Royal Free Hospital
Name = Royal Free Hospital
Org/Group = Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust
Region = London
State = England
Country = UK
HealthCare = NHS
Type = Teaching
Emergency = Yes
University College London Middlesex University
Founded = 1828, 1970s present site
Website = http://www.royalfree.nhs.uk Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust
Wiki-Links = |
The Royal Free Hospital is a large
teaching hospitalin London, England. It is part of the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trustand located in Hampstead, just northwest of central London. The nearest Tube stop is Belsize Park, on the Northern Line.
The hospital was founded in
Gray's Inn Road, Holbornby the surgeon William Marsden (1796–1867) in 1828 to provide - as the name indicates - free care to those of little means. The royal charterwas granted by Queen Victoria in 1837 after a choleraepidemic in which the hospital had extended care to many victims.
The hospital is located on
Pond Street, Hampstead, where it moved in the 1970s. It also houses part of the UCL Medical Schooland its associated research facilities. Significant advances in the fields of liver medicine ( hepatology) and transplantation; renal diseaseand dialysis; haematologyand haemophiliahave been made at the Royal Free. The Professorial department of liver medicine is recognized as one of the leading researchunits of its type in the world. It was founded by the late Prof. Dame Sheila Sherlock, DBE.
The Royal Free Hospital was the first in the UK to appoint a consultant in
HIVmedicine back in 1989. Dr Margaret Johnson a specialist in thoracic medicine, has built The Royal Free Centre for HIV Medicine, which is at the forefront of treatment of HIV and AIDS. It includes in-patient care on the Elizabeth Garrett Andersonward, a research team headed by Dr Mike Youle, virology laboratories headed by Prof Clive Loveday, who developed the first viral loadtests long before they became part of routine HIV management. The out-patients' centre was opened in 1992 by Sir Ian McKellenand is named after actor Ian Charleson. Its garden, where patients can relax, was opened by Sir Elton John.
In 1998, the hospital and its medical school became embroiled in scandal when they provided a platform for
Andrew Wakefieldand his campaign against the MMR vaccine.
The hospital itself also offers teaching and placement to nursing students from
Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, located in King's Cross, London, is also part of the Royal Free Hampstead NHS trust. It houses three inpatient wards (including a paediatric ward), outpatient clinics, operating theatres, a day surgery unit, and a pharmacy.
The UK facial transplantation team, under Peter Butler, are based at the RFH and have recently been granted ethical approval to begin screening patients.
Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trustis a member of the UCL Partnersacademic health science partnership.
Royal Free disease
In 1955 an apparent outbreak of an infectious illness categorised with a fever and subsequence persisting fatigue affected 292 members of staff and forced the hospital's closure between 25 July and 5 October. Although since debated whether the episode was of an infectious cause, or just an example of
mass hysteria,cite journal |author=Dawson J |title=Royal Free disease: perplexity continues |journal=Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) |volume=294 |issue=6568 |pages=327–8 |year=1987 |month=February |pmid=3028544 |pmc=1245346 |doi= |url=] this was a notable case in the UK and eventually coined the term myalgic encephalomyelitis.cite book | author=A. Melvin Ramsay | title=Postviral Fatigue Syndrome. The saga of Royal Free disease | location=Londen | year=1986 | ISBN=0-906923-96-4]
* [http://www.royalfree.nhs.uk Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust]
* [http://www.ucl.ac.uk/medicalschool UCL Medical School]
* [http://briandeer.com/mmr-lancet.htm briandeer.com] 'MMR: The Lancet scandal'
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