Infobox cricket ground
ground_name = WACA
country = Australia
Perth, Western Australia
establishment = 1890
seating_capacity = 24,500
owner = Western Australia Cricket Association
end1 = Members End
end2 = Prindiville Stand End
international = true
firsttestdate = 16 December
firsttestyear = 1970
firsttesthome = Australia
firsttestaway = England
lasttestdate = 16 January
lasttestyear = 2008
lasttesthome = Australia
lasttestaway = India
firstodidate = 9 December
firstodiyear = 1980
firstodihome = Australia
firstodiaway = New Zealand
lastodidate = 15 February
lastodiyear = 2008
lastodihome = Australia
lastodiaway = Sri Lanka
year1 = 1899 – present
club1 = Western Australia
year = 2008
source = http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Grounds/2/174.html CricketArchiveThe WACA (pronounced "wakka") is a sports
stadiumin Perth, Western Australia. WACA are the initials of its owners and operators, the Western Australian Cricket Association.
The WACA ground has been the 'home' of
cricketin Western Australia since the early 1890s. The first Test match was played at the ground in 1970. [http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/australia/engine/match/63061.html] The WACA has also been the home ground of the state of Western Australia's domestic cricket team, currently known as the Western Warriors. The women's cricketteam known as the Western Furyplays in the Women's National Cricket League.
The pitch at the WACA was regarded as one of the quickest and bounciest in the world. These characteristics, in combination with the afternoon sea-breezes which regularly pass the ground (the
Fremantle Doctor), have historically made the ground an attractive place for pace and swing bowlers.
Throughout its history, the ground has also been used for a range of activities other than cricket, including
Australian rules football, Soccer, Rugby League, International Rules, athletic carnivals and music concerts. However, recent years have seen many of these activities relocate to other venues, and today the ground is rarely used for sports other than cricket. Membership currently sits at around 7,000.
Mr W.H. Wise, a gardener who come to WA from England in 1880, laid the first turf wicket at the WACA.The Western Australian Cricket Association was officially established on
November 25, 1885under the Presidency of JCH James. In 1893, the WACA ground was officially opened, occupying a site of old swamp land to the east of the city. The Association has freeholdtitle to the ground. Originally the title was for 29 acres (117,000 m²). However, part was sold to the Trotting Association in the early 1920s.
The first match played on the turf wickets took place in February 1894. However, difficulties encountered in transporting teams to Western Australia meant that the ground was not part of Australia's main cricket community for many years. Even with the building of a trans-continental railway, the trip from the eastern states still took several days. It took the introduction of scheduled flights to Western Australia to make the WACA readily accessible to interstate or overseas teams.
James Gardiner, president of the WACA for three terms between 1897 and 1924, proposed the adoption of 'electorate' cricket (as it was first known) whereby teams were established on a district basis for competition. [
The West Australian, 29 October 1928.] He also inaugurated Country Week cricket, during which country teams compete against each other. [Western Australian Cricketing Association 1924, "Annual Report 1923", Perth.] In 1907, the WACA ground was under threat of being controlled by the Perth City Councilto recover debts. Gardiner led the bid to save the ground and secured a government loan.cite book|author=Barker A.J.|year=1997|title=The WACA: An Australian Cricket Success Story|publisher=Allen & Unwin, St. Leonard] Further financial difficulties led Gardiner to again raise funds and donations with a cricket match by the Australian XI team in 1912.
In 1895 the first grandstand was built at the WACA Ground, seating 500 people and incorporating dressing rooms, a dining room, bathrooms, members’ rooms and bars.
In 1931 the Farley Stand was opened, named after WJ Farley (Association President 1915-1916 to 1916-17 and Secretary 1917-1918 to 1928-1929).
In the 1960s the Players Pavilion was built to provide facilities for the players and the WACA administration. Seating was later added to provide extra seating for the WACA's inaugural Test Match in 1970.
In 1954 the scoreboard was built, a donation from the North West Murchison Cricket Association.
In 1970 the Inverarity Stand, named after Western Australian, South Australian and Australian player
John Inverarity, was opened to celebrate the first Test Match to be played at the WACA.
