Composite rules shinty-hurling
Composite rules shinty-hurling (Irish: Rialacha chomhréiteach sinteag-iomáint), sometimes known simply as shinty-hurling) is a hybrid sport which was developed to facilitate international matches between shinty players and hurling players.
Shinty-hurling is one of few team sports in the world without any dedicated clubs or leagues. It is currently played by both men's and women's teams only in tournaments or once-off internationals. The women's form of the game is called shinty/camogie.
The rules of the composite sport are designed to allow for neither side to gain an advantage, eliminating or imposing certain restrictions. The goals are those used in hurling, with 3 points for a goal (in the net under the crossbar) and 1 point for a shot over the crossbar. A stationary ball taken straight from the ground and shot over the crossbar scores 2 points.
Players may not catch the ball unless they are the goalkeeper (or a defender on the line for a penalty) and this must be released within three steps. Players may not kick the ball, but can drag the ball with their foot.
Although there is a statutory size for the ball to be used in the games, there is often a custom of using a sliotar in one half and a shinty ball in the other.
Each half lasts 35 minutes.
The first ever games played were challenge matches between London Scottish and London GAA in 1896 and Glasgow Cowal and Dublin Celtic in 1897 and 1898, with the first game played at Celtic Park. However, there was then a hiatus until Scottish representative teams and Irish sides took place in the 1920s. Following intermittent international games between Scotland and an all-Ireland team before the Second World War, controversy arose as the British Government put pressure upon the Camanachd Association to cease from cooperating with the Gaelic Athletic Association, disapproving of their perceived anti-British viewpoint
However, universities in both countries kept the link going after the war and this led to a resumption of international fixtures between the two codes in the 1970s.
After a long run of Irish successes, Scotland won four fixtures in a row from 2005 until Ireland reclaimed the title in 2009. Scotland's successes have been marred by a lack of interest from an Irish perspective. Unlike the international rules football tests between Australia and Ireland, few players from the top flight counties participate in the event, with often players from what would be deemed as weaker counties forming the Irish team.
2007 also saw the use of compromise rules as a way of developing the Gaelic languages in Ireland and Scotland by the Columba Initiative. A team called Alba, made up of Scottish Gaelic speakers, played Micheál Breathnach GAA, from Inverin, Galway. The project was repeated in 2008. The Gaelic speakers international was played for a 3rd time in 2010 in Portree in the Isle of Skye on 13 February 2010.
There are also Scottish/Irish women's and under-21s sides which have competed against one another.
In 2009, the first full shinty/hurling match in the United States took place between Skye Camanachd and the San Francisco Rovers.
Latest Senior Results
Tournament Date Host nation Result Venue Attendance 2003 25 October Scotland Ireland 5–9
Inverness 3,000 2004 16 October Ireland Draw: Ireland 3–10
Ratoath, County Meath 2005 8 October 2005 Scotland Scotland 4–8
Bught Park, Inverness 2006 9 November 2006 Ireland Scotland 2–13
Croke Park, Dublin 2007 13 October Scotland Scotland 4–10
An Aird, Fort William 2008 18 October Ireland Scotland 1–10
Nowlan Park, Kilkenny 1,000 2009 31 October Scotland Ireland 2–8
Bught Park, Inverness 1,500 2010 30 October Ireland Ireland 2-15
Croke Park, Dublin (first leg) 13 November Scotland Ireland 5-6
Ireland win 7-21 to 5-23 on aggregate
Bught Park, Inverness (second leg) 2011 22 October Ireland Ireland 1-16
Geraldine Park, Athy 29 October Scotland Scotland 1-11
Bught Park, Inverness
Camogie Shinty International
- 2003 Oct 25 Ireland 5–9 Scotland 1–13 Inverness
- 2004 Oct 16 Ireland 3–10 Scotland 4–7 Ratoath
- 2005 Oct 8 Scotland 4–8 Ireland 2–11 Bught Park, Inverness
- 2006 Nov 9 Scotland 2–13 Ireland 2–5 Croke Park,
- 2007 Oct 13 Scotland 4–10 Ireland 0–11 An Aird, Fort William
- 2008 Oct 18 Scotland 1–10 Ireland 1–9 Nowlan Park,
- 2009 Oct 31 Ireland 2-2 Scotland 0-0 Bught Park, Inverness
- 2010 Oct 30 Ireland 6-9 Scotland 2-2 Ratoath
Country Series won Matches won Total scores Scotland 4 4 22-91 (157) Ireland 3 4 22-84 (150)
- ^ BBC report
- ^ MacKenzie, Fraser (8 October 2000). "Celtic festival sees codes come together". The Sunday Herald. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_20001008/ai_n13954047.
