Banjarmasin

Infobox City
official_name = Banjarmasin
nickname = "Kota Seribu Sungai" ( _id. City of A Thousand Rivers)
motto = "Kayuh Baimbai" (Banjarese: 'Rowing Together')



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image_caption = Jl.Lambung Mangkurat, a street in Banjarmasin city


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Indonesia
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = South Kalimantan
subdivision_type2 =
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leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = H.A. Yudhi Wahyuni
established_title =
established_date = 24 September 1526
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 72
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population_as_of = 2004
population_note =
population_total = 572300
population_density_km2 = 7949
population_density_sq_mi =
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timezone = WITA
utc_offset = +8
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latd=3 |latm=20 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=114 |longm=35 |longs= |longEW=E
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website = [http://www.banjarmasin.go.id www.banjarmasin.go.id]
footnotes =

Banjarmasin is the capital of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. It is located at coord|3|20|S|114|35|E|, on a delta island near the junction of the Barito and Martapura rivers. As a result, Banjarmasin is sometimes called the "River City". Its population is about 444,000 (As of|1991).Banjarmasin is served by the Syamsudin Noor Airport, which is located about 25 km outside the town. The town is also served by a port, named Trisakti Harbour. A fairly important deepwater port, Pelabuhan Trisakti Banjarmasin is the trade center of the Barito basin; exports include rubber, pepper, timber, petroleum, coal, gold, and diamonds. Passenger ships and ferries to and from Java also carry their operation here.

The city is laced with flood-prone waterways, and many houses are built on rafts or stilts over the water. Many of such waterways are also used for travel, using relatively small rowboats (only major rivers are accessible by larger speedboats, tugboats, longboats, and barges).

The city is the home of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Banjarmasin.

History

Nan Serunai was an ancient kingdom in South Kalimantan, but soon it was replaced by Buddhist kingdom of Tanjungpuri. In the fourteenth century, Banjarmasin was part of the Hindu kingdom of Negara Dipa and Negara Daha respectfully, a vessel of Majapahit. But Pangeran Samudera converted to become a Muslimin the fifteenth century, and Banjarese people became muslims ever since. The Dutch opened trade there in 1606. The British controlled the city for several brief periods, and in 1787 it became a Dutch protectorate.

The Hikayat Banjar is the chronicle of Banjarmasin. This text, also called the History of Lambung Mangkurat, contains the history of the kings of Banjar and of Kota Waringin in South-east and South Borneo respectively.

Local Places of Interest

The Sabilal Muhtadin Mosque, located along the Martapura riverfront, is a major landmark in the city. Built in 1980, the mosque could accommodate thousands of worshippers on Friday prayers. A state university (Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, UNLAM) is also located in the town.

Banjarmasin has long been renowned as a center for gem trading, particularly rare diamonds and ruby's. An informal network with international connections exists, which also supports the large domestic Indonesian trade in rare diamonds. Banjar's diamonds are especially known for their exquisite brilliance. In recent times, however, many of Indonesia's large diamond stones have been traded out of the country.

A floating marketplace, where buyers and sellers visit by boat, is located on the western outskirts of town. It is one of the two such marketplace in Southeast Asia, the other one located in Thailand .

A famous local dish is "soto banjar", a soup served with lime. Another notable local dish is "Ketupat Kandangan", a ketupat dish with coconut milk soup (can be served with either chicken or snakehead meat.

References

*Eliot, Joshua (1998). "Indonesia handbook". Bath: Footprint Handbooks Ltd.

ee also

* Bandar

External links

* [http://www.banjarmasin.go.id Official website]
* [http://www.banjarmasinpost.co.id newspaper local]
*


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banjarmasin — [bän΄jər mä′sin] seaport in S Borneo, Indonesia, near the Java Sea: pop. 444,000 * * * Ban·jar·ma·sin also Ban·djar·ma·sin (băn jər mäʹsĭn, bän ) A city of Indonesia on a delta island of southern Borneo. An important deep water port, Banjarmasin… …   Universalium

  • Banjarmasin — [bän΄jər mä′sin] seaport in S Borneo, Indonesia, near the Java Sea: pop. 444,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Banjarmasin — 3°20′S 114°35′E / 3.333, 114.583 Banjarmasin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Banjarmasin — 3.3333333333333114.58333333333 Koordinaten: 3° 20′ S, 114° 35′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banjarmasin — Banjarmạsin   [ dʒ ], früher Bandjarmạsin [ dʒ ], Hafenstadt und Hauptstadt der Provinz Südborneo (Kalimantan Selatan), Indonesien, auf einer Insel im Barito, 46 km oberhalb seiner Mündung, die jedoch durch eine Sandbank für größere Schiffe… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Banjarmasin — Original name in latin Banjarmasin Name in other language BDJ, Bandgermasin, Bandjarmasin, Bandjermasin, Bandjermassin, Banjermasin, Banyermasin State code ID Continent/City Asia/Makassar longitude 3.31987 latitude 114.59075 altitude 8 Population …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Banjarmasin — geographical name city Indonesia in S Borneo population 481,371 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Banjarmasin — Ban•jar•ma•sin or Bandjarmasin [[t]ˌbɑn dʒərˈmɑ sɪn[/t]] n. geg a seaport on the S coast of Borneo, in Indonesia. 481,371 …   From formal English to slang

  • Banjarmasin — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bistum Banjarmasin — Basisdaten Staat Indonesien Metropolitanbistum Erzbistum Samarinda …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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