Alexandru G. Golescu

Infobox Person
name = Alexandru G. Golescu

caption = Alexandru G. Golescu in 1870
birth_date = 1819
birth_place = Bucharest, Wallachia
death_date = August 15, 1881
death_place = Rusăneşti, Olt County
known_for = Prime Minister of Romania
occupation = Politician

Alexandru G. Golescu (1819—August 15, 1881) was a Romanian politician who served as a Prime Minister of Romania in 1870 (between February 14 and May 1).


Early life

Born in the Golescu family of boyars in Bucharest, Wallachia, he was the cousin of the brothers Ştefan and Nicolae Golescu; Alexandru G. was often referred to as Alexandru Golescu Negru ("Golescu the Black"), to distinguish him from his relative and fellow activist Alexandru C. Golescu (who was known as "Albu" - "the White").

Alexandru G. Golescu studied at the Saint Sava Academy and then in Paris, at the "École d'Arts et Métiers", and returned to be an engineer in Wallachia.

Together with Nicolae Bălcescu, Ion Ghica and Christian Tell, Golescu was a founding member of the "Frăţia" ("Brotherhood") freemason and radical secret society in 1843, meant as opposition to Wallachian Prince Gheorghe Bibescu. He returned to Paris in 1845 to be a member of a revolutionary society of the Romanian students.

Revolution and later years

He took part in the Wallachian revolution of 1848, and were members of the Revolutionary Committee formed around "Frăţia". He was a secretary of the Provisional Government, and served as its representative in France after July 14, 1848 (in this capacity, he called for the French Second Republic's support in combating the threat of Ottoman and Imperial Russian intervention in Wallachia). Golescu was also active in negotiating an agreement between the Hungarian government of Lajos Kossuth and the Transylvanian Romanian forces of Avram Iancu, but his efforts were largely unsuccessful.

After the revolution in Bucharest was crushed, Ghica remained in exile until 1856, when, after Russian presence had been swept by the effects of the Crimean War he returned to campaign for the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia, which was successful in 1859 when Alexander John Cuza was elected "Domnitor" of the two Danubian Principalities. He later served several times as minister and once, for only half a year, as Prime Minister under Prince Carol. He died at his estate in Rusăneşti, Olt County.

External links

* [ "Golescu-Negru"] , by James Chastain, October 19, 2004, at the Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions.

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