name = Gunns Limited
founder = John and Thomas Gunn
Head Office = Launceston,
location_city = Launceston,
key_people = John E. Gay (
Managing Directorand Executive Chairman)
revenue = profit$637.6 million
AUD(2006)cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = 2006 Annual Report| work = | publisher =Gunns Limited | date = | url =http://www.gunns.com.au/corporate/download/gunns_annual_report_2006.pdf | format = | doi = | accessdate =2007-06-07]
net_income = profit$87.2 million
num_employees = 1,662 (2006)
divisions = Gunns Plantations Limited Gunns Pulp Entally Estate Tamar Ridge Wines Gunns Retail
homepage = [http://www.gunns.com.au/ www.gunns.com.au]
intl = yes
Gunns Limited (asx|GNS) is a major
forestryenterprise located in Tasmania, Australia. Founded in 1875 by brothers John and Thomas Gunn, it is one of Australia's oldest companies. It has over 900 square kilometres of plantations, mainly eucalyptustrees. It is Tasmania’s largest private land-owner. The company employs over 1200 people and has a turnover in excess of AUS$600 million. Gunns is the largest woodchipper in the Southern Hemisphere, with a monopoly in Tasmania's forest industry [cite journal | last = Schofield | first = Leo |authorlink = Leo Schofield | title = Toxic avengers | journal = Bulletin with Newsweek (Australia) | volume = 121 | number=6376 | pages = 11 |date=October 6 2003] . Gunns also runs retail stores throughout Tasmania including several Mitre 10outlets and the Tamar Ridge winery.
Gunns operates three hardwood sawmills in
Western Australia. Their nationwide product line of timber flooring includes the hardwood, Jarrah, found in the southwest of the state. The timber is reddish-brown when hewn and is, "renowned for its beauty, warmth and durability". [cite web | url = http://www.gunnswa.com.au/ | title = About Gunns (WA) | accessdate = 2007-06-07 | author = Gunns | authorlink = Gunns | coauthors = | date = | year = | month = | format = | work = | publisher = Company website | pages = | language = | quote = Gunns in Western Australia has demonstrated its commitment to product and service excellence by achieving the coveted International Standard ISO9001:2000 Quality Assurance Certification. ] Their environmental initiatives include achieving certification under International standardISO 14001:2004. [cite web | url = http://www.gunnswa.com.au/ | title = Gunns Limited Western Australia - Environmental Policy | accessdate = 2007-06-07 | author = Gunns | authorlink = Gunns | coauthors = Max Evans - General Manager | year = 2006 | month = October | format = | work = | publisher = Company website | pages = | language = | quote = Gunns is committed to the United Nationsdefinition of sustainable development; that is "development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs". ] Gunns supplies local trade and retail markets from its distribution yard in Welshpool, near Perth.
The company has been the focus of criticism from
environmentalists, primarily for its four woodchip mills which produce 4 million tonnes of chips for export annually. Green groups claim that native forests are harvested specifically for woodchipping, whereas Gunns claim that the majority of their chips come from residue from their sawmilling and veneer operations. Gunns' major customers are paper producers in Northern Asia, mainly Japan, including Mitsubishi, Nipponand Oji Paper. Gunns has also been criticized for its logging operations in the Styx Valleyand for its use of 1080 poison[http://www.wilderness.org.au/campaigns/corporate/gunns/whatisgunn/] to kill wildlife including protected species (baiting and particularly aerial spraying of forest prior to clearfelling [cite journal | last= Schofield | first = Leo | authorlink = Leo Schofield | title = Toxic avengers | journal = Bulletin with Newsweek (Australia) | volume = 121 | number = 6376 | pages = 11 | date = October 6 2003] ).
In 1989, the chairman of Gunns,
Edmund Rouse, unsuccessfully attempted to bribe a Labor member, Jim Cox, to cross the floor, which would have allowed the pro-logging Tasmanian government of premier Robin Grayand the Liberal Party to resume power. A Royal Commission followed and convicted Rouse.cite journal | last = Flanagan | first = Richard | authorlink = Richard Flanagan | title = Out of control: the tragedy of Tasmania's forests | journal = The Monthly | volume = 23 | pages = 20–31 |month=May | year=2007] Robin Gray is now a director of Gunns Limited.
Further allegations of corruption appeared when
Paul Lennon, Premier of Tasmania, had his heritage home renovated by a Gunns-owned company at the height of Gunns' push for the Bell Bay Pulp Mill. Lennon refused to disclose how much he paid for the renovations. [The Australian. " [http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,22532174-28737,00.html Gunned down] ". John Lyons. October 05, 2007.]
