CBC Television

Infobox Network
network_name = CBC Television
network_
country = Canada
network_type = Broadcast television network
available = National (available in parts of northern U.S. and Caribbean, via cable or antenna)
owner = Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Government of Canada)
key_people = Richard Stursberg, executive vice president
John D. Cruickshank, editor in chief
Kristine Layfield, director of programming
launch_date = September 6, 1952
website = [http://www.cbc.ca/television/ CBC Television]

CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. It is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. This channel can be also seen on American cable systems.

Overview

CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports, entertainment and children's programming, in most cases feeding the same programming at the same local times nationwide, except to the Newfoundland Standard Time Zone, where programs air 30 minutes "late". As of 6:00 a.m. on October 9, 2006, the network went to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to do so. Previously, most CBC-owned stations actually signed off the airwaves during the early morning hours (typically 1:00 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.). Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC Newsworld in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News 24, CBC will use the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series, movies, and other programming from the CBC library. [ [http://jam.canoe.ca/Television/2006/10/05/1963028-cp.html] Dead link|date=May 2008] However, its French counterpart, Radio-Canada, still signs off every night.

While historically there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today (see "Stations", below), for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations only broadcast 30 minutes a day of local news, and usually no other local programming. However, the CBC has recently [ [http://www.friends.ca/News/Friends_News/archives/articles06200508.asp June 20, 2005 - CBC bets on drama, Global pushes comedy by Sean Davidson ] ] indicated that local programming will be expanded in some markets in fall 2005 as a pilot project.

Until the mid-1990s, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global. Since then, it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, and a few American movies and off-network repeats. Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007-08 season, hit series such as "Little Mosque on the Prairie" and "The Border" helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade. [ [http://www.channelcanada.com/Article2135.html CBC Television Announces Returning Shows for 2008-2009] , Channel Canada, March 8, 2008.]

In 2002, CBC Television and CBC Newsworld became the first broadcasters in Canada (and very likely the first broadcasters worldwideFact|date=June 2007) required to provide closed captioning for 100% of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, bumpers, billboards, promos, and other internal programming must be captioned. The requirement stems from a [http://www.caj.ca/mediamag/winter2001/lastword.html human rights complaint] filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug that was [http://www.chrc-ccdp.ca/media_room/news_releases-en.asp?id=247&content_type=2 settled in 2002] .

Programming

News and current affairs

The CBC's flagship newscast, "The National", airs weeknights at 10:00. Until October 2006, CBC-owned and operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11 p.m; this later broadcast included only the main news portion of the program, and excluded the analysis and documentary segment. This second airing was replaced in October 2006 with a rebroadcast of Newsworld's "".

"" airs in the 10:00 slot on Sunday nights, while there is only a short news update, at most, late Saturday evening. During hockey season, this update is usually found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on "Hockey Night in Canada".

Early evenings are filled by local news, titled "CBC News at Six" in most markets. "Saturday Report" airs at 6:00 p.m., while there is no early Sunday-evening newscast. Other newscasts include ', airing weekdays at 5:00 a.m., and ', airing at noon. Weekly newsmagazine "the fifth estate" is also a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as "The Passionate Eye".

ports

One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, "Hockey Night in Canada". It has been televised since 1952. However, during the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic movies, branded as "Movie Night in Canada", on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups criticized this and suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues; the CBC responded that most such broadcast rights were already held by other groups, but it did base each "Movie Night" broadcast from a different Canadian hockey venue.

Other than hockey, CBC Sports properties include the Canadian Football League, the Olympic Games through the 2008 edition, Toronto Blue Jays Baseball, Toronto FC Soccer, and various other amateur and professional events. It was also the exclusive carrier of Canadian Curling Association events during the 2004–2005 season.

Due to disappointing results and fan outrage over many draws being carried on "CBC Country Canada" (now called bold, the association tried to cancel its multiyear deal with the CBC signed in 2004. After the CBC threatened legal action, both sides eventually came to an agreement under which early-round rights reverted to TSN.

However, as of June 15, 2006, the Canadian Curling Association announced that TSN/CTV will obtain exclusive rights to curling broadcasts in Canada as of the 2008-09 season [http://www.curling.ca/about_the_cca/press_releases/press_release.asp?id=1224102758] , shutting the CBC out of the championship weekend for the first time in 40-plus years.

