- Jason Todd
debut=As Jason Todd:
Batman" #357 (March 1983)
As Red Hood:
As Red Robin:
"Countdown To Final Crisis" #14
Gerry Conway Don Newton
Red Hood Incarnation:
Judd Winick Doug Mahnke
real_name=Jason Peter Todd
alliances =Batman Family Teen Titans
aliases = Robin,
Red Hood, Nightwing, Red Robin
powers = - Skilled acrobat (pre-Crisis)
- Trained martial artist
- Access to high-caliber weaponry
- Advanced student in
Jason Todd is a
fictional characterappearing in comic bookspublished by DC Comics. Jason Todd first appeared in " Batman" #357 (1983) and became the new Robin, sidekick to the superhero Batman, when the previous Robin Dick Graysonwent on to star in "The New Teen Titans" under the moniker of Nightwing.
The Jason Todd version of Robin was not well-received by fans. For 1988's ' storyline, DC Comics held a telephone poll to determine whether or not the character would die at the hands of the Joker, Batman's archnemesis. The character was killed off by a slim margin of votes. Subsequent Batman stories dealt with Batman's guilt over not being able to prevent Jason's death. However, in 2004 the character was resurrected as an enemy of Batman, eventually becoming the second
Red Hoodand assuming a new role as an anti-herowho resembles Batman in many ways, except with a willingness to use lethal force and weapons. ["Countdown" #50] During DC's weekly " Countdown to Final Crisis" series, Jason Todd assumes the identity of Red Robin"', though he casts the costume into a dumpster by the end of the series.
By the time
Len Weintook over as editor of DC Comics' Batman titles in 1982, the original Robin, Dick Grayson, had largely moved on to starring as the leader of the young superhero team the Teen Titans in DC's "New Teen Titans" title. However, with the character no longer featured in Batman comics, the disadvantages of telling Batman stories without the character to act as a sounding board for the protagonist became apparent.Daniels, Les. "Batman: The Complete History". Chronicle Books, 1999. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0, pg. 147] Jason Todd was created as Dick Grayson's replacement as Robin. Jason Todd debuted in "Detective Comics" #524 (March 1983), but the character did not appear in costume as Robin until "Detective Comics" #526 (May 1983).
Following the 1985 limited series "
Crisis on Infinite Earths", DC took the opportunity to reboot many of its properties. Jason Todd's character was completely revamped; nevertheless, the character was not well-received by fans. Dennis O'Neil, who took over as Batman editor in 1986, said, "They "did" hate him. I don't know if it was fan craziness--maybe they saw him as usurping Dick Grayson's position. Some of the mail response indicated that this was at least on some people's minds." [Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William. "Notes from the Batcave: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil." "The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media". Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 21]
"A Death in the Family"
In 1988, Dennis O'Neil suggested that an audience might be attracted to the comics by being afforded the opportunity to influence the creative process.Daniels, pg. 160] Settling on the idea of telephone poll via a 1-900 number, O'Neil had decided due to discussions with DC Comics president
Jenette Kahnthat the poll should not be wasted on something insignificant. O'Neil settled on using the poll to determine the fate of Jason Todd. O'Neil said, "The logical candidate was Jason because we had reason to believe that he wasn't that popular anyway. It was a big enough stunt that we couldn't do it with a minor character." [Pearson; Uricchio. "Notes from the Batcave: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil." Pg. 22] Even though Jason Todd was unpopular with readers, O'Neil could not decide what to do with the character, so he opted to present the choice to the readership.
