Cartographic aggression is the term by which the victim country describes any act, in particular the publication of maps or other material by a neighbouring country, which purports to show part of what it perceives as its own territory as belonging to the other country. In rare cases cartographic aggression may be committed by a third country in order to gain some diplomatic advantage.The term is not new, and well accepted even by professional geographers. [A Case of" "Cartographic Aggression by B. K. Nijm, The Professional Geographer, Vol.33, Issue 2, p.251, May 1981] Recent and well-documented cases of cartographic aggression are:
Involving Aksai Chin, the Bara Hoti Pass area in Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and South Tibet (Arunachal Pradesh) [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,869047,00.html TIME magazine article 1959] ] [ [http://files.osa.ceu.hu/holdings/300/8/3/text/132-2-161.shtml Open Society Archives,15 March 1961, page ii ] ]
The following note does not meet Wikipedia standard and presents an argument with a personal overtone
Note : "The awareness of Chinese occupation of the Aksai Chin area came to light, not through a map, but through an illustrated article in a Chinese magazine about the Xinjiang-Tibet road being built through the area. The Indian claim to the Aksai Chin area was based on the 'aggressive' Johnson-Ardagh alignment of dubious validity. However, the Indian claim to Arunachal was based on ground possession and the tendentious pro-Chinese arguments of Alastair Lamb and others about this area do not stand up to scrutiny. Arunachal is still a hot potato, as the recent refusal of a Chinese visa to a Arunachali bureaucrat on the plea that he was a Chinese national clearly shows. However, the Chinese have apparently reconciled themselves at last to accepting Sikkim as an integral part of India for the sake of opening a trade link through Nathu La."
China against Nepal
[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,869138-2,00.html TIME magazine article 1959 ] Note:"The outstanding issues were later settled."
USA against India
A rare case of 'third party' cartographic aggression, this was over the Siachen area. From about 1967, US maps started showing an international border starting from NJ9842 and running more or less directly to the Karakoram Pass on the India-China border. This was presumably done to benefit US ally Pakistan, who thus 'acquired' the entire
Siachen Glacierregion at the stroke of a cartographer's pen! [ [http://outside.away.com/outside/features/200302/200302_siachen_7.html 2003 article in Outside magazine ] ]
Pakistan against India
Pakistan followed the American lead (see above) in its own maps.
Iraq against Kuwait
Maps were issued around 1990 showing Kuwait as a province of Iraq. [ [http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2005/08/21/RVGFUE74I51.DTL&type=books San Francisco Chronicle book review 2005] ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saltoro Kangri — Infobox Mountain Name=Saltoro Kangri Elevation=7,742 metres (25,400 feet) Ranked 31st Location= Kashmir, IndiaIndia is in de facto control of this region of Kashmir; the Indian claim is disputed by Pakistan. See e.g.… … Wikipedia
Siachen conflict — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Siachen Conflict partof=the Indo Pakistani Wars and the Kashmir conflict caption=Siachen Glacier lies in the Karakoram range. Its snout is less than 50 km north of the Ladakh Range. date=April 13, 1984… … Wikipedia
List of politics topics — NOTOC TopicTOC Politics This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. Although the term is generally applied … Wikipedia
car´to|graph´i|cal|ly — car|to|graph|ic «KAHR tuh GRAF ihk», adjective. having to do with cartography or cartographers: »Indians have long complained of cartographic aggression by China in mapping these areas as parts of China (Time). –car´to|graph´i|cal|ly, adverb … Useful english dictionary
car|to|graph|ic — «KAHR tuh GRAF ihk», adjective. having to do with cartography or cartographers: »Indians have long complained of cartographic aggression by China in mapping these areas as parts of China (Time). –car´to|graph´i|cal|ly, adverb … Useful english dictionary
United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… … Universalium
Propaganda — This article is about the form of communication. For other uses, see Propaganda (disambiguation). French Military Propaganda postcard showing a caricature of Kaiser Wilhelm II biting the world (c. 1915) … Wikipedia
Israel, Palestinians, and the United Nations — Issues relating to the state of Israel, the Palestinian people and other aspects of the Arab Israeli conflict occupy a large amount of debate time, resolutions and resources at the spinout/link|United Nations.The adoption of UNSCOP s… … Wikipedia
United Nations — For other uses, see United Nations (disambiguation). UN redirects here. For other uses, see UN (disambiguation). United Nations الأمم المتحدة 联合国 Organisation des Nations unies … Wikipedia
Jedediah Smith — For the United States Representative from New Hampshire, see Jedediah K. Smith. Jedediah Smith Jedediah Smith Born January 6, 1799 (1799 01 0 … Wikipedia