John Trevisa

John Trevisa or John of Trevisa (1342 - 1402), translator, was a Cornishman, educated at Oxford, who became Vicar of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, chaplain to the 4th Lord Berkeley, and Canon of Westbury on Trym.

He translated for his patron the "Polychronicon" of Ranulf Higden, adding remarks of his own, and prefacing it with a "Dialogue on Translation between a Lord and a Clerk". He likewise made various other translations, including Bartholomaeus Anglicus' "On the Properties of Things" "(De Proprietatibus Rerum)", a medieval forerunner of the encyclopedia.

A fellow of Queen's College, Oxford from 1372-76 at the same time as John Wycliff and Nicholas of Hereford, Trevisa may well have been one of the contributors to the Early Version of Wyclif's Bible. The preface to the King James Version of 1611 singles him out as a translator amongst others at that time: "even in our King Richard the second's days, John Trevisa translated them [the Gospels] into English, and many English Bibles in written hand are yet to be seen that divers translated, as it is very probable, in that age". Subsequently he translated a number of books of the Bible into French for Lord Berkeley, including a version of the "Book of Revelation", which his patron had written up onto the ceiling of the chapel at Berkeley Castle.

Father of Mary Trevisa with wife, Amicia.

References

* David C. Fowler, "John Trevisa", Ashgate (1993) ISBN 0-86078-370-7
* David C. Fowler, "The life and times of John Trevisa, medieval scholar", Seattle: University of Washington press (1995) ISBN 0-295-97427-3

External links

* [http://user.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~holteir/companion/Navigation/Authors/Trevisa/trevisa.html John of Trevisa] , "Online Companion to Middle English Literature"
* [http://www.bartleby.com/212/0303.html John Trevisa] , "Cambridge History of English and American Literature" (1907-21) - see also the previous and following pages.
* David C. Fowler, [http://www.illinoismedieval.org/ems/VOL5/5ch1.html Piers Plowman: In Search of an Author] (1988) - article proposing that a revised edition of Piers Plowman was by the hand of Trevisa.


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  • Trevisa, John — (ca. 1342–ca. 1402)    John Trevisa was influential in making the English language an acceptable vehicle for important written works. His translations of the Latin texts of Ranulf HIGDEN’s Polychronicon (ca. 1385–87) and Bartholomaeus Anglicus’s… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Trevisa, John of — (1326 1412)    Translator, a Cornishman, ed. at Oxf., was Vicar of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, and chaplain to the 4th Lord Berkeley, and Canon of Westbury. He translated for his patron the Polychronicon of Ranulf Higden, adding remarks of his own …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Higden, Ranulf — (Ralph Hikedon) (ca. 1285–1364)    Ranulf Higden was a Benedictine monk of Saint Werburgh’s Abbey in Chester, who wrote several theological texts but is best known for his Historia polychronica, or Polychronicon a universal history in Latin prose …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

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