An aircraft report (AIREP), colloquially air report, is a message from an in-flight aircraft to a ground station. These reports describe
weatherconditions in the upper layers of the atmosphere. AIREPs are prepared in conformity with requirements for position and operational and/or meteorologicalreporting and are also the name for coding of the report, being encoded according to the AFMAN manual 15-124 pages 32-35.
AIREPs are normally comprised of the aircraft's identifier, position (
latitude, longitude, and altitude), date and time, flight level, ETA over its next reporting point, destination ETA, fuel remaining, and meteorological information. AIREPs are usually reported at intervals of 10 degrees longitude and are used primarily by airline class aircraft due to the increased tendency of these aircraft to fly at higher altitudes (i.e. better fuel efficiency).
Meteorological observations are of
wind, air temperature, cloud amount, cloud cover, cloud height( cloud baseand cloud top), and special phenomena; and are important data for numerical weather prediction. They are particularly useful over the Southern Hemisphere, South America, and western Pacific where other observations are sparse. The World Meteorological Organization(WMO) freely shares the information globally via the Global Telecommunication System(GTS).
In the United States, the
Air Force Weather Agency(AFWA) receives the data and transmits it to the National Centers for Environmental Prediction(NCEP).
* [http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/search?id=air-report1 Glossary of Meteorology]
* [ftp://www.wmo.int/GTS_monitoring/SMM/From_WMO/sm07101.015/SMM_ERM.htm World Meteorological Organization]
* [http://okmij.org/JMV-TNG/XML/OMF-PIREP.html#AIREP%20report AIREP report]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System — Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (or ACARS) is a digital datalink system for transmission of small messages between aircraft and ground stations via radio or satellite. The protocol, which was designed by ARINC to replace… … Wikipedia
report — [ri pôrt′] vt. [ME reporten < OFr reporter, to carry back < L reportare < re , back + portare, to carry: see PORT3] 1. to give an account of, often at regular intervals; give information about (something seen, done, etc.); recount 2. to… … English World dictionary
Aircraft of the Battle of Britain — The Battle of Britain (German: [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luftschlacht um England Luftschlacht um England ] ) was an effort by the German Luftwaffe during during the summer and autumn, 1940 to gain air superiority over the United Kingdom in… … Wikipedia
Aircraft hijacking — Hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. In most cases the pilot is forced to fly according to the orders of the hijackers. However, in the September 11, 2001… … Wikipedia
Aircraft losses of the Vietnam War — There were a great many aircraft losses during the Vietnam War. Hundreds of U.S. fixed wing aircraft were lost to ground fire of antiaircraft artillery (AAA), surface to air missiles (SAMs), and fighter interceptors (MiG)s. The great majority of… … Wikipedia
Aircraft carriers of the Royal Australian Navy — The Royal Australian Navy, while significant in the Asia Pacific region, has never been a major global force. As with many smaller navies after World War II, the RAN made a decision to develop a naval air arm and operate aircraft carriers. Due to … Wikipedia
Aircraft dope — 2699 a World War I Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 finished in a clear (non coloured) dope Aircraft dope is a plasticised lacquer that is applied to fabric covered aircraft. It tautens and stiffens fabric stretched over airframes and renders them… … Wikipedia
Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Act 1977 — Infobox UK Legislation short title=Aircraft and Shipbuilding Act 1977 parliament=Parliament of the United Kingdom long title=An Act to provide for the establishment of two bodies corporate to be called British Aerospace and British Shipbuilders,… … Wikipedia
Aircraft Identity Corps — During the early days of World War II radar was not yet in widespread use, so the Royal Canadian Air Force instituted the Aircraft Identity Corps organize volunteers who would report suspicious planes and guard against German, Japanese and… … Wikipedia
Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association — Infobox Union| name= AMFA country= United States affiliation= Independent members= 3900 [cite web title=Membership work=Aircraft Mechanics Fraternal Association url=http://www.amfanatl.org/Pages/03 Membership/Membership2.html accessdate=2007 08… … Wikipedia