312th Aeronautical Systems Wing
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=312th Aeronautical Systems Wing
caption= Emblem of the 312th Tactical Fighter Wing
28 January 1942— present
Air Force Material Command
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base
* World War II: Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1944-1945)
The 312th Aeronautical Systems Wing has responsibility for program execution to develop, acquire, field and modernize capabilities; and support for life-cycle management of the Fighter Attack portfolio for the United States and coalition partners.
Wing responsibilities also include identifying, coordinating and implementing horizontal integration/capability planning across weapons systems in support of the Global Strike and Global Persistent Attack concept of operations.
* Constituted as 312th Bombardment Group (Light) on 28 Jan 1942: Activated on 15 Mar 1942: Redesignated 312th Bombardment Group (Dive) in Jul 1942 : Inactivated on 6 Jan 1946
* Redesignated 312th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and activated on 30 Jul 1947: Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949
* Established as 312 Fighter-Bomber Wing on 23 Mar 1953: 312th Fighter-Bomber Wing assigned as subordinate unit to wing: Activated on 1 Oct 1954: Redesignated 312 Tactical Fighter Wing on 1 Jul 1958: Inactivated on 18 Feb 1959
* Consolidated (23 Jun 2006) with Fighter Attack Systems Wing which was established on 23 Nov 2004: Activated on 18 Jan 2005: Redesignated 312 Aeronautical Systems Wing on 14 Jun 2006.
First Air Force: I Bombardment Command, 15 Mar 1942 - 20 Feb 1943
Fourth Air Force: IV Bombardment Command, 13 Apr - 24 Aug 1943
Fifth Air Force, 1 Jan 1944 - 13 Dec 1945
Continental Air Command: Fourth Air Force, 30 Jul 1947-27 Jun 1949
Tactical Air Command: Ninth Air Force, 1 Oct 1954: Eighteenth Air Force, 1 Oct 1957: 832d Air Division, 8 Oct 1957-18 Feb 1959
Air Force Material Command: Aeronautical Systems Center, 18 Jan 2005-.
Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma(1942)
Hunter Field, Georgia (1942 – 1943)
*DeRidder Army Airfield,
Rice Army Airfield, California(1943)
*Salinas Army Airfield, California (1943)
New Guinea(1943 – 1944)
*Tanauan, Layte (1944 – 1945)
* Yontan Air Drome,
Okinawa(1945 – 1946)
Vancouver Barracks, Washington(1946 – 1947)
Ellington Air Force Base, Texas(1947 – 1949)
Clovis Air Force Base, New Mexico(1954 – 1959)
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio(2005 – Present)
* 312 Fighter-Bomber: 1 Oct 1954-8 Oct 1957
* 474 Fighter-Bomber: attached 22 Dec 1954-8 Oct 1957.
* 386 Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber, later Tactical Fighter): 1942-1945; 1947-1949; 8 Oct 1957-18 Feb 1959 (detached 12 Nov-6 Dec 1957)
* 387 Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber, later Tactical Fighter): 1942-1945; 1947-1949; 8 Oct 1957-18 Feb 1959
* 388 Bombardment (later Fighter-Bomber, later Tactical Fighter): 1942-1945; 1947-1949; 8 Oct 1957-18 Feb 1959 (detached 8 Sep-11 Dec 1958)
* 398th Fighter: 1942-1945; 1947-1949;
* 477 Fighter-Bomber (later, Tactical Fighter): 8 Oct 1957-18 Feb 1959.
World War II
The 312th Bombardment Group was activated on 15 Mar 1942 at Bowman Field (Fort Knox) Kentucky. It was redesignated 312th Bombardment Group (Dive) in Jul 1942 and trained in the United States for several months with A-3, A-31, A-36, and P-40 aircraft.
The unit was deployed to the Southwest Pacific, Oct-Dec 1943, and assigned to
Fifth Air Force. It was again redesignated as the 312th Bombardment Group (Light) in Dec 1943. It began operations in New Guinea, flying patrol and escort missions. Following its conversion to the A-20 Havoc, the group attacked airfields, troop concentrations, gun positions, bridges, and warehouses on the northern and western coasts of New Guinea. It moved to the Philippinesin November 1944 and provided support for ground troops and struck airfields and transportation facilities.
The 312th received a
Distinguished Unit Citationfor actions against Japanese butanolplants in Formosa, 25 March- 4 April 1945.
