Elymniini

Taxobox
name = Elymniini


image_width = 240px
image_caption = Large Wall Brown, "Lasiommata maera"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Lepidoptera
unranked_familia = Rhopalocera
superfamilia = Papilionoidea
familia = Nymphalidae
subfamilia = Satyrinae
tribus = Elymniini
tribus_authority =
subdivision_ranks = Subtribes
subdivision =
Elymniina
Mycalesina
Parargina
Zetherina

The Elymniini (browns) are one of the large tribes of the Satyrinae in the Nymphalidae (brush-footed butterfly) family. Following Savela (2007), they contain the following genera:

Subtribe Parargina
* "Aphysoneura" Karsch, 1894
* "Chonala" Moore, 1893
* "Enodia" Hübner, [1819]
* "Hanipha" Moore, 1880
* "Kirinia" Moore, 1893 - includes "Esperarge"
* "Lasiommata" Westwood, 1841
* "Lethe" - treebrowns, woodbrowns, foresters and relatives
* "Lopinga" Moore, 1893
* "Mandarinia" Leech, 1892
* "Neope" Moore, 1866
* "Ninguta" Moore, 1892
* "Nosea" Koiwaya, 1993
* "Orinoma" Gray, 1846
* "Pararge" Hübner, 1819
* "Ptychandra" C. & R. Felder, 1861
* "Rhaphicera" Butler, 1867
* "Satyrodes" Scudder, 1875
* "Tatinga" Moore, 1893

Subtribe Zetherina
* "Callarge" Leech, 1892
* "Ethope" Moore, 1866 - sometimes placed in the Parargina
* "Neorina" Westwood, 1850 - sometimes placed in the Parargina
* "Penthema" Doubleday, 1848
* "Zethera" Felder, 1861

Subtribe Elymniina
* "Elymnias" Hübner, 1818

Subtribe Mycalesina
* "Bicyclus" Kirby, 1871
* "Bletogona" C. & R. Felder, 1867
* "Hallelesis" Condamin, 1961
* "Heteropsis" Westwood, 1850 - includes "Admiratio" , "Henotesia" , "Houlbertia" , "Masoura"
* "Mycalesis" - bushbrowns
* "Nirvanopsis" - formerly "Nirvana"
* "Orsotriaena" Wallengren, 1858
* "Pseudomycalesis" Tsukada & Nishiyama, 1979

Fossil record

Several prehistoric genera have been described from fossils. They all belong into the Parargina:
* "Neorinella" Martins Neto "et al.", 1993
* "Neorinopsis"
* "Pseudoneorina" Nel & Descimon, 1986
* "Satyrites" Scudder, 1872

References

* (2007): [http://www.nic.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/nymphalidae/satyrinae/index.html Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms: Satyrinae] . Version of 2007-MAY-12. Retrieved 2007-MAY-31.


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