CBC Sports suffered another major blow when it was announced that after the 2007 season CFL regular season games and The Grey Cup will be moving to TSN, ending CBC's tenure with the CFL. It has been stated that the CFL was not happy with the CBC's lackluster production due to a lockout of CBC's union employees which forced the network to use CBC management to work the behind the scenes telecast and use stadium public address announcers in place of their regular announcer crew. [ [http://www.cfl.ca/index.php?module=newser&func=display&topicnum=&nid=14384&writer=0 CFL.ca Network :: Official site of the Canadian Football League ] ]

But in some good news for the network, on June 23 the network aired the first game in a two-year deal to broadcast Toronto Blue Jays games [ [http://www.cbc.ca/sports/baseball/broadcast-schedule.html 2008 TV Schedule: Rogers Blue Jays Baseball on CBC | CBCSports.ca ] ] , along with games of the Toronto FC of Major League Soccer. [ [http://www.cbc.ca/sports/torontofc-schedule.html Toronto FC: CBC TV Broadcast Schedule | CBC Sports Online ] ] In August, it was also announced that CBC would broadcast National Basketball Association games involving the Toronto Raptors, starting with the 2007-08 NBA Season.

Entertainment

Among CBC Television's best-known primetime series are comedy series "Rick Mercer Report", "This Hour Has 22 Minutes" and "Little Mosque on the Prairie", and dramas such as "The Tudors", "Heartland" and "Intelligence". In recent years, British series such as "Coronation Street" and "Doctor Who" have been given greater prominence; as noted above, it now carries very few American network series — afternoon strip reruns of "The Simpsons", "Frasier" and "Arrested Development" are the only American network programs currently appearing on the CBC's regular schedule.

In 2006, the CBC announced radical changes to its primetime lineup, including the following new series to premiere that fall:

* "Dragons' Den" (reality)
* "Intelligence" (drama)
* "Rumours" (comedy)
* "Underdogs" (a spinoff of "Marketplace")
* "Jozi-H" (medical drama; a Canadian-South African co-production)
* "" (a Canadian version of the American reality show simulcast by CBC in July 2006; Canadian series was not included on the schedule)
* "" (crime documentary series; already on schedule but will air in "core" of primetime for first time)
* repeats of "The Hour" on the main CBC network

Many were surprised by these changes to the CBC schedule, which were apparently intended to attract a younger audience to the network; some suggested they might alienate the core CBC viewership. Another note of criticism was made when the network decided to move "The National" in some time zones to simulcast the American version of "The One" over the summer. This later became a moot point, as "The One" was taken off the air after two weeks after extremely low American and Canadian ratings, and the newscast resumed its regular schedule.

In 2006, daytime programming was also revamped. While there were still repeats of CBC and foreign series, new talk shows such as "The Gill Deacon Show" and the regional franchise "Living" were added. Although "Living" still airs, "The Gill Deacon Show" was cancelled after just seven months, and replaced with another talk show, "Steven and Chris".

On January 9, 2007, CBC began airing a highly publicized new series called "Little Mosque on the Prairie", a comedy about a Muslim family living in rural Saskatchewan. The series garnered strong ratings as well as international media attention.

It was also announced that Martha Stewart's daytime show would be added to the CBC daytime lineup, with the nighttime "Wheel of Fortune" and "Jeopardy!" following in on September 2008 [ [http://jam.canoe.ca/Television/2007/09/07/4473444.html] [http://jam.canoe.ca/Television/2007/11/20/4671108-cp.html] ]

In January 2008, CBC television launched the drama series "The Border", "MVP" and "jPod", the reality series "The Week The Women Went" and the comedy "Sophie". Only "The Border" and "Sophie" were renewed for a second season in the fall of 2008. New series announced for the fall include "The Session" and "The Wild Roses".

Since 2005, the CBC has contributed production funds for the BBC Wales revival of "Doctor Who", for which it receives a special credit at the end of each episode; this arrangement has continued into the fourth season, scheduled for broadcast in 2008; the CBC similarly contributed to the first season of the spin-off series, "Torchwood". [ [http://www.c21media.net/news/detail.asp?area=4&article=29877 C21Media: ] ]

Children's programming

Children's and youth programming, often marketed as "Kids' CBC" (for younger kids) or "The Outlet" (formerly The X/The Void) (for pre-teens), occupies a significant portion of the morning and late-afternoon schedules on weekdays, and much of weekend mornings as well. However, despite a number of revamps, its influence is in decline with the continued rise of various specialty services serving the market.

