Composite rules shinty-hurling


Composite rules shinty-hurling

Composite rules shinty-hurling (Irish: Rialacha chomhréiteach sinteag-iomáint), sometimes known simply as shinty-hurling) is a hybrid sport which was developed to facilitate international matches between shinty players and hurling players.

Shinty-hurling is one of few team sports in the world without any dedicated clubs or leagues. It is currently played by both men's and women's teams only in tournaments or once-off internationals. The women's form of the game is called shinty/camogie.

Contents

Rules

The rules of the composite sport are designed to allow for neither side to gain an advantage, eliminating or imposing certain restrictions. The goals are those used in hurling, with 3 points for a goal (in the net under the crossbar) and 1 point for a shot over the crossbar. A stationary ball taken straight from the ground and shot over the crossbar scores 2 points.

Players may not catch the ball unless they are the goalkeeper (or a defender on the line for a penalty) and this must be released within three steps. Players may not kick the ball, but can drag the ball with their foot.

Although there is a statutory size for the ball to be used in the games, there is often a custom of using a sliotar in one half and a shinty ball in the other.

Each half lasts 35 minutes.

History

The first ever games played were challenge matches between London Scottish and London GAA in 1896 and Glasgow Cowal and Dublin Celtic in 1897 and 1898, with the first game played at Celtic Park.[1] However, there was then a hiatus until Scottish representative teams and Irish sides took place in the 1920s. Following intermittent international games between Scotland and an all-Ireland team before the Second World War, controversy arose as the British Government put pressure upon the Camanachd Association to cease from cooperating with the Gaelic Athletic Association, disapproving of their perceived anti-British viewpoint[2][3]

However, universities in both countries kept the link going after the war and this led to a resumption of international fixtures between the two codes in the 1970s.

After a long run of Irish successes, Scotland won four fixtures in a row from 2005 until Ireland reclaimed the title in 2009. Scotland's successes have been marred by a lack of interest from an Irish perspective. Unlike the international rules football tests between Australia and Ireland, few players from the top flight counties participate in the event, with often players from what would be deemed as weaker counties forming the Irish team.

2007 also saw the use of compromise rules as a way of developing the Gaelic languages in Ireland and Scotland by the Columba Initiative. A team called Alba, made up of Scottish Gaelic speakers, played Micheál Breathnach GAA, from Inverin, Galway. The project was repeated in 2008.[4] The Gaelic speakers international was played for a 3rd time in 2010 in Portree in the Isle of Skye on 13 February 2010.

There are also Scottish/Irish women's and under-21s sides which have competed against one another.

In 2009, the first full shinty/hurling match in the United States took place between Skye Camanachd and the San Francisco Rovers.

In 2010, the fixture was played at Croke Park before the International Rules game and then a return leg was played at the Bught Park two weeks later.

Latest Senior Results

Tournament Date Host nation Result Venue Attendance
2003 25 October Scotland Republic of Ireland Ireland 5–9
Scotland Scotland 1–13
Inverness 3,000
2004 16 October Ireland Draw: Republic of Ireland Ireland 3–10
Scotland Scotland 4–7
Ratoath, County Meath
2005 8 October 2005 Scotland Scotland Scotland 4–8
Republic of Ireland Ireland 2–11
Bught Park, Inverness
2006 9 November 2006 Ireland Scotland Scotland 2–13
Republic of Ireland Ireland 2–5
Croke Park, Dublin
2007 13 October Scotland Scotland Scotland 4–10
Republic of Ireland Ireland 0–11
An Aird, Fort William
2008 18 October Ireland Scotland Scotland 1–10
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1–9
Nowlan Park, Kilkenny 1,000
2009 31 October Scotland Republic of Ireland Ireland 2–8
Scotland Scotland 1–8
Bught Park, Inverness 1,500
2010 30 October Ireland Republic of Ireland Ireland 2-15
Scotland Scotland 2-16
Croke Park, Dublin (first leg)[5]
13 November Scotland Republic of Ireland Ireland 5-6
Scotland Scotland 3-7[6]
Ireland win 7-21 to 5-23 on aggregate
Bught Park, Inverness (second leg)
2011 22 October Ireland Republic of Ireland Ireland 1-16
Scotland Scotland 2-8
Geraldine Park, Athy
29 October Scotland Scotland Scotland 1-11
Republic of Ireland Ireland 2-9
Bught Park, Inverness

Camogie Shinty International

  • 2003 Oct 25 Ireland 5–9 Scotland 1–13 Inverness
  • 2004 Oct 16 Ireland 3–10 Scotland 4–7 Ratoath
  • 2005 Oct 8 Scotland 4–8 Ireland 2–11 Bught Park, Inverness
  • 2006 Nov 9 Scotland 2–13 Ireland 2–5 Croke Park,
  • 2007 Oct 13 Scotland 4–10 Ireland 0–11 An Aird, Fort William
  • 2008 Oct 18 Scotland 1–10 Ireland 1–9 Nowlan Park,
  • 2009 Oct 31 Ireland 2-2 Scotland 0-0 Bught Park, Inverness[7]
  • 2010 Oct 30 Ireland 6-9 Scotland 2-2 Ratoath[8]


Records

Country Series won Matches won Total scores
Scotland Scotland 4 4 22-91 (157)
Republic of Ireland Ireland 3 4 22-84 (150)

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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