The vote was set up in the four-part story "A Death in the Family" that was published in "Batman" #426-429 in 1988. At the end of "Batman" #427, Jason Todd was beaten by the Joker and left to die in an explosion. The inside back cover of the issue listed two 1-900 numbers that readers could call to vote for the character's death or survival. Within the 36 hour period alloted for voting, the poll received 10,614 votes. The verdict in favor of the character's death won by a slim margin of 5,343 votes to 5,271.O'Neil, Dennis. "Postscript." "Batman: A Death in the Family". DC Comics, 1988. ISBN 0-930289-44-7] The following issue of "Batman", issue 428, was published featuring Jason Todd's death. Despite the poll results, O'Neil noted, "We did the deed, and we got a blast of hate mail and a blast of negative commentary in the press." [Daniels, pg. 161] A few comics creators voiced their displeasure at the event. Writer/artist Frank Miller, who had worked on ' and ', said, "To me the whole killing of Robin thing was probably the ugliest thing I've seen in comics, and the most cynical." [Sharrett, Christopher. "Batman and the Twilight of the Idols: An Interview with Frank Miller." "The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media". Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7, pg. 41] However, DC stood behind the outcome of the poll. O'Neil was quoted on the back cover of "A Death in the Family" trade paperback collecting the story with Todd's death as saying, "It would be a really sleazy stunt to bring him back." ["A Death in the Family" trade paperback] However, O'Neil would later regret his decision. ["If I had to do it again, I would certainly have kept my mouth shut." --
Dennis O'Neil, "Who Killed Robin? An Interactive Whodunit", from "DC Comics: A Celebration of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes, by Les Daniels"]
"Hush" and return
Prior to the release of "Batman" #617 (cover dated September 2003), a page of art from the issue by artist
Jim Leecirculated the Internet, apparently revealing the mystery villain Hush, who was the focus of Lee and writer Jeph Loeb's "" storyline, as a resurrected Jason Todd. The following month's "Batman" #618 (October 2003) revealed that the appearance of Todd was in fact a ruse by the villain Clayfaceunder the direction of the Riddler and Hush. Loeb explained, "I always liked Jason, liked the idea that Batman had a Robin who died in the line of duty and how that would motivate anyone to continue their quest. It would also be the most recent, most painful thing he had to endure. That's why Hush played the card -- to get inside Batman's head . . . But 'Hush' wasn't about Jason -- Jason was a pawn to be moved around the table . . . If someone else wanted to tell another Jason story or bring him back and we at least opened the door, that's great!"cite web | date = March 31 2005| title=Spoiler Sport: Hello Again | publisher=Newsarama.com | url=http://www.newsarama.com/DC/Countdown_more/Batman_Hello.htm | accessdate=June 16 | accessyear=2007]
In 2005, writer
Judd Winickbegan a storyline that revolved around the mystery of the identity of the new Red Hood. The character's identity was revealed as Jason Todd in "Batman" #638. Winick explained that after his initial arc on the "Batman" title, he suggested doing "something big" to his editors. Specifically, he wanted to bring Jason Todd back from the dead. Winick said, "What it finally came down to – beyond the argument, which will be a reader argument about should any character return from the dead, and should this character come back from the dead? – was that I was less interested in the how and the why and the what of Jason Todd returning from the dead than I am about what Jason’s return will do to Batman. Now." The explanation for the character's return was revealed in "Batman Annual" #25 (2006). After a storyline in "Nightwing" as part of the One Year Laterevent where Todd took the mantle of Nightwing for himself, the character reappeared in his Red Hood persona as one of the focal characters of DC's year-long weekly "Countdown" series starting in May 2007.
Fictional character history
The initial version of Jason Todd had an origin that was "shamelessly reminiscent" of the 1940 origin of the first Robin, Dick Grayson. Originally, like Grayson, Jason is the son of circus acrobats killed by a criminal (
Killer Croc) and is later adopted by Bruce Wayne. ["Detective Comics" #534 (1983)] Distinguished by blonde hair (as opposed to the black hair of Dick Grayson), Todd is unfailingly cheerful, wearing his circus costume to fight crime until Dick Grayson presents him with a Robin costume of his own. At that point, Jason dyes his hair black, and in later stories blossoms under Batman's tutelage.Following the revamp of the Batman mythos due to "Crisis on Infinite Earths", Jason Todd is recast as a young street orphan who first encounters the Dark Knight while attempting to steal the tires off the Batmobile. Bruce Wayne sees to it that Jason is placed in a school for troubled youths. Jason earns the mantle of Robin a short while later by helping Batman apprehend a gang of thieves. However, Todd does not wear the Robin costume (an improved version of the classic) until after six months of training. ["Batman" #410] Batman realizes that while Jason doesn't possess Dick Grayson's natural athleticism & acrobatic skills, he can become a productive crimefighter by channeling his rage. He also believes that if he doesn't help the boy, Jason will eventually become part of the "criminal element." Jason also aided Batman while Gotham city was temporarily overrun by Deacon Blackfireas shown in "".
