Johann Stumpf (writer)

Johann Stumpf (1500-1578) was an early writer on the history and topography of Switzerland.

He was born at Bruchsal (near Karlsruhe), and was educated there and at Strasbourg and Heidelberg. In 1520 he became a cleric or chaplain in the order of the Knights Hospitaller. He was sent in 1521 to the preceptory of that order at Freiburg in Breisgau, ordained a priest at Basel, and in 1522 was placed in charge of the preceptory at Bubikon (north of Rapperswil, in the canton of Zürich). However, Stumpf went over to the Protestants, was present at the great Disputation in Bern (1528), and took part in the first Kappel War (1529).

In 1529 he married the first of his four wives, a daughter of Heinrich Brennwald, who wrote a work (still in manuscripts) on Swiss history, and stimulated his son-in-law to undertake historical studies. Stumpf made wide researches, with this object, for many years, and undertook also several journeys, of which that in 1544 to Engelberg and through the Valais seems to be the most important, perhaps because his original diary has been preserved to us. The fruit of his labours (completed at the end of 1546) was published in 1548 at Zürich in a huge folio of 934 pages (with many fine wood engravings, coats of arms, maps, &c.), under the title of "Gemeiner loblicher Eydgnoschafft Stetten, Landen und Voelckeren Chronick wirdiger thaaten Beschreybung" (an extract from it was published in 1554, under the name of "Schwytzer Chronika", while new and greatly enlarged editions of the original work were issued in 1586 and 1606). The woodcuts are best in the first edition, and it remained till Scheuchzer's day (early 18th century) the chief authority on its subject.

When he converted to Protestantism, Stumpf had carried over with him most of his parishioners, whom he continued to care for, as the Protestant pastor at Bubikon, till 1543. He then became pastor of Stammheim (same canton) until 1561, when he retired to Zürich (of which he had been made a burgher in 1548), where he lived in retirement till his death in 1576.

Stumpf also published a monograph (very remarkable for the date) about Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (1556) and a set of laudatory verses ("Lobspruche") about each of the thirteen Swiss cantons.

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johann Stumpf — may refer to: *Johann Stumpf (writer), a 16th century Swiss writer *Johann Stumpf (engineer), a 19th century German engineer …   Wikipedia

  • Stumpf — may refer to:People* Johann Walter (Hans) Stumpf (musicologist), Master Pipe Organist, German Immigrant * John Stumpf, President and CEO of Wells Fargo * Bernd Stumpf * Bill Stumpf * Carl Stumpf * Johann Stumpf (writer), a 16th century Swiss… …   Wikipedia

  • 1500 — Year 1500 (MD) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events of 1500 * January 5 Duke Ludovico Sforza recaptures Milan, but is soon driven out again by the French. * February 17 Battle… …   Wikipedia

  • 1578 in literature — Events*Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga is sent on a mission to Saragossa by King Philip II of Spain.New books*Diogo de Paiva de Andrada Defensio Tridentinae Fidei (posthumously published) *George Best A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of… …   Wikipedia

  • historiography — historiographic /hi stawr ee euh graf ik, stohr /, historiographical, adj. historiographically, adv. /hi stawr ee og reuh fee, stohr /, n., pl. historiographies. 1. the body of literature dealing with historical matters; histories collectively. 2 …   Universalium

  • Switzerland — /swit seuhr leuhnd/, n. a republic in central Europe. 7,248,984; 15,944 sq. mi. (41,294 sq. km). Cap.: Bern. French, Suisse. German, Schweiz. Italian, Svizzera. Latin, Helvetia. * * * Switzerland Introduction Switzerland Background: Switzerland s …   Universalium

  • List of people related to Mainz — This list indicates renown persons, which have been born in Mainz or which have left their traces Mainz.ons and daughters of the town ( chronological list ) * around 780, Rabanus Maurus, † 856, , was a Benedictinemonk, the archbishop of Mainz in… …   Wikipedia

  • Swiss literature — There is no such thing as a Swiss national vernacular literature, properly speaking. But there are four branches which make up a literature of Switzerland, according to the language in which the works are composed. As the Confederation, from its… …   Wikipedia

  • Discontinued ISSF shooting events — This article includes the ISSF World Shooting Championships medal tables of currently discontinued shooting events. The events that International Shooting Sport Federation presently includes in World Championships and Olympic Games are listed in… …   Wikipedia

  • Lorenz Christoph Mizler — von Kolof (or Mitzler de Koloff) (26 July 1711 – March 1778) was a German physician, mathematician, and writer on music. Contents 1 Biography 2 Work 3 Musical society 4 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.