Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky

Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
Pretender
Born August 25, 1950 (1950-08-25) (age 61)
Tbilisi, Georgia
Title(s) Prince Bagration-Gruzinsky
Throne(s) claimed Georgia
Pretend from 1984 - present
Monarchy abolished 1800
Last monarch George XII of Georgia
Connection with great-great-great grandson
Royal House Bagrationi
Father Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinski
Mother Liya Mgeladze
Spouse Leila Kipiani
Children Princess Anna
Princess Maya
Predecessor Petre Bagration-Gruzinski

Prince Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky (born August 25, 1950, in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic) is the head of the deposed House of Gruzinsky and represents its claim to the former crown of Georgia.[1]

Contents

Biography

Prince Nugzar is the son of Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinsky of Georgia (1920–1984), a prominent poet and claimant to the headship of the Georgian dynasty from 1939 until his death, and his second wife Liya Mgeladze (b. 8 August 1926). Prince Nugzar is the director of the Tbilisi theatre of cinema artists.

On 18 December 2007, Nugzar met with Kristiina Ojuland, the Vice-President of the Riigikogu (Parliament of Estonia) at the Mariott-Tbilisi Hotel in which Ojuland "paid homage to the Bagrationi dynasty, which has made an extraordinary contribution in support of Georgia".[2] [3]

Prince Nugzar is the senior descendant by primogeniture in the male line of George XII, the last King of Georgia to reign.[4] Historian Raul Chagunava, who has researched the Bagrationi family, believes Bagration-Gruzinsky is the rightful heir to the throne, and Nino Bagrationi, a 90-year-old direct descendant of King Solomon II of Imereti, also recognizes the claim of Bagration-Gruzinsky.[5]

Family

Nugzar was married to Leila Kipiani (b. Tbilisi July 16, 1947) on February 10, 1971 and they have two daughters:

  • Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi November 1, 1976. Married firstly to Grigoriy Malania and had two daughters with him, Irina and Miriam Malania, and secondly, to Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani with whom she has a son, Giorgi (see below).
  • Princess Maya Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi January 2, 1978. She married Nikolai Chichinadze and has two children with him, Themour and Anna Chichinadze.

Dynastic alliance

Nugzar's daughter, Princess Anna, a divorced teacher and journalist with two daughters, married Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani, on 8 February 2009 at the Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral.[6] The marriage united the Gruzinsky and Mukhrani branches of the Georgian royal family, and drew a crowd of 3,000 spectators, officials, and foreign diplomats, as well as extensive coverage by the Georgian media.[7]

The dynastic significance of the wedding lay in the fact that, amidst the turmoil in political partisanship that has roiled Georgia since its independence in 1991, Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia publicly called for restoration of the monarchy as a path toward national unity in October 2007.[5] Although this led some politicians and parties to entertain the notion of a Georgian constitutional monarchy, competition arose among the old dynasty's princes and supporters, as historians and jurists debated which Bagrationi has the strongest hereditary right to a throne that has been vacant for two centuries.[7] Although some Georgian monarchists support the Gruzinsky branch's claim, others support that of the re-patriated Mukhrani branch.[5] Both branches descend in unbroken, legitimate male line from the medieval kings of Georgia down to Constantine II of Georgia who died in 1505.

Whereas the Bagration-Mukhrani were a cadet branch of the former Royal House of Kartli, they became the genealogically seniormost line of the Bagrationi family in the early 20th century: yet the elder branch had lost the rule of Kartli by 1724.[4] Meanwhile, the Bagration-Gruzinsky line, although junior to the Princes of Mukhrani genealogically [4], reigned over the kingdom of Kakheti, re-united the two realms in the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti in 1762, and did not lose sovereignty until Russian annexation in 1800.[8]

Prince David Bagrationi-Mukhraneli is the only member of his branch who retains Georgian citizenship and residence since the death of his father, Prince George, in 2008.[8] Aside from an unmarried elder brother who left Georgia to resume living in Spain, Prince David is the heir male of the Bagrationi family, while the bride's father is the most senior descendant of the last Bagrationi to reign over the united kingdom of Georgia. Since Nugzar and Princes Peter and Eugene Bagrationi-Gruzinsky are the last patrilineal males descended from King George XII, and all three were born before 1950, their branch verges on extinction. But the marriage between Nugzar Gruzinsky's heiress and the Mukhrani heir resolves their rivalry for the claim to the throne, which has recently divided Georgian monarchists.[8] A son born of this marriage would eventually become both the heir male of the House of Bagrationi and the heir general of George XII of Georgia: That son, Prince Giorgi, was born to the couple in September 2011 and is Nugzar's only grandson.

Patrilineal descent

Nugzar Bagration descends in the direct, legitimate male line from the eldest son of King George XII of Georgia, the last king of united Georgia (Kartli-Kakheti).

