Far Rockaway, Queens

Far Rockaway is one of the four neighborhoods on the Rockaway Peninsula in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States. It describes the easternmost section of the Rockaways, usually the area east of Beach 77th Street, comprising the neighborhoods of Bayswater, Edgemere, Arverne, as well as Far Rockaway proper and Downtown Far Rockaway. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 14. [ [http://www.nyc.gov/html/cau/html/cb/cb_queens.shtml Queens Community Boards] , New York City. Accessed September 3, 2007.]

Far Rockaway's character is that of an inner-city, oceanfront commuter town, in some ways having more in common with Asbury Park, New Jersey than with New York City. Far Rockaway is one of the most distant New York neighborhoods from Manhattan, the cultural and financial center of New York City. Formerly populated by Eastern European Jewish and Irish immigrants, it now has a large African American population, though the westernmost portion still remains mostly Irish. Downtown Far Rockaway has a moderately large Central American population. There is also a large Orthodox Jewish population in the easternmost part of Far Rockaway, which borders Inwood and Lawrence, and other areas in the densely-Jewish Five Towns area across the Nassau County border. The area is home to a large and growing number of Haredi Jews with a large network of yeshivas and Jewish communal needs.

Recently, the area is being renewed with new beach houses and waterfront development. There has been a steady attempt at cleaning up the area, and along with its rough appearance, the crime rate is relatively high.

Far Rockaway is one of two New York City neighborhoods whose subway terminus is within realistic walking distance of the city limits (the Wakefield section of the Bronx is the other). This fact led to an interesting scenario in 1985, when New York City banned the sale of spray-paint cans to persons under the age of 18, in an effort to stem the tide of graffiti in the city; teenagers would travel across the city line into either Nassau County (after getting off the subway at the last stop in Far Rockaway) or Westchester County (from the last stop in Wakefield) to purchase spray paint there (Nassau County has since followed suit and prohibited spray-paint sales to minors, but Westchester County has not).

Rockaway Beach is sometimes known as the "Irish Riviera."

Transportation

Access to Manhattan is available via the IND Rockaway Line (NYCS Far Rockaway) subway service, which has a terminal at Mott Avenue. This subway stretch is completely elevated throughout the Rockaway Peninsula.

The Far Rockaway station is the terminus for the Long Island Rail Road's Far Rockaway Branch, providing full service in both directions to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and Flatbush Avenue / Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn. The line is unique in that trains leave New York City and make local stops in Nassau County before crossing back into Queens and terminating at Far Rockaway. Passengers can "change at Jamaica" between the various destinations and other LIRR lines. During rush hour, express service bypasses Jamaica station.

Residents of Far Rockaway thus have two options for access to Manhattan, an uncommon situation that provides a backup for commuters in the event of service disruptions on any one system.

The LIRR Far Rockaway Branch had originally been part of a loop that travelled along the existing route, continuing through the Rockaway Peninsula and heading on a trestle across Jamaica Bay through Queens where it reconnected with other branches. Frequent fires and maintenance problems led the LIRR to abandon the Queens portion of the route, which was acquired by the city to become the IND Rockaway Line, with service provided by the A train. [ [http://www.nycsubway.org/lines/rockaway.html IND Rockaway Branch/Jamaica Bay Crossing] , accessed June 14, 2006.]

Education

The neighborhood, like all of New York City, is served by the New York City Department of Education. Far Rockaway residents are zoned to several different elementary schools:
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q043/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 43]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q104/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 104 The Bayswater School]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q105/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 105 The Bay School]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q106/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 106]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q197/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 197 The Ocean School]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q215/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 215 Lucretia Mott]
* [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q253/default.htm?searchType=school P.S. 253]

Far Rockaway residents are zoned to [http://schools.nyc.gov/SchoolPortals/27/Q053/default.htm?searchType=school I.S. 53 Brian Piccolo] .

All New York City residents who wish to attend a public high school must apply to high schools. Far Rockaway High School is in Far Rockaway and Beach Channel High School is near Far Rockaway.

Stella Maris High School, an all-girls Catholic high school, is located adjacent to the beach.