- ^ 
- ^ "Gaelic team to represent Scotland in Galway". The Camanachd Association. http://www.shinty.com/index.php?mact=News,cntnt01,detail,0&cntnt01articleid=130&cntnt01returnid=15. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
- ^ Stephen, Kenneth (31 October 2010). "Ireland 21 - 22 Scotland: Hurling's home defeat". The Scotsman. http://sport.scotsman.com/sport/Ireland-21--22-Scotland.6606437.jp#5718733.
- ^ 
- ^ 2009 Ireland 2-2 Scotland 0-0 report on camogie.ie and fromargull.com
- ^ 2010 Ireland 6-9 Scotland 2-2 report on Camogie.ie
Gaelic games Gaelic Athletic Association Gaelic gamesCompetitionsSenior Championship • (2011) • All Ireland Club Championship • All Ireland Colleges Camogie Championship, • Intermediate championship • Junior or ‘Premier Junior” championship • Junior A championship • Junior B championshiup • Minor Championship • Minor B • Minor C, • Under-16_ Championship, • Under-16 B • Under-16 C • Ashbourne Cup • Father Meachair seven-a-side • Féile na nGael • Gael Linn Cup • Jack McGrath Cup • Kay Mills Cup • Máire Ní Chinnéide Cup • Nancy Murray Cup • National Camogie League • Purcell Cup •CompetitionsCompetitionsCompetitionsSenior Championship (2011) • Senior B Championship (defunct) • Under 21 Championship • Minor Championship • Intermediate Championship • Junior Championship • National Hurling League (2011) • Christy Ring Cup (2011) • Nicky Rackard Cup (2011) • Lory Meagher Cup (2011) • Club Hurling Championship (2011–12)CompetitionsLadies' Senior Football Championship (2011) • Ladies' Intermediate Football Championship • Ladies Junior Football ChampionshipCompetitionsSenior Mens' Rounders Championship (2011) • Senior Ladies' Rounders Championship (2011)All-stars • Rounders Council of Ireland Cultural History InternationalsComposite rules shinty-hurling • Hybrid sports • International rules football (2011) Inter countyCounty • County colours • County nicknames Stadiums* Television Other listsList of clubs (Ireland • Rest of the world) • List of Gaelic games competitions • List of terminology
- Stadiums with a capacity of more than 40,000
Senior teamsAberdeen University · Aberdour · Ardnamurchan · Ballachulish · Beauly · Boleskine · Bute · Caberfeidh · Col-Glen · Dundee University · Edinburgh University · Fort William · Glasgow Mid Argyll · Glasgow University · Glengarry · Glenorchy · Glenurquhart · Inveraray · Inverness · Kilmallie · Kilmory · Kincraig · Kingussie · Kinlochshiel · Kyles Athletic · Lewis · Lochaber · Lochbroom · Lochcarron · Lochside Rovers · London · Lovat · Newtonmore · Oban · Oban Celtic · Robert Gordon University · Scots · Skye · St Andrews University · Strachur & District · Strathglass · Tayforth · Taynuilt Former Teams Junior teams Women's shinty Competitions See also National sports teams of Scotland See also: List of national sports teams of Scotland Hybrid sports and the sports that form them Hybrid sportCombination of Austus Biathlon Composite rules shinty-hurling Chess boxing International rules football Samoa Rules Universal football Volata Polocrosse Korfball Slamball Kronum Circle rules football Interdependent team sports Sport · Governing bodies · Sportspeople · National sport Basket sports Football codesGridiron codesHybrid codesMedieval football codesRugby codes Handball sports Safe haven sports Stick and ball sportsHockey sportsPolo sports Ball over a net sports Other sportsAirsoft · Basque pelota (frontenis, jai alai, xare) · Buzkashi · Curling · Cycle ball · Dodgeball · Gateball · Kabaddi · Kho kho · Lagori · Paintball · Pétanque · Rollball · Roller derby · Tchoukball · Ulama · Ultimate · Underwater rugby · Water polo (inner tube) · Wheelchair rugby · Underwater football · Whirlyball
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