Unlike Grayson or the pre-Crisis Jason, the post-Crisis Jason is impulsive, reckless, and full of rage. Even on missions in which Batman orders him to conduct surveillance, Jason attacks, ruining months of planning. Jason also uses excessive force to subdue criminals. In one story, asked to "hold off" villains, Jason instantly takes to firing at them with a gun, ["Batman" #415] despite Batman's abhorrence for firearms. For the murder of his father, Jason attempts to choke
Two-Faceto death in one story. ["Batman" #411] . On his second encounter with Two-Face, Jason encourages Batman to abandon Harvey Dent in a lethal situation. In the "Dumpster Killings" story arc, Jason implies that he believes lethal force to be acceptable when dealing with criminals. Another story implies that Jason actually allows (or causes) the death of a rapist who evades criminal charges due to his father's status as a diplomat. What really happened is never revealed, although Jason later denies any wrongdoing, claiming (of the man's fall from a balcony), "I guess I spooked him. He slipped." ["Batman" #424]
"A Death in the Family"
In 1988's "A Death in the Family" storyline, Jason discovers his mother was not his biological mother, and runs away to find the woman who gave birth to him. After following a number of leads, Jason finally tracks his mother, Sheila, to
Ethiopia, where she works as an aid worker. While Jason is overjoyed to be reunited with his real mother, he soon discovers that she is being blackmailed by the Joker, who is using her to provide him with medical supplies. Sheila herself has been embezzling from the aid agency and as part of the cover-up she hands her own son, who arrives as Robin, over to the Joker. The Joker beats the boy brutally with a crowbar, and then leaves him and Sheila in the warehouse with a time bomb. Sheila and Robin try desperately to get out of the warehouse but are still inside as the bomb goes off. Batman arrives too late to save them and is only able to hold Jason's lifeless body in his arms. Sheila lives just long enough to tell Batman that Jason died trying to protect her. The bodies are taken back to Gotham City for burial. For the next decade's worth of stories, Jason's death haunts Batman, who keeps Jason's costume on display in the Batcave. Batman considers this his greatest failure: not properly training Jason in his role as Robin and failing to protect him from the Joker.
Return from the grave
Years later, while trying to discover the identity of a mysterious figure plotting against him (which turns out to be Hush), Batman discovers that Robin (Tim Drake) has been kidnapped. When he confronts the kidnapper, he discovers much to his surprise that the kidnapper is apparently an adult Jason Todd. Batman subdues this mystery "Jason" and discovers that it is only
Clayfaceimpersonating Jason. ["Batman: Hush" 2001]
It is later revealed that Jason indeed had died at the hands of the Joker. However, when Superboy-Prime alters reality from the paradise dimension in which he is trapped, Jason is restored to life, six months after his death. He breaks out of his coffin, but collapses thereafter and is hospitalized. After spending a year in a coma and subsequently as an
amnesiac vagrant, he is recognized by Talia al Ghul, who restores his health and memory by immersing him in a Lazarus Pitin which her father is also bathing. It is suggested at that time that exposure to the Pit's energies together with Al Ghul might have affected Jason's personality. On Talia's advice, Jason determines his death was never avenged, and prepares to confront Batman by traveling across the globe in the same path of trainings as his mentor. ["Batman Annual" #25 (March 2006)]
"Batman Annual" #25 retcons the battle between Batman and Clayface. In this version, Jason Todd has entered into a pact with Hush; he initially confronts Batman, then switches places with Clayface in order to observe Batman from afar. When Batman expresses no
remorsefor sparing the Joker's life after Jason was killed, Jason is further angered and takes up the mantle of the Red Hood. -
The Red Hood
Shortly after the events of and just before "War Crimes", Jason Todd reappears in
Gotham Cityas the Red Hood, ["Batman" #635 (December 2004)] hijacking a shipment of Kryptonitefrom Black Mask. In the midst of a battle with Batman, Nightwing, and Mr. Freeze, the Red Hood gives them the Kryptonite back, and tells them he has gotten what he truly wanted: a "lay of the land." Shortly afterward, the Red Hood finds the Joker (driven out of Gotham by Hush) and beats him with a crowbar just as the Joker had beaten Jason. Despite the violence of the beating, Jason spares the Joker, intending to use him later against Batman.
