- Brazilian people
poptime="c. " 186 million (2007)
regions = BRA nbsp|6 184 million [cite web| url=http://oglobo.globo.com/pais/mat/2007/12/21/327716442.asp| title=Censo 2007: somos 183.987.291 brasileiros, mostra IBGE| publisher=Globo.com| accessdate=2008-01-21 pt icon]
region1 = flagcountry|United States
pop1 = ~800,000
ref1 = cite web| url=http://lusotopia.no.sapo.pt/indexBREmigrantes.html| title=Emigração Brasileira| publisher=Lusotopia (Carlos Fontes)| accessdate=2008-01-21 pt icon]
region2 = flagcountry|Paraguay
pop2 = ~455,000
region3 = flagcountry|Japan
pop3 = 316,967
ref3 = [ [http://www.moj.go.jp/PRESS/080601-1.pdf 平成１９年末現在における外国人登録者統計について] ]
region4 = flagcountry|United Kingdom
pop4 = 200,000 - 300,000
ref4 = [ [http://www.untoldlondon.org.uk/news/ART40460.html Diversity news page ] ] [ [http://jonathanfryer.wordpress.com/2007/08/12/london-a-latin-american-city/ London, A Latin American City] ]
region5 = flagcountry|Portugal
pop5 = ~100,000
region6 = flagcountry|Italy
pop6 = ~67,000
region7 = flagcountry|Germany
pop7 = ~60,000
region8 = flagcountry|Spain
pop8 = ~50,000
region9 = flagcountry|Switzerland
pop9 = ~40,000
ref9 = cite web| url=http://www.swissinfo.org/por/capa/detail/Brasileiros_na_Su_a_buscam_melhor_organiza_o.html?siteSect=105&sid=7191661&cKey=1161789950000| title=Brasileiros na Suíça buscam melhor organização| publisher=Swissinfo.ch (Swiss Broadcasting Corporation)| accessdate=2008-01-21 pt icon]
region10 = flagcountry|Canada
pop10 = ~30,000
Roman Catholic; Protestantism
related-c=• Europeans • Africans • Amerindians • Japanese
Brazilians ("brasileiros" in Portuguese) are all people born in Brazil. A Brazilian can be also a person born abroad from a Brazilian parent or a foreigner living in Brazil who applied for the Brazilian citizenship.Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil, Artigo 12, I.] The vast majority of Brazilians live in Brazil, although there are significant Brazilian communities in
Paraguay, the United States, Japan, and Europe.
Who is a Brazilian?
According to the
Constitution of Brazil, a Brazilian citizen is:
* Anyone born in Brazil ("
jus soli") and whose parents were not foreigners at the service of a foreign State;
* Anyone born abroad from a Brazilian parent ("
jus sanguinis"), with registration of birth in a Brazilian Embassy or Consulate, and that went to live in Brazil;
* A foreigner living in Brazil who applied for and was accepted as a Brazilian citizen (naturalized Brazilian).
A foreigner can apply for Brazilian citizenship after living for 15 uninterrupted years in Brazil and being able to speak Portuguese. A native person from an official Portuguese language country (
Portugal, Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea Bissauand East Timor) can request the Brazilian nationality after 1 uninterrupted year living in Brazil. A foreign born person who holds a Brazilian citizenship has exactly the same rights and duties of the Brazilian citizen by birth (" jus soli" or " jus sanguinis"), but cannot occupy some special public positions such as the Presidency of the Republic, Vice-presidency of the Republic, Minister (Secretary) of Defense, Presidency (Speaker) of the Senate, Presidency (Speaker) of the House of Representatives.