Nugzar's patriline is his descent from father to son. The Bagratid origin of David Soslan, king consort of Queen Tamar Bagrationi, is doubtful, although their descendants continued to reckon themselves members of her dynasty and rulers born of this lineage may have been descendants of some earlier rulers of the same lands.[9] Ossetian-originated sources in Caucasia indicate that David Soslan was from the Alan family of Tsarasanta. The male line follows the feudal House of Gruzinsky, the Kings of Kartli, the Kings of Georgia and, by some reckoning, the early monarchs of Caucasian Iberia. David Soslan flourished in the last decades of the 12th century, which means that Prince Nugzar, through Kartli-Kakheti's last reigning monarch, King George XIII, has a patriline of at least 800 years.

  1. Smbat I Bagratuni d. 314
  2. Bagrat Bagratuni d. aft. 353
  3. Smbat II Bagratuni d. 367/374
  4. Sahak Bagratuni d. aft. 389
  5. Smbat III Bagratuni d. aft. 420
  6. Tiroç Bagratuni d. 450/451
  7. Sahak II Bagratuni d. 482
  8. Spandiat Bagratuni d. aft. 505
  9. Varaz-Tiroç Bagratuni
  10. Manuel Bagratuni d. c. 560/570
  11. Smbat IV Bagratuni d. 616/617
  12. Varaz-Tiroç I Bagratuni d. 646
  13. Smbat V Bagration d. 672
  14. Ashot I Bagratuni d. 689
  15. Smbat VI Bagratuni d. 726
  16. Ashot III Bagratuni d. 762
  17. Vasak Bagratuni d. aft. 770
  18. Adarnase Bagratuni, d. 779
  19. Ashot I of Iberia, d. 826/830
  20. Bagrat I of Iberia, d. 876
  21. David I of Iberia, d. 881
  22. Adarnase IV of Iberia, d. 923
  23. Sumbat I of Iberia, d. 958
  24. Bagrat II of Iberia, 937 – 994
  25. Gurgen of Georgia, d. 1008
  26. Bagrat III of Georgia, 960 – 1014
  27. George I of Georgia, 998 – 1027
  28. Bagrat IV of Georgia, 1018–1072
  29. George II of Georgia, 1054–1112
  30. David IV of Georgia, 1073–1125
  31. Demetre I of Georgia, 1093–1156
  32. George III of Georgia, d. 1184
  33. Queen Tamar of Georgia, 1160–1213
  34. George IV of Georgia, 1191–1223, whose father was David Soslan, son of Djadaron of Ossetia and grandson of Athom of Ossetia, whose parents may have been David, King of Ossetia, and wife Rusudan of Georgia, daughter of King David IV "the Builder" of Georgia, grandparents David and wife, daughter of the King of Ossetia, and whose great-grandfather may have been Demetre, anti-King of Georgia (d. c. 1053), the only son of the second marriage of George I of Georgia, 998 - 1027 (above)[10]
  35. David VII of Georgia, 1215–1270
  36. Demetre II of Georgia, 1259–1289
  37. George V of Georgia, 1286–1346
  38. David IX of Georgia, d. 1393
  39. Bagrat V of Georgia, d. 1393
  40. Constantine I of Georgia, 1369–1412
  41. Alexander I of Georgia, 1389–1446
  42. George VIII of Georgia, d. 1476
  43. Alexander I of Kakheti, d. 1511
  44. George II of Kakheti, d. 1513
  45. Levan I of Kakheti, d. 1574
  46. Alexander II of Kakheti, d. 1605
  47. David I of Kakheti, d. 1602
  48. Teimuraz I of Kakheti, d. 1663
  49. Prince David of Kakheti, d. 1648
  50. Erekle I of Kakheti, d. 1709
  51. Teimuraz II of Kakheti, d. 1762
  52. Erekle II of Georgia, d. 1798
  53. George XII of Georgia, d. 1800
  54. Prince Bagrat Bagrationi of Georgia, d. 1841
  55. Prince Alexander of Georgia, d. 1865
  56. Prince Peter of Georgia, d. 1922
  57. Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinsky of Georgia d. 1984
  58. Prince Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky of Georgia

Notes

  1. ^ See also David Bagrationi of Moukrani
  2. ^ http://www.reform.ee/kandidaat/UserFiles/Image/Galeriid/Too/Nugzar_of_Georgia.JPG
  3. ^ Kristiina Ojuland - Kokkuvõtte Gruusia visiidist
  4. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, 1980, "Burke’s Royal Families of the World: Volume II Africa & the Middle East, pp. 59-65 ISBN 0-85011-029-7
  5. ^ a b c Time for a King for Georgia?
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ a b Vignanski, Misha (02/08/2009), Primera boda real en dos siglos reagrupa dos ramas de la dinastía Bagration, written at Tiflis, , el confidencial (Spain), http://www.elconfidencial.com/cache/2009/02/08/93_primera_siglos_reagrupa_ramas_dinastia_bagration.html#, retrieved 02/09/2009 
  8. ^ a b c Wedding of the two royal dynasties members, , GeorgiaTimes, 2009-02-09, http://www.georgiatimes.info/?lang=en&area=newsItem&id=7197, retrieved 2009-02-09 
  9. ^ Alemany, Agustí (2000), Sources on the Alans: A Critical Compilation, p. 321. Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9004114424.
  10. ^ http://genealogy.euweb.cz/georgia/bagrat2.html

