List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado
This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado. A list of National Park Service administered areas in Colorado that have a historic focus is also included. There are 21 National Historic Landmark sites in Colorado.
National Historic Landmarks in Colorado
The following table is a complete list of the 21 federally designated National Historic Landmarks located in Colorado.
 Landmark name Image Year listed Locality County Description 1 Bent's Old Fort December 19, 1960 La Junta
Otero Adobe fort built in 1833 to trade with Plains Indians and trappers, on Santa Fe Trail 2 Central City/Black Hawk Historic District July 4, 1961 Central City and Black Hawk
Gilpin Former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, once known as the 'Richest Square Mile on Earth 3 Colorado Chautauqua February 10, 2006 Boulder
Boulder This 1898 Chautauqua is the only one West of the Mississippi, one of only four continuously operating since its inception, and the only one open year round. 4 Cripple Creek Historic District July 4, 1961 Cripple Creek
Teller The gold mining town of Cripple Creek and the surrounding hills 5 Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad July 4, 1961 Durango to Silverton
San Juan and La Plata Narrow gauge mining railroad which has continued to serve as a tourist line between Durango and Silverton 6 Georgetown-Silver Plume Historic District November 13, 1966 Georgetown and Silver Plume
Clear Creek Historic district which includes the silver mining towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume as well as the 1884 railway engineering marvel which connects them, the Georgetown Loop. 7 Granada War Relocation Center February 10, 2006 Granada
Prowers World War II Japanese American internment center 8 Leadville Historic District July 4, 1961 Leadville
Lake Historic Leadville, Colorado mining district and village area 9 Lindenmeier Site January 20, 1961 Norfolk Larimer The only extensive Folsom culture campsite yet found with artifacts dating from approximately 11200 BCE to 3000 BCE. 10 Lowry Ruin July 19, 1964 Pleasant View
Montezuma Ancient Pueblo Peoples archaeological site from 1060 with a very large kiva 11 Ludlow Tent Colony Site January 16, 2009 Ludlow
Las Animas  12 Mesa Verde Administrative District May 29, 1987 Mesa Verde National Park
Montezuma First buildings built by the National Park Service with intent to reflect cultural traditions in the park area, built in 1921 13 Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel No. 6 February 27, 1987 Burlington
Kit Carson Carousel built for Elitch Gardens in 1905. In 1928 it moved to Kit Carson County fairgrounds where it remains open today. It is the only antique carousel in America retaining its original paint on both the scenery panels and the animals, and it is the only surviving Philadelphia Toboggan Company menagerie carousel. 14 Pikes Peak July 4, 1961 Colorado Springs
El Paso Pike's Peak (everything above 14,000 feet (4,300 m) elevation). This mountain was inspiration for "America the Beautiful" as well as the motto "Pike's Peak or Bust" 15 Pike's Stockade July 4, 1961 Sanford
Conejos Explorer Zebulon Pike set up a fort here. 16 Raton Pass December 19, 1960 Trinidad, CO and Raton, NM
Las Animas, CO and Colfax, NM Mountain pass between New Mexico and Colorado 17 Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building January 3, 2001 Estes Park
Larimer Also known as the Beaver Meadows Visitor Center, it was designed by Taliesin Associated Architects, their first major work after Frank Lloyd Wright had died. It demonstrated modern architecture could be successful inside the National Parks and was the last significant project in Mission 66. 18 Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill February 16, 2000 Silverton
San Juan Only surviving example of a selective flotation mill in Colorado. 19 Silverton Historic District July 4, 1961 Silverton
San Juan Former silver mining town, home of the Shenandoah-Dives (Mayflower) Mill and one end of the Durango-Silverton Narrow-Gauge Railroad 20 Telluride Historic District July 4, 1961 Telluride
San Miguel Former gold mining boomtown, it is now an artistic retreat and a ski resort town 21 United States Air Force Academy, Cadet Area April 1, 2004 Colorado Springs
El Paso Bold use of Modern architecture at the United States Air Force Academy, especially with the Cadet Chapel
Historic areas of the NPS in Colorado
National Historical Parks, some National Monuments, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are four of these in Colorado. The National Park Service lists these four together with the NHLs in the state,
Bent's Old Fort is a National Historic Site as well as a National Historic Landmark. The others are:
Landmark name Image Date established Location County Description 1 Hovenweep National Monument March 2, 1923 Cortez, CO and Blanding, UT Montezuma,CO and San Juan,UT Six clusters of Native American ruins; shared with Utah 2 Mesa Verde National Park June 29, 1906 Cortez Montezuma Numerous ruins of homes and villages built by the ancient Pueblo people; known for cliff dwellings; Mesa Verde translates into English as "green table" 3 Yucca House National Monument December 19, 1919 Cortez Montezuma Unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan archaeological site
- List of Registered Historic Places in Colorado
- List of National Historic Landmarks by state
- Wikimedia Commons: National Historic Landmarks in Colorado
- ^ a b c d e National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/designations/Lists/LIST11.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
- ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
- ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
- ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm. Retrieved on various dates.
