Lodges were formed by pre-existing "Time Immemorial" lodges (lodges that predated the concept of having Grand Lodges to supervise and coordinate the craft, and thus were retained as having existed from "time immemorial").

* in 1813) [http://www.grandlodge-england.org/ The United Grand Lodge of England - Home Page ] ]

* - est. June 24, 1725 [http://www.irish-freemasons.org/ Home Page ] ]

* - est. 1736 [ [http://www.grandlodgescotland.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=57 Grand Masonic Lodge of Scotland ] ]

* in 1813)

Grand Lodges founded during the Colonial Era

Freemasonry spread from the British Isles during the Colonial Era. All of the "original" Grand Lodges began to issue charters to individual lodges in North America, but the two English Grand Lodges (the "Ancients" and the "Moderns") were the most prolific. Starting in 1730 The Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) began to issue Warrants for Provincial Grand Lodges in the colonies. Initially, these Warrants were issued to individuals, to act as deputies for the Grand Master in a given area for fixed periods of time, and some confusion resulted due to overlapping jurisdictions. To confuse matters further, with the formation of the Antient Grand Lodge, rival Provincial Grand Lodges were chartered under their jurisdiction.

* "Coxe" Provincial Grand Lodge (Moderns) - 1730-1732 - by warrant issued to Daniel Coxe by GLE for two years - (Granted jurisdiction over New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania)Bicentennial Commemorative Volume of Holland Lodge No. 8, published by the Lodge, New York, 1988. pp 9-12]

* Provincial Grand Lodge of New England (Moderns) - Est. 1733 by warrant given to Henry Price. The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts dates itself from the formation of this Provincial Grand Lodge.

* Provicial Grand Lodge of South Carolina - Est. 1737 [ [http://www.scgrandlodgeafm.org/History/History.htm Grand Lodge of South Carolina] Website]

* , he is believed to have taken his warrant with him when he fled to Canada, thus leaving the Moderns Lodges without a Provincial Grand Master.

* Provincial Grand Lodge for North America (Scotland) - Est. 1757 - By warrant issued to Colonel John Young. [Coil, Henry Wilson; "Massachusetts", pg. 412; Coil's Masonic Encyclopedia; publ. 1961, 1996, Richmond Va.]

* Provincial Grand Lodge of Canada - Est. 1759 (Became PGL of Lower Canada, ie Quebec, in 1792) [http://www.glquebec.org/ Grande Loge du Québec - Grand Lodge of Québec ] ]

* Provincial Grand Lodge for Pennsylvania (Ancients) - Est. 1761 - By Warrant issued to William Ball. [Coil, Henry Wilson; "America, Freemasonry into", pg. 33; Coil's Masonic Encyclopedia"; publ. 1961, 1996, Richmond Va.]

* Provincial Grand Lodge of New York ("Athol Charter" - Ancients) - 1781-1784 - Although this PGL was Warranted by the "Ancients", the final Provincial Grand Master, Chancellor Robert R. Livingston (PGM: 1784-87), was actually the Master of a Lodge under the Jurisdiction of the Moderns, thus uniting the two branches of English Freemasonry in New York State. Livingston continued in office as the first Grand Master of the independent GL of NY.

* Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada - Est. 1792 [http://www.grandlodge.on.ca/ Grand Lodge of Canada in the Province of Ontario, Freemasonry, Masonic, Masons ] ]

Independent Grand Lodges

After the American Revolution and the incorporation of the Dominion of Canada, the various Provincial Grand Lodges in North America were closed, and the Lodges in each State or Province formed independent Grand Lodges. These in turn, chartered lodges in the territories in the West and North. As each new State or Province came into being, the lodges that had been chartered within its borders gathered together and formed new Grand Lodges.

* - Est. October 30, 1778 [ [http://www.grandlodgeofvirginia.org/ Grand Lodge of Virginia AF&AM ] ]

* - Est. December 15, 1782 (declared itself Independent Grand Lodge on June 6, 1787) [ [http://www.nymasons.org/ Welcome! | Grand Lodge F. & A. M. State of New York ] ]

* - Est. 1786 [ [http://www.grandlodge.org/ The Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania ] ] (Continuation of Prov. G.L. of Penn. See above.)

* - Est. December 16, 1786 [ [http://www.glofga.org/index.html The Grand Lodge of Georgia F.& A.M ] ]

* - Est. 1788 [ [http://www.scgrandlodgeafm.org/History/CharlestonTimeLine.htm Timeline] from Grand Lodge of South Carolina website]

* - Est. May of 1789 [ [http://www.ctfreemasons.net/ The Grand Lodge of Connecticut A.F. & A.M. - Home ] ]

* - Est. 1792 (continuation of PGL of New England (see above).

* - Est. 1794 [ [http://www.vtfreemasons.org/ Grand Lodge of Vermont F&AM ] ]

* - Est. 1800 [ [http://grandlodgeofkentucky.org/ Grand Lodge of Kentucky Free & Accepted Masons ] ]

* - Est June 6, 1806 [ [http://www.masonsindelaware.org/ The Grand Lodge of Masons in Delaware ] ]

* - Est. January 8, 1808 [ [http://www.freemason.com/ Grand Lodge Free & Accepted Masons of Ohio ] ]

* - Est. 1811 [ [http://www.dcgrandlodge.org/ Freemasons of the Grand Lodge of D.C.: Home ] ]

* - Est June 20, 1812 [http://www.la-mason.com/gl.htm]

* - Est. December 27, 1813 [ [http://www.grandlodge-tn.org/ Grand Lodge of TN - Masonic Lodges of Tennessee ] ]

