The American cordillera consists of an essentially continuous sequence of
mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central Americaand South America. From north to south, this sequence of overlapping and parallel ranges begins with the Alaska Rangeand the Brooks Rangein Alaskaand run through the Yukoninto British Columbia. The main belt of the Rocky Mountainsalong with the parallel Coast Ranges of mountains and islands continue through British Columbia and Vancouver Island. In the United States, the Cordillera branches to include the Rockies, the Sierra Nevada, and the Cascades and Coast ranges of Washington, Oregon, and California. In Mexico, the Cordillera continues through the Sierra Madre Occidentaland Sierra Madre Oriental, as well as the backbone mountains of the Baja California peninsula.
The Cordillera from Mexico northwards is also called the Western Cordillera in the United States and the Pacific Cordillera in Canada.
The Cordillera continues on through the mountain ranges of
Central Americain Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, and becomes the Andes Mountainsof South America. The Andes with their parallel chains and the island chains off the coast of Chilecontinue through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chileto the very tip of South America at Tierra del Fuego. In addition, the range can possibly be followed through the arcuate South GeorgiaRidge across the Southern Ocean to the mountains of Graham Landon the Antarctic Peninsula.
The Cordillera are the eastern half of the
Pacific Ring of Fire, which continues around the Pacific Oceanvia Kamchatkaand Japanto Indonesiaand Polynesia.
name = American cordillera
title = Other Notable Geographic Features of the Pacific Ring of Fire
Alaska• Aleutian Islands • American cordillera • Andes• Bali• Borneo• Bougainville • British Columbia • California• Cascade Range • Challenger Deep • Fais Island • Flores• Guam• Honshū• Java • Kamchatka • Kurile Islands • Luzon• Mariana Islands • Melanesia• Micronesia• Mindanao• New Guinea • North Island (NZL) • Northern Mariana Islands • Oregon• Pacific Coast Range • Pacific Ocean • Polynesia• Rocky Mountains• San Andreas Fault • Sierra Madre (PHL) • Sierra Madre (USA) • Sierra Madre del Sur • Sierra Madre Occidental • Sierra Madre Oriental • South Island (NZL) • Sulawesi• Timor• Washington• Yap• Yukon
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