- ^ "Interior Secretary Kempthorne Designates 9 National Historic Landmarks in 9 States". Department of the Interior. 2009-01-16. http://www.doi.gov/news/09_News_Releases/011609c.html.
- ^ These are listed on p.111 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State", November 2007 version.
- ^ Date of listing as National Historic Site or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
National Historic Landmarks by state StateAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts (Boston) • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York (New York City) • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Federal district Other Protected Areas of the State of Colorado FederalNational ParksNational MonumentsNational Recreation AreasNational Historic SitesNational Historic TrailsOld Spanish Trail · Pony Express Trail · Santa Fe TrailNational Scenic TrailContinental Divide TrailNational WildernessBlack Canyon of the Gunnison · Black Ridge Canyons · Buffalo Peaks · Byers Peak · Cache La Poudre · Collegiate Peaks · Comanche Peak · Dominguez · Eagles Nest · Flat Tops · Fossil Ridge · Great Sand Dunes · Greenhorn Mountain · Gunnison Gorge · Holy Cross · Hunter-Fryingpan · Indian Peaks · James Peak · La Garita · Lizard Head · Lost Creek · Maroon Bells-Snowmass · Mesa Verde · Mount Evans · Mount Massive · Mount Sneffels · Mount Zirkel · Neota · Never Summer · Platte River · Powderhorn · Ptarmigan Peak · Raggeds · Rawah · Sangre de Cristo · Sarvis Creek · South San Juan · Spanish Peaks · Uncompahgre · Vasquez Peak · Weminuche · West ElkNational Conservation AreasGunnison Gorge · McInnis CanyonsNational Wildlife Refuges StateArkansas Headwaters · Barr Lake · Bonny Lake · Boyd Lake · Castlewood Canyon · Chatfield · Cherry Creek · Cheyenne Mountain · Crawford · Eldorado Canyon · Eleven Mile · Golden Gate Canyon · Harvey Gap · Highline Lake · Jackson Lake · James M. Robb - Colorado River · John Martin Reservoir · Lake Pueblo · Lathrop · Lone Mesa · Lory · Mancos · Mueller · Navajo · North Sterling · Paonia · Pearl Lake · Ridgway · Rifle Falls · Rifle Gap · Roxborough · San Luis · Spinney Mountain · St. Vrain · Stagecoach · State Forest · Staunton · Steamboat Lake · Sweitzer Lake · Sylvan Lake · Trinidad Lake · Vega · Yampa River OtherBeaver Meadows · Burlington Carousel · Black Hawk · Central City · Colorado Chautauqua · Cripple Creek · Durango-Silverton Railroad · Georgetown · Granada · Leadville · Lindenmeier Site · Lowry Ruin · Mesa Verde · Pikes Peak · Pike's Stockade · Raton Pass · Shenandoah-Dives Mill · Silver Plume · Silverton · Telluride · U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet AreaAlpine Loop · Cache la Poudre-North Park · Colorado River Headwaters · Dinosaur Diamond · Flat Tops · Frontier Pathways · Gold Belt · Grand Mesa · Guanella Pass · Highway of Legends · Lariat Loop · Los Caminos Antiguos · Mount Evans · Pawnee Pioneer · Peak to Peak · San Juan Skyway · Santa Fe Trail · Silver Thread · South Platte River Trail · Top of the Rockies · Trail of the Ancients · Trail Ridge · Unaweep/Tabeguache · West Elk Loop U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other
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