CBC HD

On March 5, 2005, CBC Television launched an HD simulcast of its Toronto station CBLT. There are now also HD simulcasts of Vancouver's CBUT, Ottawa's CBOT and Montreal's CBMT. CBC-HD is available nationally via satellite and digital cable operators as well as for free via Digital Terrestrial Television using a regular TV antenna and a digital tuner (included in most new TVs) on the following channels:
* Toronto: 20
* Montreal: 20
* Ottawa: 25
* Vancouver: 58

In fall 2007, CBC upgraded its Toronto facilities, becoming the second fully HD broadcaster in Canada. "The National" and all its news programs originating from the same news studio in Toronto (including "CBC News: Sunday Night") are now available in HD.

tations

Most CBC television stations, including those in the major cities, are owned and operated by the CBC itself. CBC O&O stations deviate very little from the main network schedule, although there are some regional differences from time to time. For on-air identification, most CBC stations use the CBC brand rather than their call letters, not identifying themselves specifically until sign-on or sign-off (though some, like Toronto's CBLT, don't ID themselves at all). All CBC O&O stations have a standard call-letter naming convention, in that the first two letters are "CB" and the last letter is "T". Only the third letter varies from market to market; however, that letter is always the same as the third letter of the CBC Radio One and CBC Radio Two stations in the same market. An exception to this rule are the CBC North stations in Yellowknife, Whitehorse and Iqaluit.

Some stations that broadcast from smaller cities are private affiliates of the CBC, that is, stations which are owned by commercial broadcasters but air a predominantly CBC schedule. Such stations "generally" follow the CBC schedule, although they may opt out of some CBC programming in order to air locally-produced programs, syndicated series or programs purchased from other broadcasters, such as E! or A, which do not have a broadcast outlet in the same market. In these cases, the CBC programming being displaced may be broadcast at a different time than the network, or may not be broadcast on the station at all. Most private affiliates generally opt out of CBC's afternoon schedule and Thursday night arts programming. Private affiliates carry the 10 p.m. broadcast of "The National" as a core part of the CBC schedule, but generally omitted the 11 p.m. repeat (which is no longer broadcast). Most private affiliates produce their own local newscasts for a duration of 35 minutes. Some of the private affiliates have begun adding CBC's overnight programming to their schedules since the network went to 24-hour broadcasting.

Private CBC affiliates are not as common as they were in the past, as many such stations have been purchased either by the CBC itself or by Canwest Global or CHUM Limited, respectively becoming E! or A-Channel (now A) stations. One private CBC affiliate, CHBC Kelowna, joined CH on February 27, 2006. When a private CBC affiliate reaffiliates with another network, the CBC has normally added a retransmitter of its nearest O&O station to ensure that CBC service is continued. However, due to an agreement between CHBC and CFJC Kamloops, CFJC has also disaffilated from the CBC on February 27, 2006, but no retransmitters were installed in the licence area. Former private CBC affiliates CKPG Prince George and CHAT Medicine Hat disaffiliated on August 31, 2008 and joined E!, but the CBC announced it will not add new retransmitters to these areas. Incidentally, CFJC, CKPG and CHAT are all owned by The Jim Pattison Group as an independent media group.

CBC television stations in Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and Yukon, branded as CBC North, tailor their programming mostly to the local native population, and broadcast in many native languages such as Inuktitut, Gwichʼin, and Dene.

CBC Television worldwide

Carriage of CBC News

From 1994 through July 2005, CBC news programming was aired in the United States on Newsworld International.

On September 11, 2001, several American broadcasters without their own news operations, including C-SPAN, carried the CBC's coverage of the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York City and Washington, DC. In the days after September 11, C-SPAN carried CBC's nightly newscast, "The National", anchored by Peter Mansbridge.

C-SPAN has also carried CBC's coverage of major events affecting Canadians. Among them:
* Canadian federal elections.
* Six days in September 2000 that marked the death and state funeral of Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
* The war in Iraq. "The National" aired on C-SPAN each night for about 3 weeks following the attacks on Iraq.
** Peter Mansbridge signed off his broadcasts during that time, saying "I'm Peter Mansbridge. Thanks for watching, those of you here in Canada, and viewers across the United States watching us on C-SPAN."
* The power outage crisis in summer 2003.
* Key proceedings in Canadian Parliament, such as state openings.
* U.S. presidential elections.
** In 2004, C-SPAN picked up "The National" the day after the election for the view from Canadians.
* State and official visits of American presidents to Canada.
** During MSNBC's coverage of President George W. Bush's visit to Canada, CBC's senior parliamentary editor, Don Newman, appeared on MSNBC.

