Ziya Hurşit was born in the town of
Çamlıhemşinof Rize Provincein 1890. He was a member of Kürdoğlu family. He was educated on ship constructionand radioin Gdańsk, Germany. He participated in Erzurum Congressas Trabzon delegate. He fought in Independence War( Turkish War of Independence) as a volunteer. He took part in 1st TBMMas Lazistandeputy. He had been a member of Yozgat Independence Courtfor a period of time. But his views differed with Mustafa Kemal's. Thus he wasn't able to be elected as deputy in 2nd TBMM.
16th June 1926, he was arrested for planning an assassinationagainst Mustafa Kemalin İzmir. According to charge made, those who act with Ziya Hurşit, Gürcü Yusuf, Lazİsmail and Çopur Hilmi, would shot Mustafa Kemaldead in front of Kemeraltı prison. Ziya Hurşit and his fellow friends, taking advantage of chaos caused, would embark on the boat of CretanŞevki Bey,which was waiting in the dock, by a car waiting in the Yemiş bazaarand flee to Chios. But at the last moment, as a consequence of Şevki Bey's treacheryby regretting this action( assassination), Ziya Hurşit and his friends were captured. It was understood that behind the assassinationwas a group in Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası, an Oppositionparty in TBMM. The party was closed down. Ziya Hurşit and his friends were sentenced to death and in 14th July 1926he was executed with another thirteen men including Lazİsmail, Gürcü Yusuf, Çopur Hilmi, Şükrü Bey, Ayıcı Arif and İsmail Canpolat.
Moment of Execution
Ziya Hurşit was by the
gallows. "What a nice thing. It looks like a swing" he said. At the same time he was examining the audience. Then he saw Kılıç Ali. "Kılıç Ali? Where is he? Let me see him." Kılıç Ali feeling eyes upon him tried to conceal himself from sight of Ziya Hurşit. Ali the Executionercouldn't wait for putting the rope on Ziya's neck. "Sir, time goes!" warned the executioner. Ziya Hurşit replied this angry warning with a smiling and teasing face. "Why hurry sweetheart? Isn't it me who's gonna die? I'm going. The world will be yours. I will meet your ancestors in the Heaven. If you have any letters, let me deliver them. Farewell!"
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