The 312th was selected to carry out field operation testing of the Consolodated
B-32 Dominatorin mid-1945 and made test flights over Luzonand Formosain Jun 1945. The B-32 had been in development since before World War II, but a protracted development period delayed production versions of the aircraft until 1945. The first two B-32s arrived on Luzonon 2 May, with a third aircraft arriving the next day.
The first combat mission took place on May 29, 1945. It was a strike against a Japanese supply depot in Luzon's Cayagan Valley. All three of the Dominators were to take part, but one aborted on takeoff. The other two proceeded to the target. There was no enemy opposition, and bombing runs were made from an altitude of 10,000 feet, and both aircraft returned without incident. This raid was followed by a series of attacks on Japanese targets in the
Philippines, in Formosa, and on Hainan Islandin the Tonkin Gulf. The only opposition encountered during these missions was some rather inaccurate flak. The tests were thus deemed a success, and plans were made to convert the entire 386th Bombardment Squadron to B-32s. The 312th BG was scheduled to move to Okinawaas soon as the conversion of the 386th BS to the B-32 was completed.
Redesignated as the 312th Bombardment Group (Heavy) in Jul 1945, the unit moved to Okinawa in Aug 1945 and received six more aircraft. After the
Atomic Bombmissions had been flown, Combat operations were flown with the B-32 in spite of the de-facto cease-fire that had been called following the bombing of Nagasaki. During this time, the B-32s flew mainly photographic reconnaissance missions, most of which were unopposed. However, on 17 August a group of 4 B-32s flying over Tokyowere fired on by radar-directed flak and were attacked by Japanese fighters. The American aircraft escaped with only minor damage, claiming one confirmed fighter kill and two probables. During a reconnaissance mission over Tokyo on 18 August, two B-32s were attacked by Japanese fighters. The American gunners claimed two kills and one probable, but one aircraft was badly shot up and one of her crew was killed with two being injured. This was to prove to be the last combat action of World War II.
The last Dominator mission of the war was flown by four B-32s on August 28 in a reconnaissance mission to Tokyo. The mission was a disaster, although not because of any enemy action. 42-108544 lost an engine on takeoff and skidded off the runway. All 13 men aboard perished when the aircraft exploded and burned. On the way back from the target, 42-108528 lost power on two of its four engines. The plane's pilot ordered the crew to bail out, but two men were killed.
After VJ-Day, the surviving B-32 aircraft were ordered to return to the United States, ending the test program. The 312th remained on Okinawa until December until returning to the United States. It was inactivated on 6 January 1946.
The 312th trained in the reserve from, 1947, being redesignated as the 312th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), and equipped with
B-29 Superfortresses. It was deactivated in 1949.
It was reactivated in 1954 and trained to maintain proficiency in fighter-bomber operations with
conventional weapons to September 1955, then switched to training to maintain combat proficiency with atomic weapons. From April 1956-October 1957, the wing rotated tactical squadrons to France, six months at a time. The wing also furnished units to Tactical Air Commandcomposite strike forces in the Far Eastfrom, 1957-1958. The 312th was replaced by 27th Tactical Fighter Wing in February 1959 and was again deactivated.
* Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
* Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
* Wolf, William (2006). Consolidated B-32 Dominator: The Ultimate Look, from Drawing Board to Scrapyard. Schiffer Publishing. ISBN: 0764324519.
* [http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=2535 B-32 Dominator Fact Sheet from the National Museum of the United States Air Force]
* [http://usafengineers.com/modules.php?name=Units&file=details&id=149&unit=Aeronautical 312th Aeronautical Systems Wing]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aeronautical Systems Center — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Aeronautical Systems Center caption= Aeronautical Systems Center emblem dates= 1917 Present country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Air Force type= role= Equipment procurement and sustainment size … Wikipedia
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base — Infobox Airport name = Wright Patterson Air Force Base nativename = Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) image width = 300 caption = October 10, 2000 image2 width = 200 caption2 = Location of Wright Patterson Air Force Base IATA = FFO ICAO … Wikipedia
Base aérienne de Wright-Patterson — Wright Patterson Air Force Base … Wikipédia en Français
Wright-Patterson — Air Force Base … Wikipédia en Français
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base — Wright Patterson Air Force Base … Wikipédia en Français
Cannon Air Force Base — Part of Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) … Wikipedia
Robins Air Force Base — Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) Located near: Warner Robins, Georgia … Wikipedia
Edwards Air Force Base — Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) Located near: Edwards, California … Wikipedia
Air Force Research Laboratory — Emblem of AFRL … Wikipedia
Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center — Shield Active Country … Wikipedia