Several PBS stations also air some CBC programming, especially "The Red Green Show", although no CBC programming currently airs on the full network schedule.

Border audiences

CBC Television stations can be received in many United States communities along the Canadian border by way of over-the-air and have a significant audience. Such a phenomenon can also take place within Great Lakes communities such as Ashtabula, Ohio, which receives programming from CBC's London, Ontario transmitter, based upon prevailing atmospheric conditions over Lake Erie.

* Southeastern Michigan (including Detroit), and Northern Ohio, (including Toledo, Bowling Green, Findlay, and surrounding areas) receive local Windsor CBC-owned station CBET over the air, and on local cable systems, such as Bright House, Wide Open West, Charter, Comcast, Time Warner Cable, and Buckeye Cable. The station can also be seen as far as Cleveland, Ohio with a strong antenna.

* Montreal CBC O&O station CBMT can be seen on various cable systems in the northern parts of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota, including Charter cable systems in Michigan cities like Alpena, Bay City, Midland, Mount Pleasant and Marquette.

* In Maine, Time Warner Cable (formerly Adelphia Cable) carries CBMT in Bangor; cable viewers along the border can receive CBAT-TV. "The Bangor Daily News" carries listings for CBAT (and CKLT-TV Saint John as well).

* In northwest Washington state, CBC O&O station CBUT is distributed to almost one million Comcast cable subscribers in Seattle, Bellevue, Tacoma, Olympia, and Everett.

* In the Champlain Valley of Northern Upstate New York and Vermont, local cable systems in Plattsburgh, New York and Burlington, Vermont (Charter and Comcast, respectively) carry the Montreal affiliate CBMT.

* In addition, many cable systems in northern Minnesota and northern North Dakota carry CBWT, CBC's Winnipeg affiliate.

* The Buffalo, NY cable systems carry CBLT from Toronto. It is also easily receivable via antenna as far south as Cattaraugus County and some communities in Niagara County can receive the HD feed via an antenna.

* The SUNY Oswego campus cable system carries CKWS-TV in Kingston, although it is only a part-time CBC affiliate and not owned by the CBC. On public cable systems, Time Warner carries CKWS in Jefferson and western St. Lawrence counties, and as far south as Utica. In eastern St. Lawrence County, CBC O&O CBOT from Ottawa is carried instead.

* Some communities in the US, such as Alexandria, Minnesota, offer CBC North on low-powered repeaters, courtesy of the local TV association.

* Many northern communities have high viewership of the CBC's "Hockey Night in Canada". The CBC's coverage of hockey events, including NHL finals, is generally considered more complete and consistent than coverage by other networks. The CBC's coverage of the Olympic Games has also found a significant audience in American border regions. The CBC is also the only network that consistently carries coverage of curling.

Caribbean and Bermuda

Several Caribbean nations carry feeds of CBC TV:

*Bahamas, on the CoralWave (Cable Bahamas) TV system in the Northern Bahamas (Channel 8)
*Barbados, on the Caribbean Broadcasting Corporation Multi-Choice TV Cable system (Channel 703)
*Bermuda, on the CableVision digital cable service
*Trinidad and Tobago, on the Columbus Communications Trinidad Ltd. (CCTL) TV system

logans

*1966: "Television is CBC"
*1970 (ca.): "When you watch, watch the best"
*1977: "Bringing Canadians Together"
*1980: "We Are the CBC"
*1984: "Look to us for good things" "(general)" / "Good To Know" "(news and public affairs)"
*1988–1989: "Best on the Box"
*1990–1991: "CBC and You"
*1992–1994: "Go Public" / "CBC: Public Broadcasting" "(that season, the CBC emphasised the fact that they are a public broadcaster)"
*1995–2001: "Television to Call Our Own"
*2002–2007: "Canada's Own"
*2007–Present: "Canada Lives Here"

ee also

*List of CBC television stations
*List of programs broadcast by CBC Television
*Télévision de Radio-Canada

References

External links

* [http://www.cbc.ca/television CBC Television]
* [http://www.cbc.radio-canada.ca/ CBC/Radio-Canada Corporate Site]
* [http://www.cbc.ca/newsbrand/cbcnews-montage20060109.wmv Video montage of new (2006) CBC News graphic set]
* [http://ca.youtube.com/profile?user=CBCtv CBC Television on Youtube]
* [http://www.broadcasting-history.ca/networks/networks_CBC_Television.html CBC Television history at Canadian Communications Foundation]


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