Bell Bay Pulp Mill
The company is planning to build a $2 billion
pulp millin the Tamar Valley, near Launceston. The proposed mill will use the Kraft process, Elemental Chlorine Free (ECF) bleaching, and fed with eucalypt forest timber. The project is supported by the State Government for economic and employment benefits which are said to include $6.7 billion in spending over 25 years and 2000 temporary jobs created during the construction phase,Fact|date=October 2007 but opposed by environmental groups.Fact|date=October 2007Federal Environment Minister Malcolm Turnbull gave approval for the project on Wednesday 3rd October 2007.
In "Gunns Limited v Marr & Ors"Cite Case AU|VSC|251|2005] , Gunns filed a
writin the Supreme Court of Victoria, against 20 individuals and organisations including Senator Bob Brown, for over 7.8 million dollars.Cite Case AU|VSC|386|2006]
The original list of defendants was:columns |width = max
Bob Brown- federal Greens senator (dropped December 2006)
*Adam Burling - Huon Valley Environment Centre
Doctors for Native ForestsInc. (dropped November 2006)
col2=*Heidi Douglas - The Wilderness Society (TWS)
*Helen Gee (dropped November 2006)
*Russell Hanson - TWS
Huon Valley Environment CentreInc.
*Geoff Law - TWS
*Alec Marr - TWS
*Leanne Minshull - formerly of TWS
*Peter Pullinger (dropped November 2006)
*Margaret (Peg) Putt - Greens MHA (dropped December 2006)
*The Wilderness Society Inc.
Gunns claims that the defendants have sullied its reputation and caused it to lose jobs and profits. The defendants claim that they are protecting the environment. The defendants have become collectively known as the Gunns 20. [" [http://www.theage.com.au/news/in-depth/gunns-greenies-and-the-law/2006/08/29/1156617279358.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1 Gunns, greenies and the law] " by Andrew Darby, The Age, August 29, 2006. Accessed June 10, 2007]
Opponents and critics of the case have suggested that the writ was filed with the intent to discourage public criticism of the company, in a similar vein to a
Strategic lawsuit against public participation, commonly used in North America, [cite web |url=http://bobbrown.org.au/300_campaigns_sub.php?&deptItemID=25 |title=GUNNS 20 |accessdate=2007-06-07 |format= |work= Senator Bob Brown] [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title =Tasmanian action a threat to basic rights| publisher = The Guardian| date =2006-04-03 | url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/letters/story/0,,1745396,00.html | format = | doi = | accessdate =2007-06-07] and the English McLibel caseof McDonald'sRestaurants against environmental activists Helen Steel and David Morris over a pamphlet critical of the company. [cite web | url=http://www.theage.com.au/news/Opinion/Who-benefits-when-a-company-sues-to-save-its-reputation/2004/12/16/1102787209525.html | title=Who benefits when a company sues to save its reputation? Melbourne Age Newspaper, 17 Dec 04] Gunns has maintained the position that they are merely trying to prevent parties enjoined to the writ from undertaking unlawful activities that disrupt their business. [cite web | url=http://www.abc.net.au/rn/talks/8.30/lawrpt/stories/s1287516.htm | title=The Law Report, ABC Radio National, 25 Jan 05] [cite web | url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/Opinion/Middleground-views-are-up-against-battleground-tactics/2005/04/06/1112489558868.html | title=Sydney Morning Herald, Middle ground views are up against battleground tactics, 7 Apr 05]
At a hearing before the
Supreme Court of Victoria, an amended statement of claim lodged by the company and served on defendants on July 1, 2005was dismissed.. However, the judge in the case granted the company leave to lodge a third version of their statement of claim with the court no later than August 15, 2005.
The application continued before the court, before being brought to a close on
October 20, 2006. In his ruling, The Honourable Justice Bongiorno, made an award of costs in favour of the respondents only as far as it covered those costs incurred with the striking out the third version of the statement of claim, and costs incurred associated with their application for costs.
In November 2006, Gunns dropped the case against Helen Gee, Peter Pullinger and Doctors for Forests. In December 2006, it abandoned the claim against Greens MPs Bob Brown and Peg Putt. [cite news |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200612/s1811085.htm |title=Gunns abandons legal action against Greens leaders |date=December 13, 2006 |publisher=ABC News Online |accessdate=2007-06-11]
* [http://www.gunns.com.au/ Gunns Limited home page]
* [http://www.gunnspulpmill.com.au/ Pulp Mill Project Page]
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Gunns Gunns] on SourceWatch
* [http://www.wilderness.org.au/campaigns/corporate/gunns/whatisgunn/ Gunns Limited] overview from The Wilderness Society.
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