The Red Hood assumes control over several gangs in Gotham City and starts a one-man-war against Black Mask's criminal empire. Overall, he strives to take over Gotham's gangs, stop some of their illegal actions (such as dealing drugs to minors), and to kill the Joker in revenge for his own death. Because of his activities, he repeatedly comes to blows with Batman and several of his allies. A Robin mask was found in the
Batmobile, which never belonged to Dick or Tim, but it was of the style that Jason wore as Robin. ["Batman" #630 (July 2004)] Around this time, Batman discovers that Jason's coffin has always been empty, and he begins to question whether or not Jason had actually died. Despite his return, Jason's Robin costume remains in its memorial display case in the Batcave; when Alfred asked if Bruce wanted the costume removed, Bruce replied that the return of Jason "doesn't change anything at all." ["Batman" #641 (June 2005) ]
Knowing that Tim Drake has not only replaced him as Robin, but is reportedly a better Robin than he had been, Jason breaks into
Titans Towerto confront Tim. Wearing an altered version of his own Robin costume, Jason quickly immobilizes the other Titans and strikes Tim down in the Tower's Hall of Fallen Titans. Furious that no memorial statue was made for him (despite his short tenure as a Titan), Jason demands that Tim tell him if he is really as good as Jason has been told. Tim says "Yes" and passes out. As he leaves, Jason tears the 'R' emblem from Tim's chest. In the Epilogue, Jason has apparently developed a grudging respect for his replacement as he states, "I'll admit. He's good". Jason is also left wondering if perhaps he would have been a better Robin and better person had he a life like Tim's and friends like the Titans. ["Teen Titans" #29 (December 2005) ]
Jason's return crescendos when he kidnaps the Joker and holds him hostage, luring Batman to Crime Alley, the site of their first meeting. Jason asks Batman why he has not avenged his death by killing the Joker, and Batman tells Jason that he will never cross that line. An enraged Jason explains that Joker deserves it, because he has done evil in the past and, according to Jason, is "doing it because he took me away from you". Despite this, Batman explains that it is not too hard for him to kill the Joker, it would be too easy; he has never once not fantasized about taking the Joker somewhere private and torturing him for maybe weeks before finally killing him, but refuses to go to that place. Jason offers Batman an ultimatum: Jason will kill the Joker unless Batman kills Jason first. Holding the Joker at gunpoint, Jason throws a pistol to Batman and begins to count to three while standing behind the Joker, leaving Batman with only a headshot if he wants to stop Jason pulling the trigger. At the last moment, Batman throws a
batarangthat cuts down an object and slices Jason's neck. The Joker takes advantage of the situation, detonating nearby explosives that engulf the platform they are on and send them plunging into the bay. ["Batman Annual" #25 (March 2006)]
One Year Later and "Countdown"
Jason resurfaces following the
One Year Latershift in "Nightwing", patrolling the streets of New York Cityas a murderous version of Nightwing. Jason shows no intention of giving up the Nightwing persona, and continues to taunt Dick Grayson by wearing the costume and suggesting that the two become a crime-fighting team. Grayson refuses to join his side based on his methods of crimefighting. Not long after the two Nightwings meet up, Jason is captured and imprisoned by unknown mobsters. Rescued by a reluctant Grayson, the two join forces to defeat the Pierce brothers. Jason leaves New York City and the Nightwing mantle to Grayson, along with a telegram telling Grayson he has returned to normal and still considers them family. ["Nightwing" #118-122 (2005) ]
