Infobox Protected area
name = Abukuma-do
iucn_category =

caption =
base_width =
locator_x =
locator_y =
location = Honshū, Japan
nearest_city = Tamura-shi, Fukushima Prefecture
lat_degrees= |lat_minutes= |lat_seconds= |lat_direction=
long_degrees= |long_minutes= |long_seconds= |long_direction=
area =
established =
visitation_num = 10,085,000
visitation_year = 1988
governing_body =
world_heritage_site =

Abukuma-do (阿武隈洞 - Abukuma Cave) is a limestone cave located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. The cave was discovered on August 15, 1969, northeast of the city of Tamura and was originally named Kamayama Shonyu-do (釜山鍾乳洞). It was designated a natural heritage of the town on February 7, 1971 and renamed Abukuma-do on June 1, 1973. [Suzuki K., page 17.] Visitors can traverse a 600-meter-long path inside the cave as well as a 120-meter-long exploration course to view the stalactites and stalagmites. Each stalactite has taken more than eighty million years to form. [Takeda T.:"Hello! Fukushima", page 116.] Beyond the public areas lie about 2,500 meters of cave that are not open to the public. Nearby Abukuma Cave is the smaller Irimizu Shonyu-do (入水鍾乳洞 - Irimizu Limestone Cave), discovered in 1927. Irimizu Limestone Cave was designated a National Natural Treasure on December 28, 1934. [Takeda T.:"Fukushima - Today & Tomorrow", page 50.] The temperature inside Abukuma-do is around 15°C and the humidity is above 90%.


A notable feature of Abukuma-do is the existence of boxwork, a rare cave formation composed of thin blades of the mineral calcite that project from cave walls and ceilings, forming a honeycomb or box-like pattern. Boxwork can also be found in Shimukugama in Okinawa and Sugawatari-do (氷渡洞 - Ice Cross Cave) in Iwate Prefecture, but because Abukuma-do is currently the only limestone cave in Japan open to tourists, it is subsequently the only cave in Japan in which you can see boxwork.

Christmas Tree and Silver Frost

The Christmas Tree and the Silver Frost are two of the most distinctive Speleothem inside Abukuma-do. The Christmas Tree is a stalagmite and The Silver Frost meets dripstones on the roof of the cave resulting in an impressive column. Both represent a featured stop along the 600 meter course inside the cave. According to the Abukuma Caves Management Office, The Christmas Tree, at over two meters high, [Suzuki K., page 31.] is said to be the largest stalagmite in the East.




External links

* [http://www.city.tamura.lg.jp Tamura City official website]

See also

* Cave
* National treasures of Japan

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abukuma — gawa Abukumagawa (阿武隈川) Caractéristiques Longueur 239 km Bassin 5 390 km …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abukuma — may refer to more than one article: *Abukuma do, limestone caves in Fukushima, Japan *Abukuma River in Japan *Japanese cruiser Abukuma, a World War II cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy …   Wikipedia

  • Abukuma — steht für: Abukuma (Fluss), einen japanischen Fluss Abukuma (1925), einen japanischen Leichten Kreuzer der Nagara Klasse, der im Zweiten Weltkrieg versenkt wurde Abukuma (Zerstörer), eine moderne japanische Zerstörerklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abukuma — puede referirse a: El río Abukuma en Japón. Las cuevas de Abukuma, en Japón. El Clase Abukuma de destructores japoneses. El Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de un enlace… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abukuma-Klasse — in Sasebo Geschichte Typ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abukuma (Fluss) — Abukuma Ansicht des FlussesVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abukuma River — The Abukuma River (阿武隈川, Abukuma gawa or Abukumagawa ), with a length of 234 km, is the second longest river in the Tōhoku region of Japan and the 6th longest river in Japan. It rises from springs in the peaks of the Nasu Mountains, collects… …   Wikipedia

  • Abukuma-gawa — 38° 02′ 56″ N 140° 55′ 21″ E / 38.04894, 140.92263 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abukuma Station — is an Abukuma Express Line s railway station located in Marumori, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.The name of the station was taken from the Abukuma River. There are no villages or houses around the station. The station building sells tickets for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Abukuma Express Line — The nihongo|Abukuma Express Line|阿武隈急行線|Abukuma Kyūkō sen is a railway line in Japan. It is owned and operated by the Abukuma Kyūkō Railway Company. The line transits from Fukushima Station in Fukushima Prefecture to Tsukinoki Station in Miyagi… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.