Paul Mayer

infobox cardinalstyles
cardinal name=Paul Mayer
dipstyle=His Eminence
offstyle=Your Eminence
See=Satrianum (titular see)|

Paul Augustin Mayer O.S.B. (born 23 May 1911) is a Roman Catholic Cardinal and is currently President Emeritus of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei".

He was born in Altötting, Germany. He joined the Order of Saint Benedict at the abbey of Saint Michael, Metten, taking the name of Augustin. He had his monastic profession in 1931. He studied at the University of Salzburg and at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of San Anselmo in Rome.

He was ordained on 25 August 1935. After his ordaination he was a faculty member at the abbey of Saint Michael from 1937 until 1939. He was transferred to be a faculty member at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of Sant'Anselmo from 1939 until 1966. He serving as its rector from 1949 until 1966. He was the Apostolic visitor to the Swiss seminaries from 1957 until 1959. He served as Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the Second Vatican Council from 1960 until 1962. He was elected abbot of St. Michael's Abbey, Metten, Bavaria on 3 November 1966. He received the abbatial blessing from Rudolf Graber, bishop of Regensburg. He was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes on 8 September 1971.

Episcopate

As secretary he was appointed titular archbishop of "Satrianum" by Pope Paul VI on 6 January 1972 and was consecrated on February 13 by Pope Paul, assisted by Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Cardinal Archbishop of Utrecht, and William Conway, Cardinal Archbishop of Armagh. Pope John Paul II named him Pro-Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on 8 April 1984.

Cardinalate

He was created and proclaime Cardinal-Deacon of "Sant'Anselmo all'Aventino" in the consistory of May 25 1985. He was named full Prefect of the Congregation two days later. He presided over the unification of two district congregations that were united under one name from 1988 on. He resigned the prefecture on 1 July 1988. He was appointed the first President of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei the next day. The commission intends to return to full communion with the Holy See those traditionalist Catholics who are in a state of separation, of whom the Society of Saint Pius X. He lost the right to participate in a conclave when turned 80 years of age in 1991. He resigned the presidency on 1 July 1991. He opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro hac vice to title on January 29 1996.


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