Bridge over the Citarum River
Origin Mount Wayang, Bandung Regency, West Java Mouth Java Sea, Ujung Karawang, Karawang Regency, West Java, Basin countries Indonesia Length 300 km
Citarum (Sundanese: Walungan Citarum) is a river in West Java, Indonesia. It has an important role in the life of the people of West Java, as it is used to support agriculture, water supply, fishery, industry, sewerage, electricity etc. There are three Hydroelectric powerplant dams installed along this river; Saguling, Cirata, and Ir. H. Djuanda (Jatiluhur) hydroelectric powerplants, all supplying the electricity for Bandung and Greater Jakarta area. The Jatiluhur Dam with capacity up to 2.5 billion cubic metre is the Indonesian biggest dam in capacity.
In Indonesian history the river is linked with 4th century Tarumanagara kingdom, as the kingdom and the river shared the same etymology, derived from the word "Tarum" (Sundanese for indigo plant). According to stone inscriptions and Chinese sources, also the archaeological sites such as Batujaya and Cibuaya, suggested that the human habitation and civilization has flourished in and around the river estuaries and river valley as early as 4th century and even earlier.
In November 2011, the river revitalization has been initialised with expected value Rp35 trillion ($4 billion) disbursement in 15 years. The revitalization will be done from Mount Wayang through 8 regency and 3 cities with 180 kilometer lenght. Targeted in the first 3 years will be picked up 10.5 million cubic meters of sedimentation.
- ^ http://www.indopos.co.id/index.php/arsip-berita-nasional/34-berita-nasional/14488-genjot-proyek-waduk-jatigede.html
- ^ Richard Shears (5 June 2007). "Is this the world's most polluted river?". Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-460077/Is-worlds-polluted-river.html. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- ^ Nana Terangna Bukit (1995). "Water quality conservation for the Citarum River in West Java". Water Science and Technology (IWA Publishing) 31 (9): pp 1–10. http://www.iwaponline.com/wst/03109/wst031090001.htm.
- ^ Nancy-Amelia Collins (5 December 2008). "ADB Gives Indonesia $500 Million to Clean Up World's Dirtiest River". voanews.com. http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/a-13-2008-12-05-voa15-66736547.html. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- ^ "Rehabilitasi Total Sungai Citarum Butuh Rp 35 Triliun dalam Waktu 15 Tahun". November 10, 2011. http://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/node/165108.
- PDF (6.29 MiB)
- The 15 most toxic places to live via Mother Nature Network
- Sea of Garbage — pictures of Citarium River pollution
- The Dirtiest River In The World — The Dirtiest River In The World, Photos.
- http://www.citarum.org/ - Bahasa (mainly updated) and English website regarding information on Citarum river recovery effort
- http://citarum.org/knowledge_center/ - You will find information on research, everything from scholarly publications to tool kits for applied research and policy briefs about Citarum River recovery effort. All materials can be freely downloaded from the site
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