* - Est. January 13, 1818 [ [http://www.indianafreemasons.com/SchofieldHouse.html Indiana Freemasons Online ] ]

* - Est. June 1, 1820 [ [http://www.mainemason.org/ Grand Lodge of Maine Web Sites ] ]

* - Est. April 21, 1821 [ [http://www.momason.org/ Grand Lodge of Missouri ] ]

* - Est. June 11, 1821 [ [http://www.alafreemasonry.org/ Grand Lodge F & A M of Alabama ] ] [Jackson,Joseph Abram (Grand Historian of the Grand Lodge of Alabama from 1965-1970) "Masonry in Alabama" (published by the Grand Lodge)]

* - Est. June 1826 [ [http://www.gl-mi.org/ Michigan Masons] ]

* - Est. 1838 [Carter, James D.; "Masonry in Texas", pg. 312-313; publ. 1955, Comm. on Masonic Educ. & Service, Grand Lodge of Texas, AF & AM, Waco Tx]

* - Est. 1840 - previous Grand Lodge in existence: 1822-1827 [ [http://www.ilmason.org/ Grand Lodge of Illinois, A.F. and A.M ] ]

* - Est. December 12, 1843 [ [http://www.wisc-freemasonry.org/ Grand Lodge Free & Accepted Masons of Wisconsin ] ]

* - Est. 1844 [ [http://showcase.netins.net/web/iowamasons/PGMS.html Home ] ]

* - Est. 1850 [ [http://www.freemason.org/ Masons of California ] ]

* - Est. February 24, 1853 [ [http://www.mn-masons.org/ Grand Lodge of Minnesota ] ]

* - Est. November 10, 1855

* - Est. 1856 [ [http://www.gl-ks.org/ Grand Lodge Of Kansas ] ]

* - Est. September 23, 1857 [ [http://www.glne.org/ Grand Lodge Of Nebraska ] ] [cite book |last=Reno |first=Russel G. |title=The Sesquicentennial History of the Grand Lodge of Nebraska 1857 to 2007 |year=2007 |publisher=Macoy Publishing & Masonic Supply |location=Richmond, Virginia |isbn=978-0-88053-199-3]

* - Est. 1861 [ [http://www.coloradofreemasons.org/ Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Colorado :: Web Site ] ]

* - Est. January 17, 1865 [ [http://www.nvmasons.org/ Nevada Grand Lodge Website ] ]

* - Est. February 20, 1866 [ [http://www.grandlodgens.org/ Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia A.F. & A.M. - Welcome ] ]

* - Est. 1866 [ [http://www.grandlodgemontana.org/ Grand Lodge of Montana ] ]

* - Est. 1867 [ [http://www.idahoaf.am/ Grand Lodge of Idaho - Ancient Free & Accepted Masons ] ]

* - Est. December 24, 1867 [ [http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/textfiles/bcgrand.html Organization of Grand Lodge ] ]

* - Est. October 10, 1868 [ [http://www.glnb.ca/ The Grand Lodge of New Brunswick - Home ] ]

* - Est. 1869

* - Est. 1872 [ [http://www.utahgrandlodge.org/ Freemasons of Utah ] ]

* - Est. May 12, 1875 [ [http://www.grandlodge.mb.ca/ Grand Lodge of Manitoba › Home ] ]

* - Est. June 23, 1875 [ [http://www.freemasonry.pe.ca/ PEI Masonic Family-Freemasonry on PEI ] ]

* - Est. 1875 [ [http://www.glnd.org/ North Dakota Freemasonry ] ]

* - Est. 1877 [ [http://nmmasons.org/ Page Title ] ]

* - Est. March 23, 1882 [ [http://www.azmasons.org/ Grand Lodge of Arizona Free and Accepted Masons ] ] [ [http://www.wayfarers50.com/history.php Wayfarers Lodge #50 - History ] ]

* - Est. October 12, 1905 [ [http://www.freemasons.ab.ca/ Grand Lodge of Alberta AF & AM ] ]

* - Est. August 09, 1906 [ [http://masons.sk.ca/ masons.sk.ca ] ]

* Est. February 7, 1981 [ [http://www.alaska-mason.org/ Welcome To Alaska Mason.Org ] ]

* Est. July 1, 1989 [ [http://hawaiifreemason.org/ The official website of the Grand Lodge of Free & Accepted Masons of the State of Hawaii ] ]

* - Est. November 1st, 1997 [ [http://www.glnl.ca/ Grand Lodge of Newfoundland and Labrador ] ]

Date of establishment not yet confirmed

* [ [http://www.glflamason.org/ Grand Lodge of Florida ] ]

* [ [http://www.mdmasons.org/gl/default.asp Grand Lodge of Maryland ] ]

* [ [http://www.msgrandlodge.org/ The Official Web Page of THE Grand Lodge of Mississippi F. & A. M ] ]

* [ [http://www.njfreemasonry.org/ Grand Lodge of New Jersey > Home ( DNN 4.4.1 ) ] ]

* [ [http://www.grandlodge-nc.org/ Grand Lodge of A.F.& A. M. of North Carolina ] ]

* [ [http://www.masonic-oregon.com/ Masonic Grand Lodge of Oregon ] ]

* [ [http://www.rimasons.org/ Home ] ]

* [ [http://www.freemason-wa.org/ Most Worshipful Masonic Grand Lodge of Washington ] ]

* [ [http://www.wvmasons.org/ West Virginia Grang Lodge ] ]

* [ [http://www.wyomingmasons.com/ Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. of Wyoming ] ]

ee also

*Freemasonry
*Grand Lodge
*General list of masonic Grand Lodges (not focused on the mainstream US ones)
*Masonic bodies

References


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