Round Island Light (Michigan)

Round Island Light
Round Island Lighthouse Michigan.jpg
Location Mackinac County, Michigan
Coordinates 45°50′13.8″N 84°36′59.7″W / 45.837167°N 84.616583°W / 45.837167; -84.616583Coordinates: 45°50′13.8″N 84°36′59.7″W / 45.837167°N 84.616583°W / 45.837167; -84.616583
Year first lit 1895
Automated 1924
Deactivated 1947
Foundation Concrete pier
Construction Brick
Tower shape Square
Markings / pattern red w/black lantern, trim & attached house w/red lower & cream upper
Height Tower - 57 feet (17 m)[1]
Focal height Focal plane - 53 feet (16 m)[2]
Original lens Fourth Order Fresnel Lens
Current lens 300 mm Tideland signal acrylic optic[3]
Range 18 miles (29 km)
Characteristic Fl W 10 seconds[4]
ARLHS number USA-706[5][6][7]
USCG number 7-12s585
Round Island Lighthouse
U.S. Coast Guard archive photo
Round Island Light (Michigan) is located in Michigan
Nearest city: Mackinac Island, Michigan
Coordinates: 45°50′13.8″N 84°36′59.7″W / 45.837167°N 84.616583°W / 45.837167; -84.616583Coordinates: 45°50′13.8″N 84°36′59.7″W / 45.837167°N 84.616583°W / 45.837167; -84.616583
Area: 0.9 acres (3,600 m2)
Built: 1895
Governing body: United States Forest Service
NRHP Reference#: 74000994[8]
Added to NRHP: August 21, 1974

The Round Island Light, also known as the "Old Round Island Point Lighthouse"[5] is a lighthouse located on the west shore of Round Island in the shipping lanes of the Straits of Mackinac,[9] which connect Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. It was deemed necessary because the island is a significant hazard to navigation in the straits, and was seen as an effective complement to the other lights in the area.[10] Because of its color scheme and form — red stone base and wood tower — it has been likened to an old-fashioned schoolhouse.[11] Ferries regularly pass it on their way to (and from) Mackinac Island, and it is a recognizable icon of the upper Great Lakes.

Contents

History

This light is a twin of the Two Harbors Light in Minnesota.[5] Located in Coast Guard District 9,[12] the Round Island Light was built of painted brick in 1895[13] by a predecessor agency of the United States Coast Guard. It served as an active, manned lighthouse and fog signal in 1895–1947. It was abandoned in 1947 and replaced by the Round Island Passage Light, an automated light tower located in the adjacent Round Island Channel.[14] Abandoned, the lighthouse fell prey to plunderers and vandals. The structure's deterioration was almost complete in 1972 when a storm caused a corner of the lighthouse structure to collapse.[15][16]

This event spurred preservation efforts. Round Island Light was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in September 1974,[14] and was added to the list of registered Michigan historic sites in 1978 (see below). Emergency work to stabilize the light tower structure was conducted in the 1970s, but the light tower remained gutted and inoperative. Restoration work was conducted in 1995 [17] by the Friends of the Round Island Lighthouse and led by the Great Lakes Lighthouse Keepers Association (GLLKA),[18] aided by Boy Scouts of America Troop 323.[14] The work was partially funded by the state of Michigan, with the help of funds from a special license plate[19] developed by the state to raise donations for lighthouse restoration.[20][21] In 1973 rip rap was spread around the lighthouse base to help prevent more deterioration. The following year, after it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, local fund raising efforts collected $12,000 for the project. The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation appropriated $125,000 in 1977 for the project.[22] As a result of the success of this restoration work, the Coast Guard granted permission to relight the Round Island Light. The light was re-lit in 1996.[23]

The original brick outhouse and oil house are still intact.[24]

The Round Island Light is a registered Michigan historic site[5] and is the focus of an official Michigan Historical Marker erected in 1978, Registered Site No. L0107. The text of the marker notes:

The Round Island Lighthouse, seen south of this site, was completed in 1895. Operating under the auspices of the United States Government, this facility was in continuous use for fifty-two years. It was manned by a crew of three until its beacon was replaced by an automated light in 1924. A sole caretaker occupied and operated the station from 1924 to 1947. Following the construction of a new automatic beacon near the breakwater off the south shore of Mackinac Island, the lighthouse was abandoned.[25] The United States Forest Service now supervises the structure which is located in the Hiawatha National Forest. The lighthouse serves as a sentinel for the past, reminding visitors of the often precarious sailing and rich history of the Straits of Mackinac.[26]
Location of the lighthouse on the tip of Round Island, south of Mackinac Island

Getting there

Because Round Island is not accessible to most visitors (but it can be visited),[27] the "Round Island Lighthouse" historical marker is located on Biddle's Point on nearby Mackinac Island, within easy view of the light tower.[28] Photography of the light is possible if using a telephoto lens.[29]

A private boat is, of course, the best way to see this light close up. Short of that, Sheplers Ferry Service out of Mackinaw City offers periodic lighthouse cruises in the summer season. Its "Eastbound Tour" includes passes by Round Island Light, Bois Blanc Island and Light, Poe Reef Light and Fourteen Foot Shoal Light. Schedules and rates are available from Shepler's.[30][31]

An expensive but exciting alternative is to charter a seaplane to tour the lights in the straits.[32]

Round Island Light is one of over 150 past and present lighthouses in Michigan. Michigan has more lighthouses than any other state. See Lighthouses in the United States.[33]

Light in popular culture

This lighthouse, with Biddle's Point on Mackinac Island, forms the finish line for the Chicago to Mackinac Boat Race, run since 1898.

