List of circulating currencies
A currency is a unit of exchange and hence a kind of money and medium of exchange. Currency includes paper or polymer banknotes and metal coins. Countries generally have a monopoly on the issuing of currency, although some countries share currencies with other countries. Today, currencies are the dominant means of exchange. Different countries may use the same term to refer to their respective currencies, even though the currencies may have little else to do with each other. A place that is technically part of another country sometimes uses a different currency from that of the parent country.
This list contains the 182 current official or de facto currencies of the 193 United Nations member states, one UN observer state, nine partially recognized states, one unrecognized state, and 35 dependencies. Only dependencies and unrecognized countries that use a currency other than that of the sovereign state that administers them or has de jure jurisdiction over them are listed here. Currencies used in places of extraterritoriality like the United Nations or the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and scrips used by private entities are not under the purview of this list.
List of circulating currencies by country
- A This currency is not used in day to day commerce, but is legal tender. It is minted and/or printed as commemorative banknotes and/or coinage.
- B This currency is being phased out with a revalued version or another currency, but is still legal tender.
- C British banknotes are issued by the Bank of England and by some banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Laws on legal tender vary between various jurisdictions.
- D One cent equals ten mills (also spelled “mil” and “mille”), and (for the United States dollar) ten cents equal one dime.
- E One jiao equals ten fen.
- F One piastre equals ten millimes.
- G One sen equals ten rin.
- H One piastre equals ten fils and one dirham equals 10 piastres.
- I Although part of the Netherlands, the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba do not use the euro, they use the United States dollar. They are listed separately.
- J Four currencies circulate in the partially recognized state of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which claims the territory of Western Sahara. The Moroccan dirham is used in the Moroccan-administered part of the territory and the Sahrawi peseta is the commemorative currency of the Sahrawi Republic. Additionally, some de facto currencies circulate in the territory: the Algerian dinar is used in Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf and the Mauritanian ouguiya is used in Lagouira, which is under Mauritanian administration.
- K Rappen is German; in French it is centime; in Italian it is centesimo.
- L One hundred Tongan paʻanga equal one hau.
- M One hào equals ten xu.
- N No longer in active use after it was officially suspended by the government due to hyperinflation. The United States dollar, South African rand, Botswanan pula, British pound, and euro are now used instead. The United States dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions with the new power-sharing regime.
- ^ "Field Listing: Exchange Rates". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2076.html. Retrieved 2010-09-08.
- ^ a b "ISO 4217 currency and funds name and code elements". International Organization for Standardization. http://www.iso.org/iso/currency_codes_list-1.html. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- ^ Antweiler, Werner (2006). "Currencies of the World". University of British Columbia. http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca/currency_table.html. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- ^ "Banknotes". Bank of England. http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/banknotes/index.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- ^ "The Coinage Act of 1792". http://landru.i-link-2.net/monques/coinageact.html. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
- Circulating Coin Sets of the World Alphabetical list of circulating currencies with photos
- Currencies of the World
- Google World Currencies Map
- Currencies of the countries of the world
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