Ciclone class torpedo boat

Class overview
Operators:  Regia Marina
 Kriegsmarine
 Yugoslav Navy
 Soviet Navy
Built: 19421943
In commission: 19421949
Completed: 16
Lost: 11
General characteristics [1]
Type: Torpedo boat
Displacement: 910 long tons (920 t) standard
1,625 long tons (1,651 t) full load
Length: 82.5 m (270 ft 8 in)
Beam: 9.9 m (32 ft 6 in)
Draught: 3.77 m (12 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft steam turbines
2 Yarrow type boilers
16,000 hp (11,900 kW)
Speed: 26 knots (30 mph; 48 km/h)
Complement: 154
Armament: • 2 × 100 mm (3.9 in) guns (3 guns in some ships after refit)
• 8 × 20 mm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns
• 8 × 13.2 mm (0.52 in) AA machine guns
• 4 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
• 4 × depth charge throwers

The Ciclone class were a group of torpedo boats or destroyer escorts built for the Italian Navy which fought in the Second World War. They were slightly enlarged versions of the previous Orsa class, they had improved stability and heavier anti-submarine armament. These ships were built as part of the Italian war mobilisation programme and completed in 1942-43.

Ships

Ship Builder Launched Operational History
Aliseo Navalmeccanica 20 September 1942 War reparation to the Yugoslav Navy, 1949 as the Triglav
Animoso Ansaldo, Genoa 15 April 1942 Reparation to the USSR, 1949 as destroyer Ladny (Ладный), BU 1958
Ardente Ansaldo, Genoa 27 May 1942 Sank submarine HMS P48 on 25 December 1942. Sunk in collision with the destroyer Grecale 12 January 1943
Ardimentoso Ansaldo, Genoa 27 June 1942 Reparation to the USSR, 1949 as destroyer Liuty (Лютый), BU 1960
Ardito Ansaldo, Genoa 16 March 1942 Captured by the Germans in September 1943, served as TA25. Either sunk 15 June 1944 by US Navy PT boats or destroyed by sabotage at Rapallo on 6 July 1944[2]
Ciclone CRDA, Trieste 1 March 1942 She took part in the shooting down of three Beaufort bombers and a Beaufighter while escorting a convoy to Libya between 20-21 August 1942.[3] Fought off several British motor launches and amphibious crafts during the botched Allied landing on Tobruk, on 14 September 1942. Sunk by mines 8 March 1943
Fortunale CRDA, Trieste 18 April 1942 Sank submarine HMS P222 on 12 December 1942. Reparation to the USSR, 1949 as destroyer Liotny (Лётный), sunk as target ship 1959
Ghibli Navalmeccanica 28 February 1943 Seized by the Germans in September 1943, but not repaired. Scuttled in La Spezia 25 April 1945
Groppo Navalmeccanica 19 April 1943 Sank submarine HMS Utmost on 25 November 1942. Sunk 25 May 1943, by bombing
Impavido CT Riva Trigoso 24 February 1943 Captured by the Germans in September 1943, served as TA23. Struck a mine on 25 April 1944 and finished off by British MTBs while taken in tow[4]
Impetouso CT Riva Trigoso 20 April 1943 Scuttled 11 September 1943
Indomito CT Riva Trigoso 6 July 1943 War reparation to the Yugoslav Navy, 1949 as the Biokovo
Intrepido CT Riva Trigoso 8 September 1943 Captured by the Germans in September 1943, served as TA26. Sunk by US PT boats 15 July 1944[5]
Monsone Navalmeccanica 7 June 1942 Sunk 1 March 1943 at Naples by Allied bombing[6]
Tifone CRDA Trieste 31 March 1943 Scuttled in Tunis, 7 May 1943
Uragano CRDA Trieste 3 May 1942 Sunk by mines 3 February 1943

References

  1. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting ships 1922-1946
  2. ^ TA 25
  3. ^ Shores, Cull & Malizia (1991).Malta: The Spitfire Year 1942. Grub Street, pp. 522-524. ISBN 094881716-X
  4. ^ TA 23
  5. ^ TA 26
  6. ^ Torpediniera Monsone From trentoincina.it (Italian)

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