From 1984 to 1988 the WACA underwent major renovations, including a complete resurfacing of the ground and the construction of new terracing and seating in the outer. Also built were the three tiered Prindiville grandstand and two tiered Lillee-Marsh grandstand, which increased the ground's seating capacity. Six large light towers were also installed in 1986 at a cost of $4.2 million, allowing for night time sports such as day-night cricket matches to be played at the ground. An icon of the WACA, the
floodlightsare 70 metres high and cost $600 per hour to run.These redevelopments also made the venue an attractive venue for sports other than cricket, and it was during the late 1980s and early 1990s that the ground saw its greatest use as a multi-sports venue. From 1987 to 2000, the ground was used by the West Coast Eagles, and from 1995 by the Fremantle Dockers, both Perth-based AFL teams. 72 AFL matches were held at the ground during this time. From 1995 to 1997 the WACA also served as the home ground for the Western Reds rugby leagueteam. In the late 1990s the ground played host to the Perth Heatin the former Australian Baseball League.
However, for various reasons these sports moved away from the WACA (in the case of night football, to
Subiaco Oval), and as a consequence the WACA was again redeveloped in 2002. This redevelopment resulted in much improved facilities for both players and spectators. The capacity of the ground was reduced to around 20,000 and the dimensions of the playing arena were also decreased by a total of 31 metres at the eastern and western boundaries, meaning Australian rules football can no longer be played at the ground. The use of temporary stands boosts the ground's capacity to 24,500.
13 April 2007the Western Australian Cricket Associationannounced a $250m redevelopment of the WACA. The WACA will have its seating capacity increased to 30,000 and will have two residential towers, two office blocks and a retail and entertainment precinct built. The WACA will be developed in partnership with Ascot Capital Limited. A three to four year time frame was put on the development project, and it is hoped the entire project could be completed in time for the Ashes series in 2011. [ [http://www.sportsaustralia.com/articles/news.php?id=1086 WACA secures its Home and Financial Future] Sportsaustralia.com, April 13, 2007] [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/Sport/250m-plan-to-revamp-WACA-revealed/2007/04/13/1175971329386.html $250m plan to revamp WACA revealed] " The Sydney Morning Herald" April 13, 2007.]
In February 2008 the
Government of Western Australiaannounced that it will build a new multi-purpose sports stadium located on Kitchener Parkin the suburb of Subiaco, a few kilometres west of Perth's city centre. The stadium is scheduled to be built between 2011 and 2016, with the majority of the stadium being completed in 2014. Seating 60,000 people, it will mainly be used for Australian rules football matches, but will also be available for cricket. [http://news.theage.com.au/perth-to-get-new-11-billion-stadium/20080208-1r2m.html Perth to get new $1.1 billion stadium] " The Age" February 8, 2008] Andrea Mayes, [http://www.news.com.au/perthnow/story/0,21598,23180266-2761,00.html $1.1b sport stadium for Kitchener Park, Subiaco] , PerthNow, February 8, 2008] WACA Chief Executive Officer Graeme Wood has stated that he anticipates that the WACA will continue to host international cricket matches with a capacity of between 25,000 or 30,000. Matches which draw larger crowds, including those played during the 2015 Cricket World Cup, would move to the major stadium. [http://www.waca.com.au/news/detail.asp?ID=1054]
Memorable events at the WACA
Donald Bradmanplayed at the ground for the first time and attracting a crowd in excess of 20,000 in 1932.
* South Australia's Barry Richards compiled 356 against Western Australia in 1970/1971, the 6th highest score in
Greg Chappellscored 108 on Test debut versus England, batting at 7, on December 13, 1970. Brian Luckhurst, Ian Redpathand John Edrichalso scored centuries in the draw ( [http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/india/engine/match/63061.html Scorecard] ).
* In February 1973 the
Rolling Stonesplayed a daytime concert at the WACA as part of their Pacific Tour.
Doug Waltershit a century in a session against England in 1974, where he hit Bob Willisfor six from the last ball of the day ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1974-75/ENG_IN_AUS/ENG_AUS_T2_13-17DEC1974.html Scorecard] ).
* The "miracle match" in 1976/1977 (semi final of the
Gillette Cupdomestic one day competition), in which Western Australia were bowled out by Queensland for 77, only to then restrict Queensland to 62. WA then narrowly won the final against Victoria.
* Australian batsman Tony Mann scored 108 against India as nightwatchman in 1977/1978. This is only one of five centuries by a nightwatchman in Test match cricket ( [http://content-www.cricinfo.com/australia/engine/match/63196.html Scorecard] ).
Andrew Hilditchwas dismissed handled the ballagainst Pakistan in March 1979. Pakistani batsman Sikander Bakht had been "Mankaded" by Alan Hurst earlier in the same day to end the Pakistan second innings. Whilst at the non-striker's end, Hilditch interrupted a throw from mid-on and passed the ball to the bowler Sarfraz Nawaz, who appealed. Strictly speaking, Hilditch had broken the law and the umpire was correct to rule him out. But the appeal was against the spirit of cricket and was viewed as gamesmanship. It is the only handled the ball dismissal to occur at the non-striker's end ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1978-79/PAK_IN_AUS/PAK_AUS_T2_24-29MAR1979.html Scorecard] ).
