Karl Pavlovich Briullov (Russian: "Карл Павлович Брюллов"), called by his friends "the Great Karl" (
December 12, 1799– June 11, 1852), was the first Russian painter of international standingFact|date=September 2008. He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicismto romanticism.
Born of French parents in St Petersburg, Carlo Brulleau (as his name was spelled until 1822) felt drawn to Italy from his early years. Despite his education at the
Imperial Academy of Arts(1809–1821) Briullov never fully embraced the classical style taught by his mentors and promoted by his brother, Alexander Briullov. After distinguishing himself as a promising and imaginative student and finishing his education, he left Russiafor Romewhere he worked until 1835 as a portraitist and genre painter, though his fame as an artist came when he began doing historical painting.
His best-known work, "
The Last Day of Pompeii" (1830–1833), is a vast composition compared by Pushkin and Gogolto the best works of Rubens and Van Dyck. It created a sensation in Italy and established Briullov as one of the finest European painters of his day. After completing this work, he triumphantly returned to the Russian capital, where he made many friends among the aristocracy and intellectual elite and obtained a high post in the Imperial Academy of Arts.
An anecdote concerning Briullov appeared in
Leo Tolstoy's essay
While teaching at the academy (1836–1848) he developed a portrait style which combined a neoclassical simplicity with a romantic tendency that fused well, and his penchant for realism was satisfied with an intriguing level of psychological penetration. While he was working on the
plafondof St Isaac's Cathedral, his health suddenly deteriorated. Following advice of his doctors, Briullov left Russia for Madeirain 1849 and spent the last three years of his life in Italy. He died in Romeand is buried at the Cemeterio degli Inglesi there.
* [http://russianpaintings.net/doc.vphp?id=466 Paintings by Bryullov Karl - high res]
* [http://www.abcgallery.com/B/briullov/briullov.html Online gallery of Briullov paintings]
* [http://www.russianartgallery.org/famous/brullov.htm Brullov's paintings at the Russian Art Gallery]
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Karl Briullov — Karl Pávlovich Briullov Karl Briullov (Autorretrato), 1848. Nacimiento 12 de diciembre de 1799 San Petersburgo, Rusia … Wikipedia Español
Karl Briullov — Autoportrait (1848). Karl Pavlovitch Briullov (en russe : Карл Павлович Брюллов ; ISO 9 : Karl Pavlovič Brûllov), appelé par ses amis « le grand Karl » (12 décembre 1799 … Wikipédia en Français
Karl Briullov — Italienischer Mittag 1827 Karl Pawlowitsch Brjullow (dt. auch Brüllow, russ. Карл Павлович Брюллов; * 12. Dezemberjul./ 23. Dezember 1799greg. in Sankt Petersburg; † 11. Junijul./ … Deutsch Wikipedia
Karl Brioullov — Autoportrait (1848). Karl Pavlovitch Brioullov (en russe : Карл Павлович Брюллов ; ISO 9 : Karl Pavlovič Brûllov), appelé par ses amis « le grand Karl » (12 décembre 1799, Saint Pétersbourg … Wikipédia en Français
Aleksandr Briullov — Aleksandr Pávlovich Briullov Aleksándr Briullov (Autoretrato), 1830. Nacimiento 29 de noviembre de 1798 San Petersburgo, Rusia … Wikipedia Español
Bryullov, Karl Pavlovich — ▪ Russian artist original name Charles Bruleau , Bryullov also spelled Briullov, Bryulov, Brülov, Brüllov , or Brülow born Dec. 12 [Dec. 23, Old Style], 1799, St. Petersburg, Russia died June 11 [June 23], 1852, Marsciano, near Rome, Papal … Universalium
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