Brazilians are mostly descendants of colonial and post-colonial Portuguese settlers and immigrants, African slaves and Brazil's indigenous peoples, along with several other groups of immigrants who arrived in Brazil mostly from the 1820s until the 1970s. Most of the immigrants were Italians and Portuguese, but also significant numbers of Germans, Spaniards, Japanese, and Lebanese and Syrian. [ [http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1234928 The Phylogeography of Brazilian Y-Chromosome Lineages ] ]
Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics(IBGE) classify the Brazilian population in five categories: "brancos" (white), "negros" (black), " pardos" (brown), "amarelos" (Asian/yellow) and "índios" (Amerindian), based on skin color or race. The last detailed census (PNAD) found Brazil to be made up of 93 million Whites, 80 million brown people, 11.7 million Blacks, and 1.3 million Asian or Amerindian.
In the 2005 detailed census, for the first time in two decades, the number of White Brazilians did not exceed 50% of the population. On the other side, the number of "pardos"(Brown) people increased and all the other remained almost the same. According to the IBGE, this trend is mainly because of the revaluation of the identity of historically discriminated ethnic groups.
The ethnic composition of Brazilians is not uniform across the country. Due to its large influx of European
immigrantsin the 19th century, the Southern Region has a large White majority, composing 80.8% of its population [ [http://www.genealogienetz.de/reg/WELT/brasil.html Genealogy: German migration to Brazil ] ] . The Northeastern Region, as a result of the large numbers of African slaves working in the sugar cane engenhos, has a majority of "pardos" and black peoples, respectively, 63.1% and 7.0% [ [http://www.iei.net/~pwagner/brazarticles/April2002.html Brazil and the African Slave Trade ] ] . Northern Brazil, largely covered by the Amazon Rainforest, is 71.5% "pardos", due to Amerindianmiscigenation [ [http://www.socioambiental.org/pib/english/source/xi.shtm Sources :: Indigenous Peoples in Brazil - ISA ] ] . Southeast and Central-Western Brazil have a more balanced ratio among different racial groups.
*pt icon [http://lusotopia.no.sapo.pt/indexBREmigrantes.html Lusotopia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Brazilian Portuguese — (Portuguese: português brasileiro or português do Brasil; pt BR) is a group of Portuguese dialects written and spoken by most of the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a few million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States,… … Wikipedia
Brazilian — may refer to anything of or relating to Brazil and may refer directly to the following articles: *Brazilian barbecue also known as churrasco *Brazilian people *Brazilian Portuguese *Brazilian waxing … Wikipedia
Brazilian British — Infobox Ethnic group group = Brazilian British britânico brasileiro flagicon|UK flagicon|Brazil caption = Notable Brazilian British: Taio Cruz, Phil Lynott, Juliano Belletti poptime = 15,215 (2001) [http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/18/23/34792376.xls … Wikipedia
Brazilian Social Democracy Party — Infobox Brazilian Political Party party articletitle = Brazilian Social Democracy Party party name = Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira president = Sérgio Guerra foundation = June 25, 1988 headquarters = SGAS Q.607,Ed. Metrópolis, Mód. B… … Wikipedia
Brazilian real — Infobox Currency currency name in local = real brasileiro pt icon image 1 = 1real 2.jpg image title 1 = 1 real (note) image 2 = image title 2 = iso code = BRL using countries = flag|Brazil inflation rate = 3.14% inflation source date =… … Wikipedia
Brazilian Military Junta of 1969 — Junta Militar Term of office: August 31, 1969 – October 30, 1969 Predecessor: Artur da Costa e Silva Successor: Emílio Garrastazú Médici Composition: General Aurélio de Lyra Tavares Admiral Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grunewald … Wikipedia
Brazilian football state championships — The Brazilian football state championships are football competitions carried out in every state of Brazil. As the state championships are very old competitions, they are very traditional, and are almost as important as the national… … Wikipedia
Brazilian Federal District — Federal district The city seen from the subway station of Águas Claras … Wikipedia
Brazilian Armed Forces — Forças Armadas Brasileiras Parade of cadets of Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras in ceremony of the Marlins to new graduates. Service branches … Wikipedia
Brazilian Expeditionary Force — shoulder sleeve insignia (Army component) Active 1943–1945 Country … Wikipedia