Politics of the Faroe Islands
Politics of the Faroe Islands takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the
Prime Minister of the Faroe Islandsis the head of government, and of a multi-party system. The Faroe Islandsare politically associated with the Kingdom of Denmark, but have been self-governing since 1948. Executive poweris exercised by the government. Legislative poweris vested in both the governmentand the Løgting. The Judiciaryis independent of the executive and the legislature and the responsibility of Denmark. There are currently 36 municipalities.
Dan M. Knudsen|
Kaj Leo Johannesen
4 February 2004The high commissioner is appointed by the Queen of Denmark. Following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats is usually elected is, unless the current Løgmaður("Prime Minister" in English) is still in power, given the initiative to establish a new coalition by the Faroese Parliament. However, if he fails, the Chairman of the parliament asks all chairmen to of the parties elected to the parliament, and asks them to point to another chairman who they feel can rightly form a new coalition. The chairman with the most votes is then handed the initiative. After forming the coalition, the løgmaður leads the landsstýri. The landsstýri will often consist of around 7 member. The coalition parties divide the various ministries among themselves and after this, the parties elect their representative to these ministries. Any other member of the cabinet is called a landsstýrismaður.
Election of 2 seats to the Danish Parliament was last held on
8 February 2005: Republican Party 1, People's Party 1.
Political parties and elections
The Faroe Islands have a
multi-partysystem (disputing on independence and unionism as well as left and right), with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The Faroese Parliament ( Løgting) has 33 seats. Members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. For the Løgting elections there were seven electoral districts, each one comprehending a"sýslur", while Streymoy is divided in a northern and southern part (Tórshavn region), but since 2008, the Faroes constitute a single district.
The islands are administratively divided into 34 municipalities with about 120 cities and villages.
Traditionally, there are also the 6 sýslur (
Norðoyar, Eysturoy, Streymoy, Vágar, Sandoyand Suðuroy). "Sýsla" means district and although it is only a police district today, it is still commonly understood as a geographical region. In earlier times, each sýsla had an own ting, the so called "várting" (spring ting).
The islands participate in the
Nordic Council, NIB, International Maritime Organization, International Whaling Commission
[http://www.faroeislands.org.uk/Default.asp?d=8D6305E5-11A4-4D39-8262-8A7B41E1F330 Complete list]
* Debes, Hans Jacob. 1988. "Reflections on the Position, Participation and Co-Operation of Small Nations in International Politics Case The Faroe Islands". "Nordic Journal of International Law". -. 573: 365-368.
* [http://www.tinganes.fo Prime Minister’s Office]
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