His exact birthdate is not known, but it was probably in 1604 or 1605 in Marino, near
Of his early life almost nothing is known. His father was a
barrelmaker, and at the age of twenty Giacomo became chapel-master at Assisi. In 1628 he obtained the same position at the church of Sant'Apollinare belonging to the Collegium Germanicumin Rome, which he held until his death. This was despite him receiving several offers to work in very prominent establishments, including an offer to take over from Claudio Monteverdiat Saint Mark's in Venice. In 1637 he was ordained a priest. He seems never to have left Italy.
He died in Rome in 1674.
The great achievements generally ascribed to him are the further development of the
recitative, later introduced by Monteverdi, and of infinite importance in the history of dramatic music; the further development of the chamber- cantata, by which Carissimi superseded the concertatomadrigals which had themselves replaced the madrigals of the late Renaissance; and the development of the oratorio, of which he was the first significant composer.
His position in the history of
church musicand vocal chamber musicis somewhat similar to that of Cavalli in the history of opera. While Luigi Rossi was his predecessor in developing the chamber-cantata, Carissimi was the composer who first made this form the vehiclefor the most intellectual style of chamber-music, a function which it continued to perform until the death of Alessandro Scarlatti, Astorga and Marcello.
Carissimi is also noted as one of the first composers of
oratorios, with " Jephte" probably the best known, as well as " Jonas"; this work and others are important as definitely establishing the form of oratorio unaccompanied by dramatic action, which maintained its hold for two hundred years. The name comes from their presentation at the Oratory of Santissimo Crocifissoin Rome. He also may claim the merit of having given greater variety and interest to the instrumental accompaniments of vocal compositions. Dr Burney and Sir John Hawkinspublished specimens of his compositions in their works on the history of music; and Dr Aldrich collected an almost complete set of his compositions, at present in the library of Christ Church, Oxford. The British Museumalso possesses numerous works by Carissimi. Most of his oratorios are in the Bibliothèque Nationaleat Paris.
Carissimi was active at the time when
secular musicwas about to usurp the dominance of sacred music in Italy; the change was decisive, and permanent. When he began composing, the influence of the previous generations of Roman composers was still heavy (for instance, the style of Palestrina); and when his career came to a close the operatic forms, as well as the instrumental secularforms, were predominant. In addition Carissimi was important as a teacher, and his influence spread far into Germanyand France: much of the musical style of Charpentier, for example, is dependent on the earlier composer.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Giacomo Carissimi — Naissance 18 avril 1605 Marino … Wikipédia en Français
Giacomo Carissimi — (getauft 18. April 1605 in Marino bei Rom; † 12. Januar 1674 in Rom) war ein italienischer Komponist. Carissimi wurde 1624 Kapellmeister in Assisi und 1628 an der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giacomo Carissimi — Giacomo Carissimi † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Giacomo Carissimi The most influential and prolific Italian composer of his time, b. in 1604 at Marino in the Papal States; d. 12 Jan., 1674, in Rome. After completing his musical education… … Catholic encyclopedia
Giacomo Carissimi — (18 de abril de 1605 Roma, 12 de enero de 1674) fue uno de los compositores italianos más eminentes de los comienzos del Barroco y uno de los principales representantes de la Escuela Romana. Giacomo Carissimi. Nació en Marini, cerca de R … Wikipedia Español
Carissimi — Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Carissimi (baptisé le 18 avril 1605 et mort à Rome le 12 janvier 1674[1 … Wikipédia en Français
CARISSIMI (G.) — CARISSIMI GIACOMO (1605 1674) Figure marquante de la musique du XVIIe siècle, Giacomo Carissimi a exercé son influence non seulement en Italie, mais dans l’Europe entière. Parmi ses élèves, on compte Bassani, Cesti, Bononcini, Scarlatti… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Giacomo — is a male given name, Italian version of James.It may be refer to:People*Giacomo Puccini (1858 1924), an Italian composer *Giacomo Casanova (1725 1798), Venetian adventurer and author *Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791 1864), a German born opera composer… … Wikipedia
Giacomo Antonio Perti — Naissance 6 juin 1661 Bologne, Italie Décès 10 avril 1756 Bologne … Wikipédia en Français
Carissimi — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Giacomo Carissimi (1605–1674), italienischer Komponist Marta Carissimi (* 1987), italienische Fußballspielerin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giacomo — hace referencia a: Giacomo Carissimi, compositor italiano; Giacomo Leopardi, poeta italiano; Giacomo Matteotti, político socialista italiano; Giacomo Puccini, compositor italiano; Giacomo Casanova, escritor y aventurero italiano; Esta … Wikipedia Español