Jason appears once more in several issues of "Green Arrow" alongside Brick as part of a gun-running organization, which brings Batman to Star City. Jason's true motives are shown in the third part as he kidnaps Mia Dearden (Speedy) in an effort to convert her to his side, feeling that they are kindred spirits, cast down by society and at odds with their mentors. The two fight while conversing but when Jason is unsuccessful in his bid to turn Mia he settles for blowing up her High School. Mia is deeply troubled by what transpired between her and Jason, but ultimately decides to stick with
At the start of "Countdown", Jason Todd resumes his persona as the Red Hood and rescues a woman from
Duela Dent(a.k.a. Two-Face's Daughter). [Countdown #51] After a Monitor shoots and kills Duela, he attempts to kill Jason, but is stopped by a second Monitor. This second Monitor apologizes to Jason before they both disappear, leaving Jason alone with Duela's body. Later, at Duela's funeral, Jason hides until all of the Teen Titans have left except Donna Troy. Jason tells her what happened the night of Duela's death, and about the dueling Monitors. He knows that both he and Donna Troy have come back from the dead, and wonders which of them is next on the Monitor's hit list. The two are then attacked by the Forerunner, but before she can kill them, the apologetic Monitor stops her, and recruits Jason and Donna for a mission to the Palmerverse (a section of the Nanoverse discovered by Ray Palmer), in an attempt to find Palmer. During the trip, Jason takes it upon himself to name the Monitor "Bob". Jason seems to have a romantic interest in Donna, and is shown to be visibly disgruntled when her old boyfriend, Kyle Rayner, joins their group as they take their tour to the 52 Earths which comprise the Multiverse. A teaser image released to promote "Countdown" showed a figure resembling Red Robin among assembled heroes in poses symbolic of their roles in the series. After a series of contradictory statements about this figure, executive editor Dan DiDiofirmly stated in the July 2007 DC Nation column that the figure is Jason Todd; Todd, a major player in "Countdown", has gone under the aliases 'Red Hood' and 'Robin'.Comic book reference|Title = Justice Society of America|Story = DC Nation|Volume = 3|Issue = 7|Date = (July 2007)] The Red Robin costume, originally designed by Alex Rossfor the 1996 "Kingdom Come" limited series and worn by Dick Grayson, is seen in "Countdown to Final Crisis" #16 in the Earth-51 Batman's base of operations. In issue #14, Jason dons the Red Robin suit and goes into battle alongside Earth-51's Batman. During a battle with a group of Monarch's soldiers, Batman is killed by the Ultraman of Earth-3, deeply affecting Jason. In his grief, Jason murders an alternate version of the Joker who mocks his loss, vacating alongside Donna, Ray and Kyle to the planet Apokolipsbefore Earth-51's destruction. After the group is sent back to Earth, Jason leaves the group and returns to his crimefighting ways. When the Morticoccus virus is released from Karate Kid's body, Jason is forcibly brought back to the group by Kyle, much to his dismay. When the Challengers return to the true Earth, Jason disposes of his Red Robin costume. Jason and Tim Drake are confronted by another Red Robin in "Robin" #177, whose identity is a mystery. Due to a combination of Red Robin's involvement and a gun toting gang member, Jason was shot in the leg and arrested by police.
kills and abilities
In his training to become Robin, Batman instructed Jason Todd in
acrobaticsand martial arts. By matching his former mentor in combat, he has proven that he is physically superior to most Olympic athletes, just like Batman. His reflexes, stamina, and endurance are roughly comparable to that of Dick Grayson.
After his return, Todd expands on his training by learning from people of the same caliber as those who trained his ex-mentor, Batman. Through
Talia al Ghul, Jason has access to high-level civilian and military-grade weaponry, including firearms, explosives, and even rocket launchers. However, his dagger (which resembles a kris) still remains as his preferred weapon of choice for hand-to-hand combat. Although Jason does not possess the wealth of Bruce Wayne, his arsenal is nearly on par with Batman's.