* England's only Test win at the ground came during the
World Series Cricketsplit in 1978/1979, when David Gowerscored 102. Rodney Hoggtook ten wickets for Australia ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1978-79/ENG_IN_AUS/ENG_AUS_T2_15-20DEC1978.html Scorecard] ).
* In December 1979, on the second day of the Test Match between Australia and England,
Dennis Lilleeemerged onto the field carrying not the traditional willowbat, but a cricket bat made from aluminium, known as a ComBat. After four deliveries and three runs, England captain Mike Brearleycomplained it was damaging the ball. Play was held up for ten minutes as the umpires persuaded Lillee to change to a piece of willow ( [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pak_0L3rhc Video] ). In the same match, Ian Bothamtook 11 for 176, including 6 for 78 and 5 for 98, which were his best figures against Australia ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1979-80/ENG_IN_AUS/ENG_AUS_T1_14-19DEC1979.html Scorecard] ).
9 December 1980the first one-day international match was played at the ground, between India and New Zealand, which India won by 5 runs ( [http://content-usa.cricinfo.com/australia/engine/match/65304.html Scorecard] ).
* Described by "
Wisden Cricketers' Almanack" as "one of the most undignified incidents in Test history", the clash between Lillee and Pakistani batsman Javed Miandadin 1981, in which Lillee and Miandad collided with each other, after which the bowler turned and kicked Miandad from behind. Miandad lifted his bat above his head as if to strike Lillee and Lillee backed off. The umpire Tony Crafterstepped in to separate the two. Lillee was fined and suspended for two matches - ( [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drvGYPosD8E Video] , [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1981-82/PAK_IN_AUS/PAK_AUS_T1_13-17NOV1981.html Scorecard] ).
* Australian bowler
Terry Aldermansuffered a serious shoulder injury in 1982/1983 while tackling an English ground invader. Greg Chappellled his team off the ground for 14 minutes and 26 arrests were made ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1982-83/ENG_IN_AUS/ENG_AUS_T1_12-17NOV1982.html Scorecard] ).
* In 1984 the record one day cricket match crowd at WACA Ground of 27,057 was recorded, for the game contested by Australia and the West Indies.( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1983-84/OD_TOURNEYS/WSC/AUS_WI_WSC_ODI15_05FEB1984.html Scorecard] ).
Benson & Hedges Perth Challenge, a one-off One Day Internationaltournament, was held in late December 1986 and early January 1987 to help celebrate Australia's defence of the America's Cupyachting competition. Australia, England, Pakistan and the West Indies were the competitors, with England winning the tournament ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1986-87/OD_TOURNEYS/PTHCHL/ Scorecards] ).
Merv Hughestook a hat trickin the Test against the West Indies in 1988/1989, and went on to take 8-87 in the innings. He ended up with 13-217 for the match, the most wickets taken at the ground in a Test match. In the same Test, Australian tail-end batsman Geoff Lawson had his jaw broken by a Curtly Ambrosebouncer ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1988-89/WI_IN_AUS/WI_AUS_T2_02-06DEC1988.html Scorecard] ).
* New Zealander
Mark Greatbatchscored 146 not out off 485 balls against Australia in November 1989. The match was drawn. Greatbatch was at the crease for 14 hours (3 days) to save New Zealand from defeat. He received a standing ovation at the end of the game. Greatbatch’s masterful defensive innings is still considered by many pundits to be one of the greatest cricket centuries ever, under the circumstances ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1980S/1989-90/NZ_IN_AUS/NZ_AUS_T_24-28NOV1989.html Scorecard] ).
Geoff Marshscored 355* for Western Australia v South Australia in December 1989. This is the highest ever individual score at the ground by a West Australian. It is also the 28th highest score in first class history, and the 10th highest by an Australian. During this innings Marsh shared a 1st wicket partnership of 431 with Mike Veletta, the highest ever first wicket partnership for Western Australia in interstate cricket.
Steve Waughand Mark Waughput on a record Australian first class partnership of 464*, Western Australia v New South Wales, 1990.
* In 1990/1991,
Craig McDermottrecorded career-best figures of 8 for 97 against England, and collected 11 victims for the match ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1990-91/ENG_IN_AUS/ENG_AUS_T5_01-05FEB1991.html Scorecard] ).
30 January 1993, Curtly Ambrose had a stunning spell of 7-1 (eventually 7/25) as Australia crashed from 3-85 to 119 all out ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1992-93/WI_IN_AUS/WI_AUS_T5_30JAN-01FEB1993.html Scorecard] ).