The lighthouse was prominently featured in the 1980 movie Somewhere in Time.[24]

The lights location makes it "somewhat of a wilderness" but it has been depicted in sculptures,[34] and even bird houses.[35] Because of its picturesque color and form, and its location near Mackinac Island (in the path of passing ferries)[36] and the Mackinac Bridge, it is often the subject of photographs,[37] and drawings.[38] Even needlepoint illustrations have been created.[39] It has long been the ongoing subject of postcards.[40][41]

A children's book written by Robert A. Lytle and Karen Howell is titled Mackinac Passage: Mystery at Round Island Light.[42]

See also

References

  1. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Tower Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. http://www.terrypepper.com/lights/lists/towers.htm. 
  2. ^ Pepper, Terry. "Database of Focal Heights". Seeing the Light. terrypepper.com. http://www.terrypepper.com/lights/lists/focalheight.htm. 
  3. ^ Tideland Signal acrylic optic, Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light.
  4. ^ (PDF) Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes. Light List. United States Coast Guard. p. 212. http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/pdf/lightLists/LightList%20V7.pdf. 
  5. ^ a b c d Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Michigan's Eastern Upper Peninsula". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/miup.htm. 
  6. ^ Old Round Island Point Light/Round Island Light, Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society USA-706.
  7. ^ Amateur Radio Light House Society, World List of Lights
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  9. ^ Map of Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.
  10. ^ Brisson, Steven C. (Mackinac State Historic Parks chief curator), "A brief history of Old Mackinac Point Light," Mackinac Parks.
  11. ^ Lake Huron Lights. {Dead link|date=September 2009}
  12. ^ Michigan lighthouse Conservancy, Round Island Light.
  13. ^ Wagner, John L.. "Beacons Shining in the Night: The Lighthouses of Michigan (Chronology of Michigan Lighthouses)". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. http://clarke.cmich.edu/lighthouses/index.htm. 
  14. ^ a b c Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Round Island Light.
  15. ^ Lighthouses in the Mackinac Straits.
  16. ^ Postcard – 1978 before restoration – at boatnerd.com.
  17. ^ Round Island Lighthouse
  18. ^ Great Lakes Lighthouse Keepers Association.
  19. ^ State of Michigan information on Grants for Lighthouse Preservation
  20. ^ Michigan Government on Round Island Light.
  21. ^ Lynne Cohen Duncan, Round Island Light.
  22. ^ West Michigan Tourist Association, Round Island light.
  23. ^ Mackinac Island News, September 10, 2005, on Round Island light.
  24. ^ a b Wobser, David, Boatnerd.com on Round Island Light, with links to pictures.
  25. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHMI.asp. 
  26. ^ Michigan Historical Markers.
  27. ^ National Park Service , Maritime Heritage Program, Inventory of Historic Lights, Round Island light.
  28. ^ Lighthouse Central, Photographs, History, Directions and Way points for Round Island Light, The Ultimate Guide to Upper Michigan Lighthouses by Jerry Roach (Publisher: Bugs Publishing LLC - 2007). ISBN 978-0-9747977-2-4.
  29. ^ U.S. Lighthouses, Round Island Light.
  30. ^ Sheplers Ferry Service.
  31. ^ Terry Pepper, Seeing the Light, Fourteen Foot Shoal Light.
  32. ^ Stoke, Keith, A seaplane tour of the Straits.
  33. ^ See Map of Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format. See also Detroit News, Interactive map on Michigan lighthouses.
  34. ^ Harbour lights on Round Island Light.
  35. ^ Birdhouse of Round Island.
  36. ^ Lighthouse Friends, Round Island lights.
  37. ^ Photograph, Schooner passing Round Island Light around 1900 (at Seeing the Light, courtesy of Michigan State Archives).
  38. ^ Mulgrew, Marilyn, Drawing of Round Island Point Light. {Dead link|date=September 2009}
  39. ^ Needlepoint of Round Island Light.
  40. ^ Postcard (ca. 1920) of Round Island Light being passed by Mackinac Island Ferry at Seeing the Light.
  41. ^ Postcard – 1978 before restoration – at boatnerd.com
  42. ^ Lytle, Robert A. and Howell, Karen Mackinac Passage: Mystery at Round Island Light (Paperback) (Auburn Hills: Edco, 2001) ISBN 0-9712692-3-8; ISBN 978-0-9712692-3-1.

Specialized further reading

  • "A Tour of the Lights of the Straits." Michigan History 70 (Sep/Oct 1986), pp. 17–29.
  • Brisson, Steven C. (Mackinac State Historic Parks chief curator). Old Mackinac Point Lighthouse: A History & Pictorial Souvenir (1/29/2008).
  • "Round Island Passage Light Station." Proceedings of the Merchant Marine Council 5 (Sep 1948), p. 145.

External links


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