Gao


Gao

Infobox Settlement
name = PAGENAME
official_name =
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type =
total_type =
motto =
translit_lang1=
translit_lang1_type=
translit_lang1_info=
translit_lang1_type1=
translit_lang1_info1=
translit_lang1_type2=
translit_lang1_info2=




imagesize =250px
image_caption =La Dune Rose and Gao city as seen from the top of the Tomb of Askia.


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =
blank_emblem_size =


mapsize =
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
image_dot_

dot_mapsize =
dot_map_caption =
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within Mali
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MLI
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Gao
subdivision_type2 = Cercle
subdivision_name2 = Gao
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
seat_type =
seat =
parts_type =
parts_style =
parts =
p1 =
p2 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title =
established_date =
established_title1 =
established_date1 =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
founder =
named_for =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_dunam =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =226
elevation_ft =744
elevation_max_m =
elevation_max_ft =
elevation_min_m =
elevation_min_ft =
population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total =57989
population_density_km2 =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = GMT
utc_offset = +0
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
coor_type =
latd=16 |latm=16 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=0 |longm=03 |longs= |longEW=W
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
twin1 =
twin1_country =
twin2 =
twin2_country =
twin3 =
twin3_country =
twin4 =
twin4_country =
twin5 =
twin5_country =
twin6 =
twin6_country =
twin7 =
twin7_country =
blank_name =
blank_info =
blank1_name =
blank1_info =
blank2_name =
blank2_info =
blank3_name =
blank3_info =
blank4_name =
blank4_info =
blank5_name =
blank5_info =
blank6_name =
blank6_info =
website =
footnotes =
Gao is a city in Mali and capital of the Gao Region on the River Niger, with a population of 57,978 in 2005.Communiqué du Conseil des ministres du 3 janvier 2007]

History

Through much of its history, Gao was a center of trade and learning, and was capital of Songhai Empire. It is similar to, and culturally connected with the great Trans-Saharan trade cities of Timbuktu and Djenne. The city was founded around the seventh century as "Kawkaw", its first recorded monarch being Kanda, who founded the Za dynasty of what became the Songhai Empire. He ensured the city’s growth by allowing trans-Saharan traders to visit and Berbers to settle. Trade increased after Za Kossoi converted to Islam in 1009.

The Mali Empire conquered Gao sometime before 1300, but Ali Golon re-established Songhai rule. A distinguished author of the period, Al-Idrissi, described it as a "populous, unwalled, commercial and industrial town, in which were to be found the produce of all arts and trades necessary for its inhabitants". Tim Insoll from St. John's College, Cambridge University, carried out important excavations in Gao. Some of his finds have been on display at the British Museum. Particularly intriguing was an exhibit entitled: "Fragments of alabaster window surrounds and a piece of pink window glass, Gao 10th - 14th century."

Under Ali the Great in the late fifteenth century the city became centre of an empire, with about 70,000 residents and a 1,000-boat navy, but Gao was largely destroyed by the Moroccan invasion of 1591. The town remained small until French rule was imposed in the early twentieth century, expanding the port and establishing a colonial base.

Culture

The population of Gao mostly speak Songhay but includes many ethicities, including the Bozo (traditionally nomadic river dwellers), Fulfulde/Fulani cattle herders, and Tuareg nomads, as well as Bambara peoples from western Mali.

The seventh "Festival des arts et cultures songhay" was celebrated in February 2007 at Gao, reflecting ithe cities importance as a Songhay cultural capital. [ Festival des arts et cultures Songhay: Un facteur d’épanouissement de la région de Gao, Les Echos du 14 février 2007]

Sites

Attractions in Gao include the original fourteenth century Gao Mosque, the Askia Tomb (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) built in 1495 and incorporating another mosque, a museum devoted to the Sahel, markets including a night market, and La Dune Rose, a sand dune named for its appearance at dawn and nightfall.

Economy

Gao has an international airport (Gao International Airport), and is linked to cities along the Niger, including Timbuktu, by a ferry service. While for centuries a transit and trade hub, the tourist industry, especially serving cruises of the Niger River, has also become important to the local economy.

Area

A number of villages (including Bakal) are along the outskirts of Gao, in the Gao district.

Sports

The stadium "Stade Kassé Keïta" is in Gao, and was opened for 2002 African Cup of Nations.

Twin Cities

Gao is twinned with Thionville, France and Berkeley, California, USA.

References

Translation of [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gao French Wikipedia Aricle] .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GAO — steht für: Gao, eine Stadt in Mali Region Gao, eine Verwaltungsregion in Mali mit der Hauptstadt Gao Gao Reich, ein vorislamisches Reich am Nigerbogen Gao (Burkina Faso), eine Gemeinde und eine Departement in Burkina Faso Gao (Palme), eine in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gao — Gaọ,   Handelsstadt in Ostmali, am linken Ufer des Niger (Fähre), 55 000 Einwohner; Endpunkt der Transsaharastraße über den Adrar des Iforas und Umschlagplatz (Flusshafen), Fischerei; Flugplatz.   Stadtbild:   Gao weist geschlossene sudanesische …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gao Yu — (1944 [ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes IPIReport2.00/17Gao.htm International Press Institute] ] ) is a Chinese journalist.Her career started in 1979, as a reporter for the China News Service [ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes… …   Wikipedia

  • Gao Yu — (1944[1] ) es una periodista china. Comenzó su carrera en 1979 como reportera para el Servicio de Noticias Chino.[1] En 1988 se convirtió en redactora jefe adjunta de Economics Weekly, dirigida por intelectuales disidentes.[1] …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gao Qi — (高启, 1336 ndash; 1374),style name Ji Di 季迪, pseudonym Qinqiuzhi 青丘子 is generally acknowledged as the greatest poet of the Ming dynasty in China. He was born and raised in the shore of Wusong River, north of Puli Town near Suzhou. His life was… …   Wikipedia

  • Gao'an — Gāo ān · 高安 Pays Chine Statut administratif Ville district Province Jiangxi Préfecture Yichun Code postal 330800[1] Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gao — Gao, ciudad de los Askias Gao, la ciudad de los Askias, emperadores de uno de los imperios mas importantes de la historia, los Askias sucedieron al gran Soni Ali Ber como jefes del imperio Songhay. La ciudad de Gao fue la capital política y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GAO — noun ACCOUNTING ORGANIZATIONS General Accountability Office; an independent organization established by the US Congress to examine the accounts of US government departments, checking whether public money is being received and spent correctly * *… …   Financial and business terms

  • Gao E — may refer to:*Gao E (Qing Dynasty), Chinese writer in Qing Dynasty, author of part of Dream of the Red Chamber *Gao E (sport shooter), Chinese sport shooter …   Wikipedia

  • GAO — abbrGeneral Accounting Office see also the important agencies section Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. GAO …   Law dictionary

  • Gao Yu — est une journaliste chinoise. Elle commence sa carrière en 1979 comme reporter pour l agence de presse chinoise. En 1988 elle devient rédactrice en chef adjointe de Economics Weekly, dirigés par des intellectuels dissidents. Elle travaille… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.