www.royalhouseofgeorgia.ge

Sources

Styles of
Prince Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir
  1. W.E.D. Allen, A History of the Georgian People, from the beginning down to the Russian conquest in the nineteenth century. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., London, 1932.
  2. Almanach de Gotha, annuaire généalogique, diplomatique et statistique. Justus Perthes, Gotha, 1826-1944.
  3. I.L. Bichikashvili, D.V. Ninidze and A.N. Peikrishvili, The Genealogy of the Bagratides. Tiflis, 1995
  4. M.L. Bierbrier, "The Descendants of Theodora Comnena of Trebizond". The Genealogist, Volumes 11, No. 2, Fall 1997 to 14, No. 1, Spring 2000 (inclusive). American Society of Genealogists, Picton Press, Rockport, ME.
  5. M. Brosset (ed.), Rapporta sur un Voyage Archéologique dans la Géorgie et dans l'Arménie exécute en 1847-1848. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1849 [British Library Shelfmark 1269.dd.10]
  6. Marie-Félicité Brosset, Histoire de la Géorgie, depuis la'antiquité jusqu'au XIXe siècle, traduite du Géorgien. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1856.
  7. Marie-Félicité Brosset, "Inscriptions tumulaires géorgiennes de Moscou et de St.-Pètersbourg". Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pètersbourg. Sixième série. Sciences politiques, histoire et philologie. Tome IV. L'académie Impériale des Sciences, St.- Pétersbourg, 1840 pp. 461–521. [British Library shelfmark Ac. 1125/2]
  8. Marie-Félicité Brosset, "Nouvelles rescherches sur l'histoire Wakhoucht, sur le roi Artchil et sa famille, et sur divers personages géorgiens enterrés à Moscou". Mélanges Asiatiques, Vol. III, l'Académie Impériale des Sciences, St Petersburg, 1859. pp. 534–575. [British Library shelfmark Ac. 1125/11]
  9. Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume II Africa & the Middle East, Burke's Peerage Ltd., London 1980.
  10. Stanislav Dumin, "Tsars and Tsarevitchs of the United Kakheti and Kartli. T.S.H. Princes Gruzinsky", The Families of the Nobility of the Russian Empire, Volume III, Moscow, 1996.
  11. Jacques Ferrand, Les Families Princieres de l'Ancien Empire de Russie en émigration. 3 parts. Montreuil, France, 1978.
  12. Giorgi Gabeskiria. Georgian History. National Parliamentary Library of Georgia/Electronic Text Center, Tbilisi, 2001.
  13. A. Gugushvili, "The Chronological-Genealogical Table of the Kings of Georgia". Georgica. Volume 1, Nos. 2 & 3, pp. 106–153. The Georgian Historical Society, London, October 1936.
  14. János József Gudenus, Magyar családtorténeti adattár. Petófi Irodalmi Múzeum, Budapest. Internet, 2006.
  15. Nicolas Ikonnikov, la Noblesse de Russie. Deuxième Edition. Paris, 1958.
  16. Davit Marshal Lang, The Last Years of the Georgian Monarchy, 1658-1632. Columbia University Press, New York, 1957.
  17. "Oukase Impérial réglant le titre et le raing des princes Géorgiens domiciliés en Russie". Journal Asiatique. Troisième série, Tome 1, Fevrier 1836, pp. 205–207. Société Asiatique, Paris, 1836.
  18. S. Quakhchishvili (ed.), The Georgian Chronicle: the Period of Giorgi Lasha. Adolf M. Hakkert, Amsterdam, 1991.
  19. Nino Salia, "le martyr de la reine Kéthévan de Georgie", Bedi Karthlisa "Le Destin de la Georgie", Revue de Karthvelologie, No 23 (N.S.), pp. 55–57, Paris, January 1957.
  20. Kalistrat Salia and Katharine Vivian (trans.), History of the Georgian Nation. Paris, 1983.
  21. Mihail-Dimitri Sturdza, Dictionnaire historique et génealgique des grandes familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople. Paris, 1999.
  22. Cyril Toumanoff, "The Fifteenth-Century Bagratides and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia". Traditio. Volume VII, Fordham University Press, New York 1949-1951, pp. 169–221.
  23. Cyrille Toumanoff, Manuel de généalogie et de chronologie pour l'histoire de la Caucasie Chrétienne (Arménie-Géorgie-Albanie). Edizioni Aquila, Roma, 1976.
  24. Tsarévitch Wakhoucht (Prince Vakusht), Description géographique de la Géorgie. L'Académie Impérial des Sciences, St Ptersbourg, 1842.

External links

Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
Born: August 25 1950
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Peter Bagration-Gruzinsky
— TITULAR —
King of Georgia
1984-
Incumbent
Heir:
Princess Anna of Georgia

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