Stanisław Małachowski

Stanisław Małachowski (1736–1809) was a member of the Polish government's Permanent Council (Rada Nieustająca) (1776–1780), Marshal of the Crown Courts of Justice from 1774, Crown Grand Referendary (Referendarz Wielki Koronny) (1780–1792) and Marshal of the Four-Year Sejm (1788–1792). He also served as Starosta (prefect) of Ziemia sądecka. In 1782 he was awarded, by King Stanisław August, the Order of the White Eagle.Małachowski began his political career already in his early twenties, as a deputy, in 1758, and showed himself to be of unimpeachable integrity, a rare attribute. Elected Marshal of the Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1788, he worked closely with other leaders of the Patriotic Party, including Ignacy Potocki and Hugo Kołłątaj, the latter of whom addressed him in "Several Anonymous Letters to S.M." (1788). Małachowski supported the aspirations of townspeople for broader political rights, in 1791 ostentatiously accepting citizenship in the Old Town of Warsaw. He co-authored the May Constitution of Poland adopted May 3, 1791.

Małachowski condemned the Targowica Confederation that had been formed to overthrow the new Constitution. When Confederation forces marched in, he left Poland, returning for good only in 1796. He spent the next years on family estates. In 1807 he became president (prezes) of the Governing Commission (Komisja Rządząca), and from October 5--of the Council of Ministers (Rada Ministrów), of the Duchy of Warsaw (Księstwo Warszawskie), and subsequently--of its Senate (Senat).

Małachowski partially emancipated his peasants and assured funding for their medical care.


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  • Stanisław Małachowski — Stanisław Malachowski Stanisław Malachowski Stanisław Malachowski (1736 1809) est le président de la « Grande Diète » (1788 1792) en pologne, et père de la constitution du 3 mai 1791. Il sera aussi président du Sénat du grand duché …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanisław Malachowski — (1736 1809) est le président de la « Grande Diète » (1788 1792) en pologne, et père de la constitution du 3 mai 1791. Il sera aussi président du Sénat du grand duché de Varsovie (1807 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanisław Małachowski — (* 24. August 1735; † 29. Dezember 1809) war ein polnischer Abgeordneter und Staatsmann. Er gilt als einer der maßgeblichen Urheber der Verfassung von 1791. Stanisław Małachowski …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Małachowski — Malachowski bzw. Małachowski ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Kazimierz Małachowski (1765–1845), polnischer General Marie von Malachowski Nauen (1880–1943), deutsche Malerin Nicole Malachowski (* 1974), US amerikanische Pilotin Piotr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malachowski — bzw. Małachowski ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Kazimierz Małachowski (1765–1845), polnischer General Marie von Malachowski Nauen (1880–1943), deutsche Malerin Nicole Malachowski (* 1974), US amerikanische Pilotin Paul Joseph Malachow… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malachowski — Malachowski, alte gräfliche Familie, angesessen im Palatinat Liradie; daraus zeichneten sich bes. aus: 1) Stanislaw I., Krongroßmarschall von Polen, welcher 1699 bevollmächtigter Minister der Krone Polen beim Frieden von Karlowitz war u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki — Coat of arms Piława consort Gertruda Komorowska Józefina Amalia Mniszech Zofia Clavone …   Wikipedia

  • Malachowski — Malachowski, Stanislaw …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Małachowski, Stanisław — ▪ Polish statesman born Aug. 24, 1736, Końskie, Pol. died Dec. 29, 1809, Warsaw, Duchy of Warsaw [now in Poland]  Polish statesman who presided over Poland s historic Four Years Sejm, a constituent Diet that met in 1788–92.       The son of Jan… …   Universalium

  • Malachowski, Stanislaw — ► (1735 1809) Político polaco. Fue defensor de los campesinos y promotor de la Constitución de 1791 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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