In other media
Although Jason Todd has never appeared in any adaptations of the Batman comics, Tim Drake from "
The New Batman Adventures" is depicted as a hybrid of these two characters' comic versions, with a background almost identical to the Post-Crisis Jason's. Tim Drake's father was killed by Two-Face and he turned to theft to keep from starvation. Tim is often far more responsive to Bruce's orders and showed he adhered to the code Batman established; in the episode "Never Fear", he stopped Batman from killing a thug after a shock interrogation, a move that mirrors the comic story where Jason let a thug fall to his death. In one case, Tim's personality was similar to Jason's impulsiveness; in the episode "Growing Pains", he didn't take Batman's orders and came close to crossing Batman's "no killing" rule after he found out that Clayface had "killed" his friend Annie (who turned out to be a part of Clayface with her own identity and emotions). However, in that case Tim acted out of sadness where as Jason acted in his belief in the criminal mind.
The "Teen Titans" animated series actually depicts the character onscreen.
Beast Boy, in the episode "X", asserts that the person behind the mask of Robin's one-time persona Red Xis a robotic monkey, but does so with the aid of a diagram illustrating numerous different possible identities, including Jason Todd.
The second episode of the short-lived Birds of Prey television series, "Slick", mentions Jason by name. While explaining the idea of their responsibilities to Helena Kyle,
Barbara Gordonis asked to remember how she learned to be a crime fighter: "Dick Grayson, Tim Drake, Jason Todd, even you. It's more than a tradition, it's a legacy."
* Daniels, Les. "Batman: The Complete History". Chronicle Books, 1999. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0
* Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William (editors). "The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media". Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7
* [http://www.titanstower.com/source/whoswho/robin2.html "Titans Tower" Biography]
* [http://www.dcdatabaseproject.com/Red_Hood_%28Jason_Todd%29 DC Database Project: Red Hood]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jason Todd — Primera aparición Como Jason: Batman #357 (1983) Como Robin: Batman #368 (1984) Como Red Hood: Batman #635 (2004) DC Comics Creador(es) Gerry Conwa y Don Newton Información Alias … Wikipedia Español
Jason Todd — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Batman Alias Robin, Red Hood Pouvoirs … Wikipédia en Français
Jason Todd Ipson — Infobox Actor name = Jason Todd Ipson imagesize = caption = birthname = Jason Todd Ipson birthdate = birth date and age|1972|07|28 birthplace = Salt Lake City, Utah deathdate = deathplace = othername = Jason Todd Ipson, MD occupation = film… … Wikipedia
Todd (surname) — Todd is a surname meaning Fox in Gaelic, and may refer to*Albert E. Todd, Canadian mayor *Albert M. Todd, US Representative from the state of Michigan *Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Nobel laureate in chemistry *Andy Todd, English football player … Wikipedia
Todd Grimshaw — Infobox soap character color =#F0E68C series = Coronation Street name = Todd Grimshaw caption = Todd Grimshaw in 2007 first = 14 January 2001 last = 4 November 2007 residence = 14 Martindale Terrace, Stoke Newington|London born = January 13, 1985 … Wikipedia
Jason and the Argonauts (film) — Infobox Film name = Jason and the Argonauts caption = Theatrical release film poster by Howard Terpning director = Don Chaffey producer = Charles H. Schneer writer = Beverley Cross starring = Todd Armstrong Nancy Kovack Honor Blackman Gary… … Wikipedia
Jason X — Données clés Réalisation James Isaac Scénario Victor Miller Todd Farmer Acteurs principaux Kane Hodder Lexa Doig Lisa Ryder Pays d’origine … Wikipédia en Français
Jason 10 — Jason X Jason X Réalisation James Isaac Acteurs principaux Kane Hodder Lexa Doig Lisa Ryder Scénario Victor Miller Todd Farmer Musique Harry Manfredini Ethan Wiley Montage David Handman Production … Wikipédia en Français
Jason Miller (fighter) — Jason Mayhem Miller Born Jason Nicholas Miller December 24, 1980 (1980 12 24) (age 30) Atlanta, Georgia, United States … Wikipedia
Jason Stoltenberg — Nationalität: Australien Australien … Deutsch Wikipedia