* The largest crowd at the WACA of 34,317 attended to see the AFL Preliminary Final between the
West Coast Eaglesand the Melbourne Football Club, 24 September 1994.
Mark Waughlofted a delivery from New Zealand spinner Daniel Vettorionto the roof of the Lillee-Marsh stand at the southern end of the ground in 1997/1998 ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1997-98/NZ_IN_AUS/NZ_AUS_T2_20-23NOV1997.html Scorecard] ).
* In 1999 the Perth Glory played in
National Soccer Leaguefinals at the WACA.
* The Western Warriors defeated the
Queensland Bullsin the final of the 1999/2000 Australian one day domestic competition. WA batted first and made 301. Queensland then raced to 1/202 in the 30th over, only to collapse to be all out for 256 in the 46th over.
December 1, 2000, Australia's Glenn McGrathtook a Test hat-trick, dismissing the West Indian batsmen Sherwin Campbell, Brian Lara, and then-captain Jimmy Adams, taking his 300th Test wicket in the process (Lara), after publicly announcing that he would like Lara to be his 300th scalp ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/2000-01/WI_IN_AUS/SCORECARDS/WI_AUS_T2_01-05DEC2000.html Scorecard] ).
* The Western Warriors defeated
KwaZulu-Natalin the Champions Cup one-day tournament in 2000/2001.
Shane Warnescored his highest Test score of 99 against New Zealand, 2 December 2001( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/2001-02/NZ_IN_AUS/SCORECARDS/NZ_AUS_T3_30NOV-04DEC2001.html Scorecard] ).
Matthew Haydenscored a then Test-record 380 against Zimbabwe in 2003. During the second session of the second day, he and Adam Gilchristboth scored a century in a session. Australia ended declaring its innings at 735-6, the highest ever compiled at the ground in Tests ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/2003-04/ZIM_IN_AUS/SCORECARDS/ZIM_AUS_T1_09-13OCT2003.html Scorecard] ).
* In 2004, at the age of 34, Glenn McGrath took eight wickets for 24 runs against Pakistan, his best Test bowling figures, the second-best ever by an Australian, and the best ever Test bowling figures at the WACA ( [http://www.cricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/2004-05/PAK_IN_AUS/SCORECARDS/PAK_AUS_T1_16-20DEC2004.html Scorecard] ).
January 12, 2005, the WACA hosted Australia's first Twenty20 match, played between the Western Warriors and the Victorian Bushrangers. It drew a sellout crowd of 20,700 - the largest seen at the ground for many years.
*Chris Rogers and
Marcus Northput on a record domestic third wicket partnership of 459, Western Australia v Victoria, October 2006. Rogers' score of 279 was the second highest ever by a West Australian, behind the 355* that Geoff Marsh scored at the same ground in December 1989.
wicket keeper Adam Gilchristhit the second fastest hundred in Test Match history, off 57 balls, in the 3rd Ashes Test match, December 2006. This was just one more ball than the record set by Viv Richardsin 1985/1986. It eclipsed the previous Australian record of a hundred off 67 balls set by Jack Gregoryat Johannesburgin 1921-1922. Gilchrist did not score a run from seven of his first nine deliveries.
*The WACA hosted its first
Twenty20 Internationalmatch on 11 December 2007. Australia defeated New Zealand by 55 runs ( [http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/ausvnz/engine/match/291343.html Scorecard] ).
*India defeated Australia by 72 runs to end Australia's record-equaling Test match winning streak of 16 consecutive wins, in January 2008 ( [http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/ausvnz/engine/match/291353.html Scorecard] ).
Current WACA Board
* Chairman - D J Williams
* President - D K Lillee
* Vice Presidents - W J Edwards, C A C Fear, G M Wood & J B Gannon
* Honorary Treasurer - A D Rule
* Members Representatives - D H Foster, W D Hill, R M McLean, K J Penter, J Shepherd & D J Williams
* Club Cricket Council Representatives - P L Murphy, I Waite, M A Weinman, J A Worland
The current President of the WACA is former Australian Test
cricketer, Dennis Lillee.
The current Chief Executive Officer is another former Australian Test cricketer
The Association also hosts a popular annual cricket festival at
Lilac Hillin Guildford between a Chairman's XI and the visiting International XI team. The first match in 1990 drew a crowd of 12,000 to watch the hosts play the England XI.
List of Test cricket grounds
Western Australian Grade Cricket
* [http://www.waca.com.au WACA official Website]
* [http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/australia/content/ground/56490.html Ground profile at Cricinfo]
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