Famous residents

*Richard Bey (born 1951), talk show host
*Baruch Samuel Blumberg (born 1925), 1942 graduate of Far Rockaway High School; won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1976. [http://www.queenstribune.com/best2002/celebrities-best2002.htm "The Best Queens Celebrities 2002"] , "Queens Tribune", accessed May 14, 2007.]
*Stack Bundles (1982-2007, born Rayquon Maurice Elliott), rapper, shot and killed outside his apartment at 14-60 Beach Channel Drive. [Lueck, Thomas J.; and Farmer, Ann. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/12/nyregion/12murder.html "Rising Rapper Is Fatally Shot Outside His Home in Queens"] , "The New York Times", June 12, 2007. "A 24-year-old Queens rapper whose career appeared to be on the rise was fatally shot as he was heading into his apartment building at 5 a.m. yesterday in Far Rockaway, the police said."]
*Father MC - Successful rap hip-hop artist back in the 1990s. Signed with the very popular Uptown Records that had artists like Mary J. Blige, Guy, Jodeci, and Heavy D.
*Joyce Brothers (born 1925), family psychologist and advice columnist (1928-) [ [http://www.shemadeit.org/meet/biography.aspx?m=110 Dr. Joyce Brothers: Television and Radio Writer, Producer, Host] , Museum of Television & Radio, Accessed May 14, 2007. "The daughter of lawyers, Joyce Diane Bauer was born in Manhattan and raised in Far Rockaway, Queens."]
*Sheila MacGill Callahan, author of "And Still the Turtle Watched". [ [http://us.penguingroup.com/nf/Author/AuthorPage/0,,1000020461,00.html Sheila MacGill-Callahan profile] , Penguin Group. Accessed July 24, 2008.]
*Richard Feynman (1918-1988), physicist and Nobel Prize laureate.
*Carl Icahn (born 1936), businessman.
*Stubby Kaye (1918–1997, born Bernard Sholm Kotzin), comic actor.Fact|date=August 2008
*Nancy Lieberman (born 1958), women's basketball pioneer. [ [http://odusports.cstv.com/sports/w-baskbl/mtt/lieberman_nancy00.html Nancy Lieberman player profile] , Old Dominion University, accessed May 14, 2007. "On May 6, 2000, the Far Rockaway, NY native earned her degree from Old Dominion University in interdisciplinary studies."]
*Phil Ochs (1940-1976), folk-protest singer (resided here for a period during childhood). [Tomasson, Robert E. [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10A17FE3E5F167493C2A8178FD85F428785F9 "Phil Ochs a Suicide at 35; Singer of Peace Movement"] , "The New York Times", April 10, 1976. Accessed July 24, 2008.]
*Robyn Ochs (born 1958), bisexual and marriage equality activist
*Rammellzee (born 1960), influential early graffiti artist, rap/hip-hop artist, and sculptor. Contemporary of Jean-Michel Basquiat. [ [http://www.upress.state.ms.us/aerosolkingdom/night.html "Night Train: The Power That Man Made"] , "New York Folklore", Vol. XVII, Nos. 1-2, 1991. Accessed May 18, 2007. "Growing up in Far Rockaway, Queens, RAMMELLZEE recalls the hours he spent riding and writing on trains"]
*Burton Richter - 1948 graduate of Far Rockaway High School; won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1976. [ [http://select.nytimes.com/search/restricted/article?res=F50710F93F5F0C758EDDA90994DE484D81 "IN SEARCH OF THE Z PARTICLE"] , "The New York Times", October 26, 1986. Accessed October 2, 2007. "BURTON RICHTER was born in Brooklyn 55 years ago, but grew up in Far Rockaway, Queens."]
*Michael Scanlan (born 1931) Catholic priest, author, and Chancellor of the Franciscan University of Steubenville. [ [http://www.dailycatholic.org/issue/99Nov/nov11top.htm "TOP 100 CATHOLICS OF THE CENTURY: 23. Father Michael Scanlan, TOR"] , "Daily Catholic", November 11, 1999. Accessed May 14, 2007. "Father Mike was born in Far Rockaway, New York on December 1, 1931 to Vincent M. Scanlan and Marjorie O'Keefe Scanlan."]
*MC Serch (born 1967 as Michael Berrin), former member of the hip hop group 3rd Bass. [Jackson, Brian Keith. [http://nymag.com/news/intelligencer/26038/ "Ice, Ice Babies: Reality-TV show tries to create the next Eminem."] , "New York (magazine)", December 31, 2006. Accessed November 23, 2007. "I grew up in Far Rockaway, and you’d always see shoes on the line."]
*Raymond Smullyan (born 1919), mathematician. [ [http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Smullyan.html Raymond M Smullyan] , University of St Andrews School of Mathematical and Computational Sciences. Accessed June 11, 2007. "Raymond Smullyan, known as Ray, was brought up in Far Rockaway in New York City."]
*Steve Stevens (born 1959 as Steve Schneider) Grammy Award winning guitarist for UK rocker Billy Idol.Fact|date=August 2008
*Herbert Sturhahn (born 1902), football player elected to the College Football Hall of Fame. [ [http://www.collegefootball.org/famersearch.php?id=20115 Herbert "Cobbles" Sturhahn] , College Football Hall of Fame. Accessed August 13, 2007.]
*Danny Sullivan (born 1950), race car driver.Fact|date=August 2008

References

External links

*Maps and aerial photos
**Hybrid satellite image/street map from


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